Gazi Md. Nazrul Islam, Md. Isahaque Ali, Md. Zohurul Islam


The Purposes of this study are to explore the existing quality status and analyze the gaps between existing practices and formal quality assurance and accreditation (QAA) systems, and to assess and tap the institutional learning and challenges of introducing QAA mechanism in Bangladesh. However, the intention is to explore the preparedness to introduce formal QAA mechanism and their implications on the institutional performance in the context of Bangladeshi Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). The Mix method approach is applied here, where the primary data are collected from the university faculty members in order to determine the perceptions towards quality improvement initiatives in HEIs. The study revealed that HEIs in Bangladesh face a number of challenges in terms of formal quality assurance practices. The key variables brought from formal QA framework fell into six quality areas: leadership and institutional governance, curriculum, facilities, student, staff, and quality assurance process development. The study suggests that the main challenge lies with quality assurance process development to introduce formal QAA in HEIs. Existing quality status from this study shows that quality areas of student, curriculum and facilities remain above the average level of standard, but the quality areas of leadership and institutional governance, staff and quality assurance process development are below the average conditions. The findings would assist academicians to enhance quality assurance framework at national level as well as institutional level. However, the challenges the individual higher education institution would encounter to implement the formal QAA mechanism are addressed at length.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



quality education; accreditation; higher education; quality assurance; higher education institutions; Bangladesh


Alam, M., Haque, S. M., & Siddique, F. S. (2006). Private Higher Education in Bangladesh. Research Paper, International Institute for Educational Planning, 27-30.

Aminuzzaman, M. S. (2008). Quality Issues of Higher Education. URL: http://www.apqn.org/events/past/details/179/preseentations/files/qualityissuesofhighereducationinbangladsh.pdf

Andaleeb, S. S. (2003). Revitalizing Higher Education in Bangladesh: Insight from Alumni and Policy Prescriptions. Retrieved from Higher Education Policy, 16(4): http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.hep.8300036

Asaduzzaman. (2005). Accreditation Council for Higher Education in Bangladesh. Accreditation Modeling and Accrediting the Accreditors. Manila, Philippines: Asia Pacific Accreditation and Certification Commission.

Boyle, P., & Bowden, J. (1997). Educational Quality Assurance in Universities: an enhanced model. In Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education (pp. 22 (2): 111-121).

Charman, L. Z. (2006). Quality Assurance In Tertiary Education - Bangladesh Experience. World Bank Learning Seminar (p. 5). CIEP, France: World Bank.

Cheng, Y & Tam, W. (1997). Multi-models of Quality in Education. Journal of Education, 5 (1): 22-31.

DEL. (2013). Draft Education Law, Chapter 4, Higher Education, Article 4, Teacher Training of the Higher Education. Ministry of Education, Dhaka, Bangladesh www.moedu.gov.bd)

Farashuddin, M. (2013). Importance of Accreditation in Quality Enhancement in Higher Education in Bangladesh. Business and Applied Sciences Academy of North America (BAASANA) International Conference Proceedings (p. 26). New York, NY: Adelphi University, Manhattan Center.

Hoque, N., Mowla, M. M., Chowdhury, H. A., & Uddin, S. M. (2013). Quality Education in Bangladesh: A survey on private business school. Information and Knowledge management, 117-122.

INQAAHE. (2005). Guidelines Good Practice. INQAAHE.

Islam, R. M. (2008). Higher Education in Bangladesh: Diversity, Quality and Accessibility. Whither Policy Reforms in Education, Lessons and Challenges (pp. 112-119). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Unnayan Onneshan.

Lamagna, Z. C. (2006). Quality Assurance in Tertiary Education - Bangladesh Experience. World Bank Learning Seminar. CIEP, France.

Materu, P. (2007). Higher Education Quality Assurance in Sub-Sahara Africa - Status, Challenges, Opportunities and Promising Practices. Washington, D.C: World Bank working paper No. 124, Africa Region Human Development Department, The World Bank.

Momen, M., & Baniamin, H. M. (2010). Higher Education in Bangladesh: Status, Issues and Prospects. Pakistan Journal of Social Science (PJSS), Vol. 30, No. 2 , 293-305.

NEP. (2010). National Education Policy-2010, Ministry of Education, Government of People's Republic of Bangladesh.

PUA. (2010). Private University Act 2010, Article 36 & 38. In Bangladesh Gazettes (p. 7441). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Government Press.

Ryan, P. (2015). Quality assurance in higher education: A review of literature. Higher Learning Research Communications, 5(4). http://dx.doi.org/10.18870/hlrc.v5i4.257

Sarkar, H. S., Rana, S., & Zitu, A. R. (2013). Challenges of Quality Higher Education in Bangladesh: A study on Public University. Journal of Education and Practice, Vol. 4, No. 8, 151-159.

Smidt, H. (2015). European quality assurance-A European higher education area success story [overview paper]. In A. Curaj, L. Matei, R. Pricopie, J. Salmi, & P. Scott (Eds.), The European higher education area: Between critical reflections and future policies (pp. 625-637). London, UK: Springer Open. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20877-0_40

Sultan, P. M., & Tarafder, T. (2013). Critical Factors in Service Quality Measurement for Private Universities: The case of Bangladesh. Dhaka.

Tasmina, T. (2008, November 12). Determinants of Quality in Higher Education. The Hague, The

UGC. (2013). 39th Annual Report. Dhaka, Bangladesh: University Grants Commission.

UNESCO. (2005). Guidelines for Quality Provision in Cross-Border Education. Paris: UNESCO Publishing.

Villaneva, C. C. (2011). Academic Program Accreditation is a process of recognizing an educational institution processing certain standards of quality and excellence. Basic Characteristics of Accreditation. Seminar Proceedings (Expert) "Approaches foe quality needs in higher education: Bangladesh Perspective" (pp. 24-26). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP).

Vroeijenstijn, A. (1995). Improvement and Accountability: navigating between Scylla and Charybdis. Guide for external quality assessment in higher education. London: Jessica Kingsley Publications.

Wilger, A. (1997). Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Literature Review. Stanford University: National Center for Postsecondary Improvement.


  • There are currently no refbacks.





Copyright © 2015. European Journal of Education Studies (ISSN 2501 - 1111) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).