Mohammad Ahsan, Arif Mohammad


Warm-up helps the individual to prepare themselves for the strenuous workout. Warm-up is generally executed prior participation in any physical activity or sports. Active warm-up includes low-intensity exercises, whereas passive warm-up includes external heat resources that are useful to enhance body temperature. The objective of the study was to compare the effect of active, passive and combined warm-up techniques on dynamic balance and muscular strength of the players belonging to hand dominated sports such as handball, volleyball, and basketball. To fulfill the objective 15 players of hand dominated sports were recruited as the sample further they were divided into 3 groups i.e. active, passive and combined comprising 5 players each on a random basis. The average chronological age, stature height, and body weight of the subjects were 26.5 ± 5.7 years, 172.4 ± 3.4 cm, and 68.7 ± 5.6 kg, respectively. For dynamic balance, the equilibrium management test was administered by stabilometer (Techno-Body Machine). The test was done with open and closed eyes, with two stability level i.e. 10 & 20. An isokinetic dynamometer (BIODEX) was used to measure muscle strength. The test was started as participant performed 5 repetitions of CON/CON at low speed of 60/60 0/sec. and by a high speed of 180/180 0/sec. Before taking data on dynamic balance and muscular strength, all 3 groups were given different warm-up techniques which technique was assign to their group. The obtained data were statistically analyzed by using IBM SPSS v.20 software. Descriptive statistic and one-way ANOVA were computed. The results revealed there is no significant difference in any warm-up method on muscular strength as well as on dynamic stability.


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dynamic stability, muscular strength, active warm-up, passive warm-up, combined warm-up

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v0i0.2004


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