Orhan Iyitoğlu, Nadir Çeliköz


This study provides an account of the phenomenon of internet addiction from the perspective of academic achievement. In other words, this study aimed to explore the relation between academic performance of Turkish high school students in such different subject as Maths, English, History, GPA and their use of internet. Different school subjects were selected consciously as the predictor of success in different domains such as social sciences, language, mathematics and the mean of them (GPA). In this respect, employing convenience sampling method, 217 high school students (107 males, 110 females) were included in the study. The level of internet addiction among the participants was determined through administering one dimension of the adopted version of The Social Networking and Social Media Status Scale (Arslan & Kırık, 2013) (α = 0.88). For academic performance, the students were asked to write down the grade points for the specified three subjects and GPA as in their recent school reports. Following the statistics and the procedures run for the reliability and validity of the scale using both SPSS 21 and Liesrel 6 for Windows; adequacy of the sampling; normality and homogeneity of the distribution, parametric tests (Independent Sample T tests & Pearson Product Moment Correlation) were run to analyze the data through SPSS 21 for Windows. The results suggested no gender impact on internet addiction. In terms of the academic performance, statistically positive relation was found between EFL performance and internet use while GPA scores were found to be negatively correlated with it. No correlation between performance in history or math and internet use was found.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



internet addiction, academic performance, gender, factor analysis


Akhter, N. (2013). Relationship between Internet Addiction and Academic Performance among University Undergraduates. Educational Research and Reviews, 8 (19), 1793-1796.

Balta. O. Ç. & Horzum, M. B. (2008). The Factors that affect Internet addiction of students in a web based learning environment. Ankara University, Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences, 41(1), 187-205.

Bayraktar, F. (2001). İnternet kullanımının ergen gelişimindeki rolü. (Master’s Thesis, Ege University, İzmir, Turkey).

Bryant, F. B., & Yarnold, P. R. (1995). Principal-components analysis and exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis.

Borzekowski, D. L. G., & Robinson, T. N. (2005). The remote, the mouse, and the no.2 pencil-The household media environment and academic achievement among third grade students. Achieves of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 159, 607-613.

Ceyhan, A.A. (2008). Predictors of problematic internet use on Turkish university students, CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11 (3), 363-366.

Child, D. (1990). The essentials of factor analysis, second edition. London: Cassel Educational Limited.

Chou C., Hsiao, M. (2000). Internet addiction, usage, gratifications, and pleasure experience: The Taiwan College Student's case. Comput. Educ. 35, 65-80.

Creswell, J.W. (2012) Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (4th ed). Boston, MA: Pearson Publication.

Çam, E. & İşbulan, O. (2012) A new addiction for teacher candidates: Social Networks. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 11(3), 14-19.

Eldeleklioğlu, J. (2008). Gender, romantic relationships, Internet use, perceived social support and social skills as the predictors of loneliness. Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 33, 127-140.

Ersoy, A. ve Yaşar, Ş. (2003). İlköğretim 4. ve 5. sınıf öğrencilerinin internet kullanma durumları. Türk Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi, 1(4), 401- 425

Esen, E., & Siyez, D. M. (2011). Ergenlerde internet bağımlılığını yordayan psiko-sosyal değişkenlerin incelenmesi. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 2011, 4 (36), 127-138

Frangos, C.C., (2009). Internet Dependence in College Students from Greece. Eur. Psychiatry 24 (1), S419.

Griffiths, M. (2000). Does Internet and computer" addiction" exist? Some case study evidence. CyberPsychology and Behavior, 3(2), 211-218

Gunuc, S., & Kayri, M. (2010). The profile of internet dependency in Turkey and development of internet addiction scale: study of validity and reliability. Hacettepe University Journal of Education, 39, 220-232.

Harrington, D. (2008). Confirmatory factor analysis. Oxford University Press, USA.

Ito, M., Horst, H., Bittanti, M., Boyd, D., Herr-Stephenson, B., Lange, P., et al. (2008). Living and learning with new media: Summary of findings from the digital youth project. The John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.

Kaltiala-Heino, R., Lintonen, T. & Rimpela, A. (2004). Internet addiction: Potentially problematic use of the Internet in a population of 12–18 year-old adolescents. Addiction Research and Theory, 12 (1), 89–96.

Kim, J, LaRose, R. & Peng, W. (2009). Loneliness as the cause and the effect of problematic Internet use: The relationship between Internet use and psychological well-being. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12 (4), 451-455.

