CHRONIC EFFECT OF INSPIRATORY MUSCLE TRAINING TO MAXIMAL EXPIRATORY PRESSURE IN SEDENTARY HEALTHY BOYS

Saadet Öztütüncü, Mustafa Özdal

Abstract


The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of inspiratory muscle training on maximal expiratory pressure (MEP) in healthy sedentary boys. For this purpose, 20 healthy sedentary boys aged 12 years were randomly assigned to two groups as inspiratory muscle training group (IMT, n = 10) and control group (CG, n = 10) who did not perform any training. 30x2 breath exercises were performed as inspiratory muscle training for 4 weeks and 3 days a week for 40% maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP). The MEP test was applied to all subjects 1 day before and after 4 weeks. The data were analyzed in SPSS 22.0 program. The mean of the percentage change with 2x2 mixed factor ANOVA and LSD correction tests were investigated with Mann Whitney U test. As a result of the statistical analysis, a significant difference was found between the IMT pre-and post-test results at the MEP value (p <0.05). In addition, it was observed that IMT showed a significant increase when compared to CG (p <0.05). In conclusion, it can be said that inspiratory muscle training affects the maximal expiratory pressure positively in healthy sedentary boys.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


respiratory, pulmonary, children, training, mouth pressure

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alpert J. S., Bass H., Szucs M. M., Banas J. S., Dalen J. E., Dexter L. Effects of physical training on hemodynamics and pulmonary function at rest and during exercise in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Chest. 1974;66(6):647-51.

Barğı G., Güçlü M. B., Arıbaş Z., Akı Ş. Z., Sucak G.T. Inspiratory muscle training in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients: a randomized controlled trial. Supportive Care in Cancer. 2016;24(2):647-59.

Bilgiç M., Pancar Z., Şahin F. B., Özdal M. Sedanter Çocuklarda İki Farklı Anaerobik Güç Testi Arasındaki Korelasyonun İncelenmesi. Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi. 2016;1(2):40-8.

Bostanci Ö., Mayda H., Yılmaz C., Kabadayı M., Yılmaz A. K., Özdal M. Inspiratory muscle training improves pulmonary functions and respiratory muscle strength in healthy male smokers. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. 2019;264:28-32.

Dunham C., Harms C. A. Effects of high-intensity interval training on pulmonary function. European journal of applied physiology. 2012;112(8):3061-8.

Farid R., Azad F. J., Atri A. E., Rahimi M. B., Khaledan A., Talaei-Khoei M., Ghafari J., Ghasemi R. Effect of aerobic exercise training on pulmonary function and tolerance of activity in asthmatic patients. Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. 2005:133-8.

Fox E. L., Bowers R. W., Foss M. L. The Physiological Basis of Physical Education and Athletics. 2012.

Geddes, E., L., O’Brien, K., Reid, D., W., Brooks, D., Crowe, J. Inspiratory muscle training in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: An update of a systematic review. Respiratory Medicine. 2008; 102, 1715-1729.

Gosselink R., Kovacs L., Ketelaer P., Carton H., Decramer M. Respiratory muscle weakness and respiratory muscle training in severely disabled multiple sclerosis patients. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2000;81(6):747-51.

Harver A., Mahler D. A., Daubenspeck J. A. Targeted inspiratory muscle training improves respiratory muscle function and reduces dyspnea in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1989;111(2):117-24.

Nourry C., Deruelle F., Guinhouya C., Baquet G., Fabre C., Bart F., Berthoin S., Mucci P. High-intensity intermittent running training improves pulmonary function and alters exercise breathing pattern in children. European journal of applied physiology. 2005;94(4):415-23.

Özdal M., Bostanci Ö. Influence of inspiratory muscle warm-up on aerobic performance during incremental exercise. Isokinetics and Exercise Science. 2018;26(3):167-173.

Özdal M., Mayda H. M., Bostancı O. Respiratory muscle training and athletic performance. EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, 2017b. 2017;5(4):164-6.

Özdal M. Acute effects of aerobic and two different anaerobic exercises on respiratory muscle strength of well-trained men. European Journal of Sport and Exercise Science. 2015;4(4):7-12.

Özdal M. Acute effects of inspiratory muscle warm-up on pulmonary function in healthy subjects. Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology. 2016;227:23-6.

Santos M. L. M., Rosa B. D., Ferreira C. R., Medeiros A. A., Batiston A. P. Maximal respiratory pressures in healthy boys who practice swimming or indoor soccer and in healthy sedentary boys. Physiother Theory Pract. 2012;28(1):26-31.

Sawyer E. H., Clanton T. L. Improved pulmonary function and exercise tolerance with inspiratory muscle conditioning in children with cystic fibrosis. Chest. 1993;104(5):1490-7.

Yilmaz Ö. F., Özdal M. Acute, chronic, and combined pulmonary responses to swimming in competitive swimmers. Respiratory physiology & neurobiology. 2019;259:129-35.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Saadet Öztütüncü, Mustafa Özdal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).