A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EXERCISE MOTIVATION BETWEEN MALE AND FEMALE UNDER 17 YEARS SOCCER PLAYERS

Arif Mohammad, Mohammad Ahsan

Abstract


The purpose of the present research was to compare the level of exercise motivation of male and female soccer players. Secondary purpose of this work was to answer of the question “which gender needs what extend of exercise motivation to perform better in sports?” The method carried out in this study was quantitative in nature and based on the questionnaire study. Population of this research consisted on all male and female soccer players in Rakiraki Public High School, Kings Road, Fiji. Among the total population the sample consisted on 50 boys and 50 girls (all subjects were below 17 years of age). The Exercise Motivation Inventory developed by Markland and Hardy, (1993) was used to gauge the level of exercise motivation of both genders. Results of statistical analysis (t-test) showed that there was no significant difference between male and female players on their level of exercise motivation, but the mean value of female players was found considerably higher than the male players. This finding leads to conclude that both male and female under 17 years soccer players having same level of exercise motivation.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


exercise motivation, male soccer players, female soccer players

References


Ahmadi, S., Namazizadeh, M., Abdoli, B., & Seyed, A.A. (2009). The comparison of achievement motivation between soccer players of high and low ranking teams in super league of Iran. Olympic Fall, 3(47), 19-28.

Ali, J. (2010). A study of achievement motivation in relation to performance of badminton players. Vyayam-Vidnyan, 43(3), 41-44.

Ali, J. Hussain, I., & Rahaman, A. (2010). A comparative study of aggression and sports achievement motivation of hockey players of Manipur. AMASS Multilateral Research Journal, 2(2), 23-26.

Amorose, A. J., & Horn, T. S. (2000). Intrinsic motivation: Relationships with collegiate athletes’ gender, scholarship status, and perceptions of their coaches’ behavior. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 22, 63-84.

Atkinson, J.W. (1977). Motivation for achievement. In: T. Blass (Ed.), Personality variables in social behavior. Hisdale: NJ, Erlbaum, 1, 144.

Butt, D.S. (1978). Short scales for the measurement of sport motivations. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 10, 203-216.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (1985). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in human behavior. New York: Plenum.

Hollembeak, J., & Amorose, A. J. (2005). Perceived coaching behaviours and college athletes’ intrinsic motivation: A test of Self-Determination Theory. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 17, 20-36.

Ingledew, D.K.I., Markland, D., & Medley, A. (1998). Exercise motives and stages of change. Journal of Health Psychology, 3, 477-489.

Kavussanu M., & McCauley, E. (1995). Exercise and optimism: are highly active individuals more optimistic? Journal of Sport Exercise Psychology, 17, 246-258.

Khan, Z., Khan, S., & Ahmad, N. (2010). Sports achievement motivation among Asian players: a study. AMASS Multilateral Research Journal, 2(2), 7-9.

Klein, A.M. (1993). Little big men. New York: State University of New York Press.

Li, F., & Harmer, P. (1996). Testing the simple assumption underlying the Sport Motivation Scale: A structural equation modeling analysis. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 67, 396-405.

Markland, D., & Hardy, L. (1993). The Exercise Motivations Inventory: Preliminary development and validity of a measure of individuals’ reasons for participation in regular physical exercise. Personality & Individual Differences, 15, 289-296.

Monazami, M., Hedayatikatooli, A., Neshati, A., Beiki, Y. (2012). A comparison of the motivation of male and female competitive athletes in Golestan, Iran. Annals of Biological Research, 3(1), 31-35.

Munroe-Chandler, Krista, A., & Hall, C.R. (2005). Enhancing the collective efficacy of a soccer team through motivational general-mastery imagery. Imagination Cognition and Personality 24(1), 51-67.

Najah, A., & Rejeb, R. B. (2015). The psychological profile of youth male soccer players in different playing positions. Advances in Physical Education, 5, 161-169.

Shafizadeh, M. (2007). Relationship between goal orientation, motivational climate and perceived ability with intrinsic motivation and performance in physical education university students. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7(19), 2866-2870.

Van Heerden, C.H. (2014). Expressed motives of students for sport participation in a South African context. Journal of Physical Education Research, 1, 01-07.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Arif Mohammad, Mohammad Ahsan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).