MOTOR PERFORMANCES IN RELATION TO PERCEIVED PHYSICAL SELF-EFFICACY, ENOJOYMENT AND BMI IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN

Dario Colella, Domenico Monacis, Cristina d’Arando

Abstract


Physical efficiency is an important health indicator for children and adolescents. The increase in overweight and obesity in childhood is a dangerous determinant of physical fitness development. This study aimed to evaluate and compare motor performances, perceived self-efficacy and enjoyment in relation to BMI in primary school children. The sample consisted of 2,623 children (F: 1,300; M: 1,323) divided into three groups according to gender and BMI differences (Normal-weight vs Over-weight vs Obese). In addition to descriptive statistics (M ± SD), ANOVA 3 (group, normo-weight vs overweight vs obese) was performed x 2 (gender), to highlight differences between groups (p<.05). Physical fitness perceived physical self-efficacy and enjoyment were assessed with motor test (SLJ; 6 MWT; 10x4; MBT) and two self-report questionnaires, i.e. PACES and PPAS_C. Results showed a strong relation between BMI and motor performances, perceived self-efficacy and enjoyment in both males and females. Overweight and obese children showed lower motor performances compared to the Nw group of students (p<.05). Furthermore, the scores of perceived self-efficacy and enjoyment of the Ow-Ob group are lower than those of the Nw group (p<.05). Findings reveals that children perceived self-efficacy and enjoyment are crucial for motor development and promoting active lifestyles.

 

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physical fitness; obesity; primary school; self-perception; enjoyment

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