EFEITO DE UM PROGRAMA DE 35 SEMANAS DE TREINAMENTO DE FUTEBOL BASEADO NA GAME BASED APPROACH SOBRE A CAPACIDADE FÍSICA E ATENCIONAL DE CRIANÇAS E ADOLESCENTES / EFFECT OF A 35 WEEK SOCCER TRAINING PROGRAM BASED ON GAME BASED APPROACH ON THE PHYSICAL AND ATTENTIONAL CAPACITY OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

Deborah T. Gonet, Julia Castellano M., Fabrício V. A. Vasconcellos

Abstract


Nos últimos anos tem crescido o interesse na utilização de uma abordagem baseada em jogos ou Game Based Approach (GBA) para ensinar e treinar futebol. Neste contexto, recorre-se aos jogos reduzidos e condicionados para promover o desenvolvimento dos praticantes. Porém, ainda são poucos os estudos que investigaram o efeito da GBA na capacidade física e especialmente em aspectos atencionais. Sendo assim, o presente estudo teve como objetivo verificar o efeito de um programa de 35 semanas de treinamento de futebol baseado na GBA sobre a capacidade cardiorrespiratória, potência muscular de membros inferiores e capacidade atencional de crianças e adolescentes. Para análise estatística comparou-se as variáveis antes e após a intervenção através do teste t pareado e do Wilcoxon, adotando nível de significância de p<0,05. Os resultados demonstraram que houve manutenção do VO2 máximo, aumento da potência muscular de membros inferiores (748±205W vs 1250±607W, pré e pós, respectivamente; p=0,001), diminuição do tempo de reação (pré=707±124ms vs pós=665±140ms; p=0,023) e aumento no número de acertos (pré=81±20 vs pós=87±16; p=0,041) no teste de Flanker. Dessa forma, pode-se concluir que aulas baseadas na GBA podem ser uma alternativa para melhorar a capacidade física e atencional de crianças e adolescentes.

In recent years, the interest of coaches and researchers about Game Based Approach (GBA) to teach and coach soccer has grown. Is this context, small-sided and conditioned games are being increasingly used as a tool for player’s development. However, few studies have investigated the effect of GBA on physical capacity and especially on attentional aspects. Thus, the present study aimed to verify the effect of 35-week GBA soccer training program on cardiorespiratory fitness, lower limb muscle power, reaction time and visual attention of children and adolescents. For statistical analysis, variables were compared before and after the intervention using the paired t test and Wilcoxon, and the significance level adopted was p<0.05. The results showed a maintenance of maximum VO2 and increased lower limb muscle power (748±205W vs 1250±607W, before and after, respectively; p=0.001). In attentional capacity, a decreased in reaction time (before=707±124ms vs after=665±140ms; p=0.023), and an increased number of correct answers (before=81±20 vs after=87±16; p=0.041) in Flanker Test. The study concluded that GBA, lasting 35 weeks, can be an alternative to improve children’s physical and attentional capacity performance.

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Keywords


educação física e treinamento, futebol, saúde da criança / physical education and training, soccer, child health

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v6i7.3312

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Copyright (c) 2020 Deborah T. Gonet, Julia Castellano M., Fabrício V. A. Vasconcellos

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