A STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF TRAIT AND STATE ANXIETY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF ARCHERS

Sharnpreet Kaur, Shweta Shenoy

Abstract


The main objective of the study to analysis the effect of anxiety on performance of archers and specially the study was aimed at exploring the relationship of both trait and state anxiety. 80 subjects were taken, 34 female(42.5%) and 46 male(57.5%) and questionnaire were filled by researcher after subjects give consent for same. Competitive state anxiety inventory-2 and state trait anxiety scale were used to assess the state and trait anxiety respectively. To performance FITA round score of archers was used. Result of the study observed a significant negative correlation of trait anxiety and somatic component of CSAI-2 with the performance of archers(p<0.01). Among each other these parameter show positive relation indications. On the other side the increase the age improves the overall scoring and confidence component of the state competitive anxiety scale also shows significant positive correlation with the performance of the players.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


archers, trait anxiety, state anxiety, performance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baumeister, R. F. (1984). Choking under pressure: Self-consciousness and paradoxical effects on incentives on skillful performance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 610–620.

Bebetsos, E., & Antoniou, P. (2003). Psychological skills of Greek badminton athletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 97(3_suppl), 1289-1296.

Beilock, S. L., & Carr, T. H. (2001). On the fragility of skilled performance: What governs choking under pressure? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 701–725.

Broadhurst, P. L. (1957). Emotionality and the Yerkes-Dodson law. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 54, 345-352.

Causer, J., Holmes, P. S., Smith, N. C., & Williams, A. M. (2011). Anxiety, movement kinematics, and visual attention in elite-level performers. Emotion, 11(3), 595.

Cox, R. H. (1998). Sport psychology: Concepts and applications (No. Ed. 4). McGraw-Hill.

Goudas, M., Theodorakis, Y., & Karamousalidis, G. (1998). Psychological skills in basketball: Preliminary study for development of a Greek form of the Athletic Coping Skills Inventory-28. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 86(1), 59-65.

Griffin, M. R. (1971). An Analysis of State and Trait Anxiety Experienced in Sports Competition by Women at Different Age Levels.

Hardy, L. (1996) A test of catastrophe models of anxiety and sports performance against multidimensional anxiety theory models using the method of dynamic differences. Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal, 9, 69-86.

Hebb, D. O. (1955). Drives and the CNS (Conceptual Nervous System). Psychological Review, 62, 243-254

Humara, M. (1999). The relationship between anxiety and performance: A cognitive-behavioral perspective. Athletic Insight, 1(2), 1-14.

Jones, G. (1995). More than just a game: Research developments and issues in competitive anxiety in sport. British journal of psychology, 86(4), 449-478.

Jones, G., & Hanton, S. (2001). Pre-competitive feeling states and directional anxiety interpretations. Journal of sports sciences, 19(6), 385-395.

Jones, G., & Swain, A. (1992). Intensity and direction as dimensions of competitive state anxiety and relationships with competitiveness. Perceptual and motor skills, 74(2), 467-472.

Jones, G., Swain, A., & Cale, A. (1991). Genier differences in precompetition temporal fattening ami antecedents of anxiety and self-confidence. Journal of Sport and Exercise psychology, 13(1), 1-15.

Jones, G., Swain, A., & Hardy, L. (1993). Intensity and direction dimensions of competitive state anxiety and relationships with performance. Journal of sports sciences, 11(6), 525-532.

Khan, M. K., Khan, A., Khan, S. U., & Khan, S. Effects of Anxiety on Athletic Performance.

Kirby, R. J., & Liu, J. (1999) Precompetition anxiety in Chinese athletes. Perceptual and Motor Skills. 88, 297-303

Kumar, V., Singh, A., Sandhu, J. S., Gupta, N., & Pandey, R. M. (2017). Comparative study of sports competition anxiety among contact and non-contact sports persons.

Lee, K. (2009). Evaluation of attention and relaxation levels of archers in shooting process using brain wave signal analysis algorithms. Sci Sensitivity, 12(3), 341-350.

Lewis, B. P., & Linder, D. E. (1997). Thinking about choking? Attentional processes and paradoxical performance. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 937–944.

Longo, A. F., Siffredi, C. R., Cardey, M. L., Aquilino, G. D., & Lentini, N. A. (2016). Age of peak performance in Olympic sports: A comparative research among disciplines. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 11(1), 31-41.

Martens, R., Vealey, R. S., & Burton, D. (1990). Competitive anxiety in sport. Human kinetics.

Martin, K. A., & Hall, C. R. (1997). Situational and intrapersonal moderators of sport competition state anxiety. Journal of Sport Behavior, 20, 435-446.

Martin, K. A., & Hall, C. R. (1997). Situational and intrapersonal moderators of sport competition state anxiety. Journal of Sport Behavior, 20(4), 435.

Masters, R. S. W. (1992). Knowledge, knerves and know-how: The role of explicit versus implicit knowledge in the breakdown of a complex motor skill under pressure. British Journal of Psychology, 83, 343–358.

Musa, R. M., Abdullah, M. R., Juahir, H., Maliki, A. B. H. M., Mat-Rasid, S. M., Kosni, N. A., ... & Eswaramoorthi, V. (2018). A multidimensional analysis of physiological and mechanical variables among archers of different levels of expertise. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, 10(1S), 18-32.

Parnabas, V. (2015). The Level of Competitive State Anxiety and Sport Performance among Hockey Players.

Robazza, C., & Bortoli, L. (1998). Mental preparation strategies of Olympic archers during competition: An exploratory investigation. High Ability Studies, 9(2), 219-235.

Ruis, S., & Stevenson, C. (2004). Precision archery. Human Kinetics.

Schwenkmezger, P., & Steffgen, G. (1989). Anxiety and motor performance. In Normalities and abnormalities in human movement (Vol. 29, pp. 78-99). Karger Publishers.

Siwach, R.J, Jaipal. (2003). A study of pre-competitive anxiety of archers in relation to their performance. International journal of research pedagogy and technology in education and movement sciences , 108-119.

Spielberger, C. D. (1966). Theory and research on anxiety. Anxiety and behavior, 1(3).

Swain, A., & Jones, G. (1993). Intensity and frequency dimensions of competitive state anxiety. Journal of Sports Sciences, 11(6), 533-542.

Swain, A., & Jones, G. (1996). Explaining performance variance: The relative contribution of intensity and direction dimensions of competitive state anxiety. Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, 9(1), 1-18.

Performance psychology, 2011, Science Direct https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/trait-anxiety

FITA scoring https://www.britannica.com/sports/FITA-round




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v0i0.2482

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Sharnpreet Kaur, Shweta Shenoy

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).