UNE APPROCHE DES REPRÉSENTATIONS DES ENFANTS DE 5 À 14 ANS SUR LA FUSION ET LA SOLIDIFICATION DU SEL \ AN APPROACH TO THE REPRESENTATIONS OF CHILDREN FROM 5 TO 14 YEARS ON THE FUSION AND SOLIDIFICATION OF SALT

Konstantinos Ravanis

Abstract


La représentation des propriétés et des phénomènes du monde physique existe dès le début de la vie, comme une donnée première de la réalité. Dans plusieurs recherches centrées sur les représentations des enfants on trouve que ces représentations jouent un rôle décisif à l’enseignement et sont souvent incompatibles au modèle scientifique. Cet article présente les résultats d’une recherche empirique sur les représentations des petits enfants  pour la fusion et la solidification du sel. L’échantillon de l'étude est composé de 359 élèves grecs de 5 à 14 ans, partagés en quatre groupes d’âge. Les données ont été recueillies dans le cadre élargi, de type ouvert, semi-structurés conversations individuelles entre d’enfants de l'échantillon et d'un chercheur. Les résultats des entretiens montrent que ces enfants utilisent différentes catégories des représentations, dominées pour la majorité par la nature de la substance que nous étudions.

The representation of the properties and phenomena of the physical world exists from the beginning of life, as a first datum of reality. In several studies focused on children's representations, we find that these representations are critical to education and are often incompatible with the scientific model. This article presents the results of an empirical research on the representations of children for melting and solidification of salt. The research sample consisted of 359 Greek students 5 to 14 years, divided into four age groups. Data were collected through expanded, open type, semi-structured individual conversations between a child of the sample and one researcher. The results of the interviews show that these children use different types of representations, the majority dominated by the nature of the substance under study.

 

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Keywords


représentations, enseignement de la physique, phénomènes thermiques, fusion, solidification / representations, teaching physics, thermal phenomena, melting, congelation

References


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