WOMEN'S TOUCH ON SPORTS SCREEN: EXAMINING THE WOMEN SPORTS PRESENTER PERCEPTION ON TV FOOTBALL SHOWS

Hamza Kaya Beşler, Arif Yüce, Hakan Katirci

Abstract


Women whose interest in sports and football increase day by day maintain their interest both as active and passive participants (Acosta and Kartepender, 2014). This interest has not been limited merely to watching sports. It has gone so far as women working professionally in the media (Performance Communications, 2016). Thus, it is believed that it will not be wrong to say that the male dominant structure in sports and the sports industry has begun to display differences with the professional participation of women in the sports media (reporter, presenter, author, editor etc.) The power of television is a fact that should be taken into consideration in the developing and changing world. Gender studies on sports media demonstrates that women sports are not taken seriously and does not get the respect it deserves in the media (Cooky, Mesner and Hextrum, 2013). Thus, the place of women in sports programmes and the perception this creates in Turkish society has become an important subject that should be studied. The aim of this study is to find out how female presenters in football programmes are perceived by viewers. For this purpose, the interview technique which is a qualitative research method has been used to get more detailed and in-depth data. The data from the interviews has been analyzed using the content analysis method and coded under appropriate themes. Research results are divided into two as positive and negative thoughts. The thoughts of the participants were evaluated in two categories as ‘the perception of women on screen and program content. The findings of the study show that the presence of women in football programmes is generally viewed positively. In addition, it can be said that women on football screen is perceived as ‘beneficial’, ‘necessary’ and ‘beautiful’.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


sports, woman sports presenter, media, sports media, football

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abercrombie, N. (1996). Television and Society. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Acosta, R. V., & Carpenter, L. J. (2014). Woman in Intercollegiate Sport: A Longitudinal, National Study. Thirty-Seven Year Update, 1977-2014. Acosta-Carpenter.

Canatan, K. (2015). Beden Sosyolojisi. İstanbul: Açılım Kitap.

Connell, R.W., & Messerschmidt, J.W. (2005). Hegemonic masculinity: Rethinking the concept. Gender & Society, 19(6), 829–859.

Cooky, C., Messner, M. A., & Hextrum, R. H. (2013). Women play sport, but not on TV: A longitudinal study of televised news media. Communication & Sport, 1(3), 203-230.

Cooky, C., Messner, M. A., & Musto, M. (2015). “It’s dude time!” A quarter century of excluding women’s sports in televised news and highlight shows. Communication & Sport, 3(3), 261-287.

Çelenk, S. (2005). Televizyon Temsil Kültür. Ankara: Ütopya Yayınevi.

Darvin, L., & Sagas, M. (2017). Objectification in Sport Media: Influences on a Future Women’s Sporting Event. International Journal of Sport Communication, 10(2), 178-195.

Dündar, S. (2010). Televizyon Haberlerinde Kadının Temsili. Erciyes İletişim Dergisi, 1(4), 91-105.

Gitlin, T. (1986). Watching television: A pantheon guide to popular culture. Pantheon.

Hardin, M. (2013). Want changes in content? Change the decision makers. Communication & Sport, 1(3), 241-245.

Habertürk (2012). Tartışma büyüyor! http://www.haberturk.com/polemik/haber/779678-tartisma-buyuyor Accessed 01 November 2017

Hartley, J. (2008). Televison Truths. Carlton: Blackwell Publishing.

Hürriyet (2012). Kadınlar futbol yorumcusu olmalı mı? http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/kadinlar-futbol-yorumcusu-olmali-mi-21556900 Accessed 01 November 2017

Jensen, L. (2015). 23 Men On How They Really Feel About Female Sports Announcers. http://thoughtcatalog.com/lorenzo-jensen-iii/2015/10/23-men-on-how-they-really-feel-about-female-sports-announcers/ Accessed 17 September 2017

Katırcı, H. (2012). Sporda Halkla İlişkiler ve Medyanın Rolü. S. Sever içinde, Spor ve Medya İlişkisi (s. 39). Eskişehir: Anadolu Üniversitesi.

Kew, F. (2003). Sport Social Problems and Issues. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Knight, T. (2012). Watching the Watchdog: The Bare Facts about "Naked News”. huffingtonpost.ca: http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/tim-knight/watching-the-watchdog-the_1_b_1496826.html Accessed January 17 2017

Koller, c., & Brandle, F. (2015). A Cultural and Social History of Modern Football. Washington: The Catholic University of America Press.

Lavoi, N. M. (2013). Gender and sport media. In Gender relations in sport (pp. 39-52). Sense Publishers.

Miles, M, B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded Sourcebook. (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Neuendorf, K. (2002). The Content Analysis Guidebook, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Özer, Ö. (2004). Yetiştirme Kuramı: Televizyonun Kültürel İşlevlerinin İncelenmesi. Anadolu Üniversitesi Yayınları.

Özsoy, S. (2008). Türk Spor Medyasında Kadın. Hacettepe Spor Bilimleri Dergisi, 19(4), 201-219.

Özsoy, S. (2014). Futbolun Sözel Hali: Televizyon Programları. Global Media Journal, 5(9), 280-302.

Patton, M.Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (3rd Ed.). London: Sage Publications, Inc.

Performance Communications (2016). https://www.fotball.no/globalassets/dommer/the-future-sports-fan_spilleregler_english.pdf Accessed 04 May 2017

Raisborough, J., & Bhatti, M. (2007). Women's leisure and auto/biography: Empowerment and resistance in the garden. Journal of leisure research, 39(3), 459.

Research Center for Social Gender and Female Studies (2016). Türkiye'de Toplumsal Cinsiyet ve Kadın Algısı Araştırması. Kayseri: Kadir Has Üniversitesi

RTÜK. (2008). Televizyonlardaki Spor Programlarını İzleme Eğilimleri Araştırması. Kamuoyu, Yayın Araştırma.

Schoch, L. (2013). ‘Feminine’writing: the effect of gender on the work of women sports journalists in the Swiss daily press. Media, Culture & Society, 35(6), 708-723.

Schultz, B. (2002). Sports Broadcasting. Woburn: Focal Press.

Strong, C. (2007). Female Journalist Shun Sports Reporting: Lack of Opportunity or lack of Attractiveness. Communication Journal of New Zealand, 7-18.

Taylor, S. J., Bogdan, R., & Devault, M. L. (2016). Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods A Guidebook and Resource. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Ünsal, B., & Ramazanoğlu, F. (2013). Spor Medyasının Toplum Üzerindeki Sosyolojik Etkisi. Eğitim ve Öğretin Araaştırmaları Degisi, 2(1), 36-46.

Von der Lippe, G. (2002). Media image: Sport, gender and national identities in five Euroferpean countries. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 37(3-4), 371-395.

Youtube (2011). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eYj7cKBERXY Accessed 07 November 2017

Ward, R. E. (2004). Are Doors Being Opened for the “Ladies” of College Sports? A Covariance Analysis. Sex Roles, 51(11), 697-708.

Whannel, G. (1995). Fields in Vision Television Sport and Cultural Transformation. London ve New York: Routledge.

Yıldrım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2013). Sosyal Bilimlerde Nitel Araştırma Yöntemleri (9 b.). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.

Zorlu, Y. (2016). Türkiye’de bir Popüler Kültür Aracı Olarak Televizyon. Akademia, 4/3, 84-98. doi: 10.17680/akademia.32859




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v0i0.1467

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Hamza Kaya Beşler, Arif Yüce, Hakan Katirci

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).