EPIDEMIOLOGY OF LOWER LIMB INJURIES IN UNIVERSITY LEVEL FOOTBALL AND HOCKEY PLAYERS OF PUNJAB, INDIA

S. Sarika, Umesh Kumar Maurya, Shweta Shenoy

Abstract


The aim of the study was to find out the effects of epidemiology of lower limb injuries in university level football and hockey players of Punjab aged between 18 to 25 years. The sampling of this study confined to a group of 129 hockey players and 147 football players, (total 276 players) belonging to the state of Punjab. A thorough review of literature was done to develop a questionnaire on the basis of demographic data, predisposing factors, training profiles and extent of injury. Since the questionnaire was originally in English and local language so players were interviewed personally. Mean, standard deviation and percentile were calculated. Statistical significance was set up at p value ≤0.05. This study illustrates that ankle & foot were most affected sites (34.0% football, 36.4% hockey), the most common injuries were sprains (59.2% football, 48.8% hockey), strains (25.9% football, 29.5% hockey) and extent of injury was commonly moderate (51.7% football, 56.6% hockey). This study might be helpful for the players as well as trainers, coaches to formulate effective and appropriate training protocols with minimal risk of injuries.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


survey, questionnaire, lower limb injuries, football players, hockey players

Full Text:

PDF

References


A., Grimm K., Kirkendall D. (2007) Medical report from the 2006 FIFA World Cup Germany. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41, 578-581.

Agel, J., Dompier, T. P., Dick, R., & Marshall, S. W. (2007). Descriptive epidemiology of collegiate men's ice hockey injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988-1989 through 2003-2004. Journal of athletic training, 42(2), 241.

Alfredson, H., Soderman, K., Werner, S., Pietila, T., Engstrom, B., (2000). Balance board training: prevention of traumatic injuries of the lower extremities in female soccer players? Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy, 8(6), 356-363.

Arnason, A., Gudmundsson, A., Dahl, H. A., & Johannsson, E. (1996). Soccer injuries in Iceland. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports, 6(1), 40-45.

Dick, R., Hootman, J. M., Agel, J., & Vela, L. (2007). Descriptive epidemiology of collegiate women's field hockey injuries: National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System, 1988-1989 through 2002-2003. Journal of athletic training, 42(2), 211.

Fong, D. T. P., Hong, Y., Chan, L. K., Yung, P. S. H., & Chan, K. M. (2007). A systematic review on ankle injury and ankle sprain in sports. Sports medicine, 37(1), 73-94.

Fox N. (1981). Risk in field hockey. In: Sports fitness and sports injuries. T. Reilly (Ed.) Boston: Faber and Faber; pp.112-7.

Garrick J. G. (1977). The frequency of injury, mechanism of injury and epidemiology of ankle sprain. American Journal of Sports Medicine; 1977; 5: 241-2 doi. 10.1177/036354657700500606

Giza E., Micheli L. J. (2005). Soccer Injuries. Medical Sports Science. 140-169. doi: 10.1159/000085395

Hoff J. (2005). Training and testing physical capacities for elite soccer players. Journals of Sports Science, 23(6), 573-582. doi: 10.1080/02640410400021252.

Hootman, J. M., Dick, R., & Agel, J. (2007). Epidemiology of collegiate injuries for 15 sports: summary and recommendations for injury prevention initiatives. Journal of athletic training, 42(2), 311.

Kerstin Soderman, Hakan Alfredson, Tom Pietila, Suzanne Werner., (2001). Risk factors for leg injuries in female soccer players: a prospective investigation during one out-door season. Knee Surg, Sports Traumatol, Arthrosc; 9: 313–321. doi. 10.1007/001670100228.

Kibler, W. B. (1993). Injuries in adolescent and preadolescent soccer players. Medical Sciences Sports Exercise, 25, 1330-1332.

Kumar, S. S., Jadhav, K. G., & Pagare, S. (2008). A pilot study examining injuries in relation to field position of competitive football players. Journal of Exercise Science and Physiotherapy, 4(1), 50.

Michelle R. Devan, Linda S. Pescatell, Pouran Faghri, Jeffrey Anderson ., (2004). A prospective study of overuse knee injuries among female athletes with muscle imbalances and structural abnormalities. Journal of Athletic Training, 2004; 39(3):263-267.

Mohammad Hassabi, Seyed Mohammad-Javad Mortazavi, Mohammad-Reza Giti, Majid Hassabi, Mohammad-Ali Mansournia, Sara Shapouran, (2010). Injury profile of a professional soccer team in the premier league of Iran. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol1 (No4); 201-208.

Murtaugh, K. (2001). Injury patterns among female field hockey players. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 33(2), 201-207.

Rose C. P. (1981). Injuries in women’s field hockey: a four year study. The Physician and Sports Medicine; 9(3): 97-100.

S. Schmidt–Olsen, L. K. H. Bunemann, V. Lade, J. O. K. Brassoe (1985). Soccer injuries of youth. Brit. J. Sports Med. 1985, 19: 161-164. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.19.3.161.

Stubbe, J. H., van Beijsterveldt, A. M. M., van der Knaap, S., Stege, J., Verhagen, E. A., Van Mechelen, W., &Backx, F. J. (2015). Injuries in professional male soccer players in the Netherlands: a prospective cohort study. Journal of athletic training, 50(2), 211-216.

Torg J. (1982). Ankle and foot problems in the athlete. Clinical Sports Medicine; 1: 77-84.

Turbeville, S. D., Cowan, L. D., Owen, W. L., Asal, N. R., & Anderson, M. A. (2003). Risk factors for injury in high school football players. The American journal of sports medicine, 31(6), 974-980.

Waston, A. (1993). Incidence and nature of sports injuries in Ireland. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 21:137-143.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 S. Sarika, Umesh Kumar Maurya, Shweta Shenoy

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).