EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT WARM-UP TECHNIQUES ON DYNAMIC BALANCE AND MUSCULAR STRENGTH ON PLAYERS: A STUDY

Mohammad Ahsan, Arif Mohammad

Abstract


Warm-up helps the individual to prepare themselves for the strenuous workout. Warm-up is generally executed prior participation in any physical activity or sports. Active warm-up includes low-intensity exercises, whereas passive warm-up includes external heat resources that are useful to enhance body temperature. The objective of the study was to compare the effect of active, passive and combined warm-up techniques on dynamic balance and muscular strength of the players belonging to hand dominated sports such as handball, volleyball, and basketball. To fulfill the objective 15 players of hand dominated sports were recruited as the sample further they were divided into 3 groups i.e. active, passive and combined comprising 5 players each on a random basis. The average chronological age, stature height, and body weight of the subjects were 26.5 ± 5.7 years, 172.4 ± 3.4 cm, and 68.7 ± 5.6 kg, respectively. For dynamic balance, the equilibrium management test was administered by stabilometer (Techno-Body Machine). The test was done with open and closed eyes, with two stability level i.e. 10 & 20. An isokinetic dynamometer (BIODEX) was used to measure muscle strength. The test was started as participant performed 5 repetitions of CON/CON at low speed of 60/60 0/sec. and by a high speed of 180/180 0/sec. Before taking data on dynamic balance and muscular strength, all 3 groups were given different warm-up techniques which technique was assign to their group. The obtained data were statistically analyzed by using IBM SPSS v.20 software. Descriptive statistic and one-way ANOVA were computed. The results revealed there is no significant difference in any warm-up method on muscular strength as well as on dynamic stability.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


dynamic stability, muscular strength, active warm-up, passive warm-up, combined warm-up

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andrade, D. C., Henriquez–Olguín, C., Beltran, A. R., Ramirez, M. A., Labarca, C., Cornejo, M., …… & Ramirez-Campillo, R. (2015). Effects of general, specific and combined warm-up on explosive muscular performance. Biology of Sports, 32(2), 123-128.

Asmussen, E. & Bonde-Petersen, F. (1974). Storage of elastic energy in skeletal muscles in man. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 91(3), 385-392.

Ayala, F., Calderon-Lopez, A., DelgadoGosalbez, J. C., Parra-Sanchez, S., Pomares- Noguera, C., Hernandez-Sanchez, S., ….. & Croix, M. D. S. (2017). Acute effects of three neuromuscular warm-up strategies on several physical performance measures in football players. PLoS ONE 12(1), e0169660.

Baechle, T. R. & Earle, R. W. (2016). Essentials of strength and conditioning (4th). Human Kinetics: Champaign.

Bergh, U. & Ekblom, B. (1979). Physical performance and peak aerobic power at different body temperatures. Journal of Applied Physiology, 46(5), 885-889.

Bishop, D., (2003). Warm up II: Performance changes following active warm up and how to structure the warm up. Journal of Sports Medicine, 46, 885-889.

Carmeli, E., Kessel, S., & Coleman, R., (2002). Effects of a treadmill walking program on muscle strength and balance in elderly people with Down syndrome. The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 57, M106-M110.

Chatzopoulos, D. E., Michailidis, C. J., Giannakos, A. K., Alexiou, K. C., Patikas, D. A., Antonopoulos, C. B., & Kotzamanidis, C. M. (2007). Postactivation potentiation effects after heavy resistance exercise on running speed. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(4), 1278-1281.

Church, J. B., Wiggins, M. S., Moode, F. M., & Crist, R. (2001). Effect of warm-up and flexibility treatments on vertical jump performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 15, 332-336.

Curry, B. S., Chengkalath, D., Crouch, G. J., Romance, M., & Manns, P. J. (2009). Acute effects of dynamic stretching, static stretching and light aerobic activity on muscular performance in women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(6), 1811-1819.

Daneshjoo, A., Mokhtar, A. H., Rahnama, N., & Yusof, A. (2012). The effects of comprehensive warm-up programs on proprioception, static and dynamic balance on male soccer players. PLoS ONE 7(12), e51568.

Edouard, P., Arnal, P., Gimenez, P., Samozino, P., Jimenez-Reyes, P., Brughelli, M., …… & Morin, J. (2016). Athletic injury prevention: Determinants of sprint performance. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 59S, e22-e23.

