A SCRUTINY ON THE SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE LEVELS AND PURPOSES OF THE STUDENTS STUDYING IN THE FIELD OF PHYSICAL TRAINING AND SPORTS SCIENCES

Kadir Pepe

Abstract


The study has been conducted in order to determine the social media utilization levels and objectives of the students studying in the field of Physical Education and Sports Sciences. The study has been conducted in scanning model. The population of the study consisted on students studying at Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Physical Education and Sports School of Higher Education, Physical Education and Sports Teacher Training School, and Sports Management and Coaching departments. The sample group consisted of 442 individuals determined through random-selection method among those students. The data was obtained by means of a survey method in the study. Understandability, and scope validity and reliability of the survey developed were ensured. The survey’s Cronbach's Alpha reliability coefficient was found as 0,81. The surveys were conducted through the random sampling method in the sampling group by means of one-to-one discussions. Totally 442 individuals responded to the survey, 138 of whom being female and 304 male. As a statistical operation form, the data obtained, frequency (%), Chi-Square, Independent- Samples T, and Kruskal Wallis H tests were applied. In the determination of the differences, 0,05 significance level was accepted and the comments were made according to the distributions and averages of the responses given to each question. It was determined according to the data obtained that the participants reach social media in general by means of the internet connections of their mobile phones; that they provide their social network connections by Instagram, Whatsapp, and Facebook; that their period of utilization is between 2-hour and 4-hour intervals on a daily basis; and that there are statistically significant differences between the variables of gender and department of study in view of their type, period, and objectives of social media utilization at a 0,05 significance level (P<0,05). It appears that females use social media more than the males and that the teacher training department uses it more than the other departments. As a result, the participants use social media in different ways and periods in general and that their purposes of use are to get to know and meet new friends, write in the contents of social media, and shop.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI


Keywords


social media, utilization, objective, sports sciences, student

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akçay H, 2011.Kullanımlar ve doyumlar yaklaşımı bağlamında sosyal medya kullanımı. Gümüşhane üniversitesi üzerine bir araştırma, İletişim Kuram ve Araştırma Dergisi, Sayı 33, s.137-162.

Alav O, 2014. Sosyal medya’nın birey ve toplumsal yapıya etkileri. Elektronik Sosyal Bilgiler Eğitimi Dergisi, 1(1). http://esosbil.aksaray.edu.tr

Aslanyürek M, Gürdal S.A, Dursun S, Tunçel E, Ayan İzmirli M, 2015.Sosyal medya gerçeği ve meslek yüksekokulu öğrencilerinin sosyal medya algısının değerlendirilmesi. Ejovoc Electronic Journal of Vocational Colleges, Cilt 5, Sayı 6

Bozarth J, 2010. Social media for trainers. San Francisco, Pfeiffer Publish.

Dikme G, 2013. Üniversite öğrencilerinin iletişimde ve günlük hayatta sosyal medya kullanım alışkanlıkları. Kadir Has Üniversitesi Örneği, Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Kadir Has Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul.

Ergenc A, 2011. Web 2.0 ve sanal sosyalleşme. Facebook örneği. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Maltepe Üniversitesi, İstanbul.

Gunelıus S, 2011. 30 minute social media marketing. New York, McGraw Hill.

Kaplan A.M, Haenlein M, 2010. Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of social media. Business Horizons (53), 59-68.

Karasar N, 2007. Bilimsel araştırma yöntemi. Nobel Yayın Dağıtım, Ankara.

Koçer M, 2012. Erciyes Üniversitesi öğrencilerinin internet ve sosyal medya kullanım alışkanlıkları. Akdeniz İletişim Dergisi, Sayı 18, s.70-85.

Laird T, 2014. Using social media in education for classroom teaching, student learning, and educator professional development. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Projesi. (Unpublished Master Project). Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

Lenhart A, Purcell K, Smıth A, Zıckuhr K, 2010. Social media and mobile internet use among teens and young adults. Pew Internet and American Life Project: Washington DC.

Lenhart A, 2013. Young adults, mobile phones and social media. Technology And The Transition To Adulthood, Health, Safety & Well-Being of Young Adults Symposium, May 7. http://pewinternet.org/Presentations/2013/May/Young-Adults-Mobile-Phones-and-Social-Media.aspx (Erişim Tarihi: 14.10.2017).

Lıetsala K, Sirkkunen E, 2008. Social media, Introduction to the tools and processes of participatory economy. Tampere, Finlandiya: Tampere University Press.

Lorlu F, 2015. Örneklerle veri analizi spss uygulamalı, Detay yayıncılık, Ankara.

Murray C, 2008.Schools and social networking: Fear or education? Synergy Perspectives, Local, 6 (1), 8-12.

Otrar M, Argın S, 2014.Öğrencilerin sosyal medyaya ilişkin tutumlarının kullanım alışkanlıkları bağlamında incelenmesi, Eğitim ve Öğretim Araştırmaları Dergisi, Ağustos 2014 Cilt:3 Sayı:3

Özdamar K, 2002. Paket programlar ile istatistiksel veri analizi. Kaan yayınları, 4. Baskı, Eskişehir.

Pempek Tiffany A, Yermolayeva Yevdokiya A, Calvert Sandra L, 2009. College students' social networking experiences on Facebook. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 227–238.

Rao A.V, Shalini P, 2013. Social media and its impact on generation next. International Journal of Logistics & Supply Chain Management Perspectives, 2 (4), 647-654.

Sönmez B, 2013. Sosyal medya ve ortaöğretim öğretmenlerinin facebook kullanım alışkanlıkları. Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Akdeniz Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Antalya.

Subrahmanyam K, Reich S.M, Waechter N, Espinoza G, 2008. Online and offline social networks, Use of social networking sites by emerging adults. Journal of Applied Develop Mental Psychology, 29, s.420-433.

Tham A, Croy G, Maır J, 2013. “Social Media in Destination Choice: Distinctive Electronic Word-Of-Mouth Dimensions”, Journal of Travel and Tourism Marketing, 30, 144-155.

Vural Z.B.A,Bat M, 2010. Yeni Bir İletişim Ortamı Olarak Sosyal Medya: Ege Universitesi İletişim Fakultesine yönelik bir araştırma. Journal of Yaşar University, 20(5), 3348-33


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Kadir Pepe

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).