Mine Gül, İpek Alagöz, Gazanfer Kemal Gül


Purpose: The aim of this study is the effect of core stabilization training (CST) at male swimmers in 10-13 ages on 50 m backstroke swimming time (ST), Biering Sorenson (BS) test, Flexor (FE) and Lateral Endurance test (LE) and Stork (SD) balance test parameters. Methods: 14 volunteer male swimmers who swim at the Yeşilvadi Galatasaray Sports School were randomized to Experiment1 (D1) (n = 7) (age 11.57 ± 1.272 years, height 1.53 ± 0.04 m and weight 39.62). ± 3.55 kg) and Experiment2 (D2) (n = 7) (age 11.43 ± 1.272 years, height 1.53 ± 0.04 m and weight 41.43 ± 4.11 kg) after first measurements via the random method and 7 volunteered males were divided into the control group (F) (n = 7) (age 12 ± 1,155 years, height 1.53 ± 0.04 m and weight 41.43 ± 4.11 kg) and included in the study. CSA was applied to the D1 group athletes before swimming training 3 days a week (plank, side plank, reverse arm, reverse leg, reverse crunch, supine bridge, “V” sitting). The D2 group had only club swimming training and the K group had no training. The data were analyzed by Paired-Samples T Test and ANOVA test in SPSS 22.0 package program and the significance level was determined as p> 0.05. Results: Statistically significant difference detected in D1 group 50 m (ST) (p=0,012), BS (p=0,001), LE-right (p=0,04) and LE-left (p=0,022), FE values (p=0,004). Significant difference detected in D2 group 50 m ST (p=0,015) and BS test (p=0,000) result (p<0.05). No difference found in K group all parameters (p>0.05). As the result of final measurement results, significant difference detected at LE-right measurement between D1 group and D2 group, and LE-right and LE-left measurements among K group (p<0.05). Conclusions: As a result, it can be said that 8-week core and swimming trainings provide improvement in swimming point and endurance parameters and performance improvement can be achieved by applying to swimmers in 10-12 ages.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



swimming, core, stabilization, performance

Full Text:



Amaro, N. M., Marinho, D. A., Marques, M. C., Batalha, N. P. & Morouço, P. G. (2016). Effects of Dry-Land Strength and Conditioning Programs in Age Group Swimmers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 31(9), 2447-2454.

Axel, T. A., Crussemeyer, J. A., Dean, K. & Young, D. E. (2018). Field Test Performance of Junior Competitive Surf Athletes Following A Core Strength Training Program. International Journal of Exercise Science 11(6): 696-707.

Bıyıklı T. (2017). The Effect of 10 Week Core Training on Physical Performance in Female Swimmers Between 11-13 Years. Journal of Sport and Educational Sciences, 5 (2), 81-91.

Bozdoğan A. (2003). Yüzme Fizyoloji, Mekanik, Metot. İlpress Basım ve Yayın, İstanbul.

Cissik, J. M. (2011). The Role of Core Training in Athletic Performance, Injury Prevention, And Injury Treatment. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 31(1), 10-15.

Dedecan H. (2016). The Effect of Core Training on Some Physical and Physiological Characteristics of Adolescent Male Students. Selcuk University Institute of Health Sciences Department of Physical Education and Sports Unpublished Master's Thesis. Konya.

Egesoy, H., Alptekin, A., Yapıcı, A. (2018). Core Exercises in Sports. International Journal of Contemporary Educational Studies (IntJCES), 4 (1), ISSN : 2548-9373.

Fig, G. (2005). Strength Training for Swimmers: Training the Core. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 27(2), 40-42.

Grant, M. C. & Kavaliauskas, M. (2017). Land Based Resistance Training and Youth Swimming Performance. Int J Sports Exerc, 3(4). DOI: 10.23937/2469-5718/1510064.

Gür F., Ersöz G. (2017). Evaluation of the Effect of Core Training on Core Strength, Static and Dynamic Equilibrium Properties of 8-14 Years Old Tennis Athletes. Spormetre, 15 (3), 129-138. Doi.org/10.1501/Sporm_0000000317.

Hanula D. (2001). The Swim Coaching Bible. Human Kinetics. 21-133. www.humankinetics.com (Access Date: 20.04.2019).

Kamiş O. (2017). The relationship between core stability and athletic performance in elite male short distance runners and basketball players aged 14-16 years. Gazi University Institute of Health Sciences Department of Physical Education and Sports Unpublished Master's Thesis. Ankara.

Karpinski, J., Rejdych, W., Brzozowska, D., Golas, A., Sadowski, W., Swinarew, A., Stachura, A., Gupta, S. & Stanula, A. (2019). The effects of a 6-week core exercises on swimming performance of national level swimmers, Shorttitle: Core training in swimming. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1101/2019.12.19.882126.

Lizuka, S., Imai, A., Koizumi, K., Okuno, K. & Kaneoka, K. (2016). Immediate Effects of Deep Trunk Muscle Training on Swimming Start Performance. The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 11(7), 1048-1053.

Nugent, F. J., Comyns, T. M., Warrington, G. D. (2018). Strength and Conditioning Considerations for Youth Swimmers. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 40(2), 31-39.

Otman E. (2012). The Importance of Core Zone and Core Training in Swimmers. http://yuzmeplus.com/yuzuculerde-core-bolgesinin-onemi-ve-core-antrenmani2/ (Access Date: 10.04.2019).

Patil, D., Salian, S. C. &Yardi, S. (2014). The Effect of Core Strengthening on Performance of Young Competitive Swimmers. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 3(6), 2470-2477.

Rosania J. R. (2004). Weight Training Not Your Grandma’s Workout. Swimming Technique, P.O. Box. 41(1): 17-20.

Rostami, R. & Ghaedi, M. (2017). Core Stabilization Training and Fundamental Motor Skills in Children. International Journal of School Health, 4(1):e36010, doi: 10.17795/intjsh-36010.

Sevim Y. (2002). Training Knowledge. Nobel Yayınevi. Ankara.

Sharrock, C., Cropper, J., Mostad, J., Johnson, M. & Malone, T. (2011). A Pilot Study of Core Stability and Athletic Performance: Is There A Relationship? The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 6(2), 63-74.

Stanton, R., Reaburn, P. & Humphries, B. (2004). The Effect of Short-Term Swiss Ball Training on Core Stability and Running Economy. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(3), 522–528.

Yıldız S. (2012). The Effect of Body Stabilization Exercise Training on Kassal Force, Endurance and Balance in Adolescent Female Volleyball Players. Hacettepe University Institute of Health Sciences Department of Physical Education and Sports, Unpublished Master's Thesis. Ankara.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v0i0.2806


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Mine Gül, İpek Alagöz, Gazanfer Kemal Gül

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).