Erkut, O., Gelen, E., & Sunar, C. (2017). Acute effects of different warm-up methods on dynamic balance. International Journal of Sports Science, 7(3), 99-104.

Faigenbaum, A. D., Bellucci, M., Bernieri, A., Bakker, B., & Hoorens, K. (2005). Acute effects of different warm-up protocols on fitness performances in children. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(2), 376-381.

Fletcher, I. M. & Monte-Colombo, M. M. (2010). An investigation into the effects of different warm-up modalities on specific motor skills related to soccer performance. Journal of Strength Conditioning Research, 24(8), 2096-2101.

Gogte, K., Srivastav, P., & Miyaru, G. B. (2017). Effects of passive, active and combined warm up on lower limb muscle performance. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 11(3), 5-8.

Gregson, W., Drust, B., Batterham, A., & Cable, N. (2005). The influence of pre-warming on the physiological responses to prolonged intermittent exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 23(5), 455-464.

Grodjinovsky, A. & Magel, J. R. (1970). Effect of warming-up on running performance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport 41(1), 526-533.

Grose, J. E. (1958). Depression of muscle fatigue curves by heat and cold. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 29, 19-31

Gullich, A. & Schmidtbleicher, D. (1996). MVC-induced short-term potentiation of explosive force. New Studies in Athletics, 11(4), 67-81.

Holmstrom, E. & Ahlborg, B. (2005). Morning warming-up exercise-effects on musculoskeletal fitness in construction workers. Applied Ergonomics, 36, 513-519.

Hrysomallis, C. (2011). Balance ability and athletic performance. Journal of Sports Medicine, 41(3), 221-232.

Judge, J. O., Lindsey, C., Underwood, M., & Winsemius, D. (1993). Balance improvements in older women: effects of exercise training. Physical Therapy, 73, 254-262.

Kar, S. & Banerjee, A. (2013). Influence of active & passive warming up on the motor performance of the athletes, Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 10(6), 14-21.

Leavey, V., Sandrey, M., & Dahmer, G. (2010). Comparative effects of 6-week balance, gluteus medius strength, and combined programs on dynamic postural control. Journal of Sports Rehabilitation, 19, 268-287.

Leon, C., Oh, H-J, & Rana, S. (2012). A purposeful dynamic stretching routine. Strategies, 25(51), 16-19.

McGowan, C. J., Pyne, D. B., Thompson, K. G., & Rattray, B. (2015). Warm- up strategies for sport and exercise: Mechanisms and applications. Journal of Sports Medicine, 45, 1523-1546.

McKenna, M. J., Green, R. A., Shaw, P. F., & Meyer, M. (1987). Tests of anaerobic power and capacity. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine, 19, 13-17.

Morales-Artacho, A. J., Lacourpaille, L., & Guilhem, G. (2017). Effects of warm-up on hamstring muscles stiffness: Cycling vs foam rolling. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 27(12), 1959-1969.

Neiva, H. P., Marques, M. C., Fernandes, R. J., Viana, J. L., Barbosa, T. M., & Marinho, D. A. (2014). Does warm-up have a beneficial effect on 100-m freestyle? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 9(1), 145-150.

Nejati, N., Balarin, G. B., Gonzolas, A., & Neal, J. (2015). Acute effects of dynamic and static stretching during warm-up on balance and agility for untrained adults. In Proceedings: 11th Annual Symposium on Graduate Research and Scholarly Projects. Wichita, KS: Wichita State University, p. 58

Opar, D. A. & Serpell, B. G. (2014). Is there a potential relationship between prior hamstring strain injury and increased risk for future anterior cruciate ligament injury? Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(2), 401-405.

Ozengin, N., Yildirim, N. U., Baltac, G., & Masiulis, N. (2011). Acute effects of different stretching durations on vertical jump performance in rhythmic gymnasts. Ugdymaskunokultura, 82(3), 16-22.

Proske, U., Morgan, D. L., & Gregory, J. E. (1993). Thixotropy in skeletal muscle spindles: A review. ProgNeurobiol, 41, 705-721.

Romero-Franco, N, (2014). Warm-up on postural stability. Annals of Sports Medicine and Research, 1, 1001-1005.

Thompson, H. (1958). Effect of warm-up upon physical performance in selected activities. Research Quarterly, 29(2), 231-246.

Woods, K., Bishop, P., & Jones, E. (2007). Warm-up and stretching in the prevention of muscular injury. Journal of Sports Medicine, 37(12), 1089-1099.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Mohammad Ahsan, Arif Mohammad

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).