THE EFFECTS OF A 6-MONTHS PROPRIOCEPTION TRAINING PROGRAM ON AGILITY IN YOUNG FOOTBALL PLAYERS

Dritan Adili, Dhimitraq Skenderi

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to determine if proprioceptive training can be effective to improve male football players’ agility (Christou et al, 2006). Sixty-two students (17 ± 0.3 yrs) of the “Drita” high school (Kichevo, Republic of Macedonia) were recruited for this study and divided in two sub-groups [control (CG) and experimental (EXG)] to be involved in a pre- and post- training measurement design. All participants were football players and were attending a period of six months of football training planned with three 45-minute weekly sessions. In particular the CG (N=31) followed a standard (physical, technical and tactical) football program, while the EXG (N=31) was also exposed to specific proprioceptive drills. The effects of a proprioceptive program, if any, were assessed by means of two specific agility tests: 505 Agility Test (505AT) and Illinois Agility Test (IAT) without the ball. The analysis of pre and post 505 AT and IAT performances were carried out by means of ANOVA with repeated measures. The result of the initial state at the 505 AT test in the controlled group is 2.9110, whereas the final result has the value of 2.6926. On the other hand, in the experimental group, the value of the initial state of the same test is 2.8955 sec and after the 6-months training program, the result is improved and is worth 2.5658 sec. The results revealed a significant difference between pre and post measures in 505 AT (p<0.05). The result of the initial state at the IAT test in the control group is 17.5032 sec whereas the final result has the value 16.0381sec. On the other hand, in the experimental group, the value of the initial state of the same test is 18.1761 sec and after the 6-months training program, the result is improved and is worth 16.3803 sec. The results revealed a significant difference between pre and post measures in IAT (p<0.05). The two football players sub-groups involved in this study undertook two specific agility tests (505 AT and Illinois Agility Test without the ball). The results showed a positive effect of specific proprioceptive training to improve the young football players’ agility abilities. Regarding the AT 505 test, the experimental group compared to the control group, at the initial state as well as the final condition, had better results. The improvement of results after the completion of the 6-months program is evident in the experimental group. But at the IAT test in both states the control group has somewhat better results compared to the experimental group. Yet the improvement of the result is evident at the experimental group after the application of the 6 months proprioceptive training program, compared to the control group.

 

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proprioception training, agility, young football players

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v0i0.1716

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