Kubey, R. W., Lavin, M. J., & Barrows, J. R. (2001). Internet use and collegiate academic performance decrements: Early findings. Journal of communication, 51(2), 366-382.

Kurtaran, G. T. (2008). Examining the variables predicted Internet addiction. (Unpublished Master Thesis, Mersin University Social Sciences Institute, Mersin, Turkey).

Leung, L., & Lee, P. S. (2012). Impact of internet literacy, internet addiction symptoms, and internet activities on academic performance. Social Science Computer Review, 0894439311435217.

Li, S. M. & Chung, T. M. (2006). Internet function and Internet addictive behavior. Computers in Human Behavior, 22, 1067–1071.

Mishra, S., Draus, P., Goreva, N., Leone, G., & Caputo, D. (2014). The impact of internet addiction on university students and its effect on subsequent academic success: A survey based study. Issues in Information Systems, 15 (1), 344-352.

Moisan, A. (2012). Study: How Many People Are Addicted to the Internet and Why. In MarketingAllInclusive.com, retrieved from

http://www.marketingallinclusive.com/articole/latestnews/study-how-many-peopleareaddicted-to-the-internet-and-why10610.html on March 19, 2014.

Mosby’s Medical Nursing & Allied Health Dictionary (5th ed.). (1998). St. Louis: Mosby.

Orhan, F. & Akkoyunlu, B. (2004). İlköğretim öğrencilerinin internet kullanımları üzerine bir çalışma. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 26, 107-116.

Öztürk, Ö., Odabaşıoğlu, G., Eraslan, D., Genç, Y. & Kalyoncu,Ö. A. (2007). Internet addiction: Clinical presentation and treatment. Journal of Addiction, 8 (1), 36-41.

Panayides, P., & Walker, M. J., (2012). Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) in a sample of Cypriot high school students: The research measurement perspective. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 8 (3), 327-351, doi: 10.5964/ejopv8i3.474

Rohani, F., & Tari, S. (2012). A study of the relationship between the rate of addiction to internet with academic motivation and social development among high school students in Mazandaran Province. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences 2 (6); 19-34.

Saisan, J., Smith, M., Robinson, L., and Segal, J. (2013). Internet & Computer addiction: Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment. Helpguide.org, retrieved from

http://www.helpguide.org/mental/internet_cybersex_addiction.htm on Feb 23, 2014

Scherer, K. (1997). College Life On-Line: Healthy and Unhealthy Internet Use. J. College Student Dev. 38, 655-665.

Serin, B. N. (2011). An Examination of Predictor Variables for Problematic Internet Use. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 10 (3), 54-62.

Şahin, C. & Kırşehir, K. (2011). An Analysis of Internet addiction levels of individuals according to various variables. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 10(4), 60-66.

Talebinejad, M.R. & Aliakbari, M. (2001). Basic Assumptions in Teaching English as an International Language. The Internet TESL Journal, 7. http:/ /iteslj .org /article /Talebinejad-EI1.html.

Tahiroğlu, A.Y., Çelik, G.G., Uzel, M., Özcan, N. & Avcı, A. (2008). Internet use among Turkish adolescents. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 11(5), 241-246.

Tsai H. F., Cheng S. H., Yeh T. L., Shih C. C., Chen K. C., Yang Y. C., Yang Y. K. (2009). The risk factors of Internet addiction-A survey of university freshmen. Psychiatry Res. 167, 294-299.

Tsitsika, A., Janikian, M., Schoenmakers, T. M., Tzavela, E. C., Olafsson, K., Wójcik, S., Macarie, G. F., Tzavara, C. & Richardson, C. (2014). Internet addictive behavior in adolescence: a cross-sectional study in seven European countries. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17(8), 528-535.

Weiser, E. B. (2000). Gender Differences in Internet Use Patterns and Internet Application Preferences: A Two-Sample Comparison. Cyber Psychol. Behav. 3, 167-178.

Widyanto, L. & Griffiths, M. (2007). Internet addiction: Does it really exist? (revisited). In J. Gackenbach (Ed.), Psychology and the Internet: Intrapersonal interpersonal, and transpersonal implications (2nd ed.). (pp. 141-163). San Diego, CA, US: Academic Press.


  • There are currently no refbacks.





Copyright © 2015. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).