Benjamin Tunji Olaosebikan, Kaleb Teman, M. A. Muktar, Abdulsalam Abdullah


The study was assessed relationship between coaches’ required leadership style and athletes’ motivation in selected team sports in Adamawa State Sports Council, Nigeria. Correlational design was used for the study. The population for the study comprised all the male and female programme athletes in team sports of basketball, football, handball and volleyball in Adamawa State Sports Council, Nigeria. One hundred and eight copies of questionnaires were administered but only one hundred and four copies of questionnaires were well completed making 96.3% return rate. Purposive sampling technique was used to select one hundred and eight athletes that make the first and second teams of each of the four sports of basketball, football, handball and volleyball in Adamawa State Sports Council, Nigeria. Two instruments were adopted, modified and used for the study. The first was the Leadership Scale for Sports (LSS) used to determine coaches’ leadership styles. The second was the Sport Motivation Scale (SMS) utilized to measure athletes’ motivation in team sports. Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, frequency, percentage) was used to analyze the demographic information of the respondents and research questions while inferential statistics (Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient) was utilized to test the research hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study revealed that coaches’ required leadership style is significant to athletes’ motivation in team sports of basketball, football, handball and volleyball in Adamawa State Sports Council, Nigeria. Therefore, the following recommended that coaches should be mindful of situational consideration and type of leadership style they employ or use to coach their teams.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


coaches’ required leadership styles; athletes’ motivation; team sports

Full Text:



Allen, J. B. & Howe, B. L. (1998). Player’s ability, coach feedback and female adolescent athletes’ perceived competence and satisfaction, Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6, 20-28.

Chelladurai, P. & Riemer, H. A. (1998). Measurement of leadership in sport. In: Duda, J.L. (Ed) Advances in sport and exercise psychology. Morgantown, WV: Fitness Information Technology.

Chelladurai, P. & Saleh, S. D. (1980). Dimensions of leadership in sports: Development of leadership scale, Journal of Sport Psychology, vol. 2, pp. 34-45.

Chelladurai, P. (1984). Discrepancy between preferences and perceptions of leadership behaviours and satisfaction of athletes in varying sport. Journal of Sport Psychology, 6, 27-41.

Chelladurai, P. (1989). The coach as a motivator and chameleon of leadership styles. Science Periodical on Research and Technology in Sport. Ottawa, Canada: Coaching Association of Canada.

Pallant, J. (2011). SPSS survival manual: A step by step guide to data analysis using SPSS (4th Edition). Austrialia Allen &Unwin.

Pelletier, L. G., Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., Tuson, K. M., Briere, N. M., & Blais, M. R. (1995). Towards a new measure of intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and amotivation in sports: The Sports Motivation Scale (SMS). Journal of Sports & Exercise Psychology, 17, 35-53.

Ramalingam, F. (2005). Dictionary of psychology. Nigeria: EP Books Services Ltd.

Riemer, H. A., & Chelladurai, P. (1995). Leadership and satisfaction in athletics. Journal of sports and Exercise Psychology, 17, 276-293.

Shields, D. L. (1997). The Relationship between Leadership Feedback and Group Cohesion in Team Sports. The Journal of Psychology,131(2), 196-210.

Smith, R. E. & Smoll, F. L. (1989). Leadership behavior in sport: A theoretical model and research paradigm. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 19, 1522-1551.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Benjamin Tunji Olaosebikan, Kaleb Teman, M. A. Muktar, Abdulsalam Abdullah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).