ASSESSMENT OF LEAN BODY TISSUE COMPOSITION IN YOUNG ELITE MALE PLAYERS OF DIFFERENT SPORTS

Abhishek Bandyopadhyay, S. K. Dey, Gouriprosad Datta

Abstract


Purpose: The present study was aimed to investigate the characteristics of lean body tissue composition in a group of young (mean age 16.7 ± 2.31 yrs) male athletes of different sports and the effect of sports specific physical activity on body tissue composition. Methods: Three hundred forty two (n= 342) male players of different sports viz., football, hockey, table tennis and badminton along with seventy two (n=72) sedentary school boys were also evaluated for various anthropometric and body composition parameters. Body composition including, body fat % (BF %), fat free mass (FFM), body cell mass (BCM) and extra cellular mass (ECM) was determined by whole body bio impedance measurements using a multi-frequency analyzer (Maltron Bioscan 920-2, Maltron International, Rayleigh, Essex, UK). Relative BCM, BCM Index (BCMI) and the ECM /BCM ratio were also calculated. Results: One-way ANOVA reveals significant differences (p<0.01) in BF%, FFM, BCM and ECM when compared among the group. BCM% related to body weight was also differed significantly (p<0.01) and found highest value in hockey players and lowest value in control group followed by the table tennis players. However, only significant difference was observed in case of BCMI when table tennis players were compared to their badminton counterparts. Scatter plot of BMI and BCMI predicted that both soccer and hockey players had greater lean mass variations whereas table tennis players exhibited lower lean mass variations. Conclusions: Differences in BCM, relative BCM, ECM/BCM, BCM/FFM and BCMI could be the potential indicators for the evaluation of qualitative and quantitative alterations in imposed training load of the athletes from different sports. The findings of present study may be useful to the players and their trainers to formulate the systematic training programme to enhance the sports performance.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


body composition, extra cellular mass, body cell mass, body cell mass index, young Indian athletes, bioelectrical impedance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arden N.K., Spector T.D. (1997). Genetic influences on muscle strength, lean body mass, and bone mineral density: a twin study. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 12(12): 2076–2081. doi: 10.1359/jbmr.1997.12.12.2076.

Ellis, K.J. (2000). Human body composition: in vivo methods. Physiological Reviews, 80(2): 649 –668.

Randáková R. (2005). Effect of regular training on body composition and physical performance in young cross-country skiers: as compared with normal controls. Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 35(1): 17–35.

Melchiorri G., Monteleon G., Andreoli A., Callà C., Sgroi M., De Lorenzo A. (2007). Body cell mass measured by bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy in professional football (soccer) players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 47(4): 408-412.

Andreoli A., Melchiorri G., Brozzi M., Di Marco A., Volpe S.L., Garofano P., Di Daniele N., De Lorenzo A. (2003). Effect of different sports on body cell mass in highly trained athletes. Acta Diabetologica, 40(1): S122–S125. doi: 10.1007/s00592-003-0043-9.

Talluri T. (1998). Qualitative human body composition analysis assessed with bioelectrical impedance. Collegium Antropologicum, 22(2): 427–432.

Malý T., Malá L., Zahálka F., Baláš J., Čada M. (2011). Comparison of body composition between two elite womenʼs volleyball teams. Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 41(1): 15-22. doi: 10.5507/ag.2011.002.

Clarion A., Ribbe E., Rebeyrol J., Rousseaux-Blanchi M., Dechavanne C., Moreno M. (2013). Bio-impedance body composition comparisons between athletes and healthy subjects. Journal of Physics, Conference Series, Volume 434, conference 1. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/434/1/012064.

Burdukiewicz A., Chmura J., Pietraszewska J., Andrzejewska J., Stachoń A., Nosal J. (2013). Characteristics of body tissue composition and functional traits in junior football players. Human Movement, 14(2): 96– 101. doi: 10.2478/humo-2013-0010.

Dey S.K., Bandyopadhyay A., Jana S., Chatterjee (Nee Karmakar) S. (2015). Assessment of body cell mass in Indian junior elite players (male) of different sports using bioelectrical impedance analysis method. Medicina Sportiva, 11(2): 2533-2540.

SAI. (1992). Spotting and Nurturing of Sport Talent. Sports Authority of India National Sports Talent Contest Scheme. Appendix D, pp. 110-116.

Maltron International. (1999). Maltron Bioscan 920-2 operating and service manual. Pp. 8-30.

Heyward V.H., Stolarczyk L.M. (1996). Applied body composition assessment. Human Kinetics. Champaign, IL, USA.

Mittchel J.H., Haskell W.L., Raven P.B. (1994). Classification of sports. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 26(10-supplement): 242-245.

Deurenberg P., Tagliabue A., Schouten F.J.M. (1995). Multi-frequency impedance for the prediction of extracellular water and total body water. British Journal of Nutrition, 73(3): 349–358. doi: 10.1079/BJN19950038.

Data Input. (2004). Manual Nutri 4 - multifrequency software for the determination of body water, body composition and nutritional status. Instructions for use. Frankfurt am Main: DataInput GmBH,.

Malá L., Malý T., Záhalka F., Bunc V. (2010). The profile and comparison of body composition of elite female volleyball players. Kinesiology, 42(1): 90-97.

Bunc V. (2006). Body composition as a determining factor in the aerobic fitness and physical performance of Czech children. Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Gymnica, 36(4): 39–45.

Malá L., Malý T., Zahálka F. (2014). The quality of active mass and segmental fluids body distribution in young elite soccer players. Sport Science, 7 (2): 94‐100.

Dörhöfer R.P., Pirlich M. (2007). Das BIA – Kompendium, III. Darmstadt: Data Input GmbH.

Talluri A., Liedtke R., Mohamed E.I., Maiolo C., Martinoli R., De Lorenzo A. (2003). The application of body cell mass index for studying muscle mass changes in health and disease conditions. Acta Diabetologica, 40(1), S286– S289. doi: 10.1007/s00592-003-0088-9.

Wells J.C.K., Williams J.E., Chomtho S., Darch T., Grijalva-Eternod C., Kennedy K., Haroun D., Wilson C., Cole T.J., Fewtrell M.S. (2010). Pediatric reference data for lean tissue properties: Density and hydration from age 5 to 20 y. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 91(3): 610–618. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.28428.

De Lorenzo A., Andreoli A., Matthie J., Withers P. (1997). Predicting body cell mass with bioimpedance by using theoretical methods: a technological review. Journal of Applied Physiology, 82(5): 1542–1558.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Abhishek Bandyopadhyay, S. K. Dey, Gouriprosad Datta

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).