Feyzullah Koca


In this study is proposing to compare lipid and lipoprotein values in faculty of sport sciences students in order to investigate cardiovascular disease risks. The research included sports-educated college students. They were 20 wrestlers, 25 judo athletes and 30 soccer players. Comparison of age and height were used in the research and, to identify the differences among groups, one-way Anova and Scheffe tests were performed. In this study, vertical jumping value was not found statistically significant among the groups (p> 0.05). In this study, aerobic and anaerobic power of the educated wrestlers and judo athletes were found to be different than the soccer players (p <0.05). In our study, wrestlers and judo athletes’ values are clearly higher than the values soccer players group in terms of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C) amounts (p<0.01). In our study, wrestlers and judo athletes’ values are found to be significantly lower than the values soccer players in terms of high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) amounts (p<0.01). The ratio TC / HDL-C and LDL-C / HDL-C of educated judo athletes and wrestlers is higher than soccer players (p<0.05). Conclusion: Faculty of sport sciences students who wrestlers, judo athletes and soccer players were found to be different in blood fat values. This difference in bloods fat are thought to be due to their training. Healthy risk factors for cardiovascular diseases of all three branch athletes were found to be low. Wrestler and Judo players were recommended to include more aerobic activities in their trainings.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


lipid, lipoprotein, wrestlers, judo athletes, soccer players

Full Text:



Abrantes, C., Maçãs, V., & Sampaio, J. (2004). Variation in football players’ sprint test performance across different ages and levels of competition. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 3(1), 44

Ağaoğlu S. A., İmamoğlu O., Kishalı N. F., Çebi M. (2001). An Analysis of Specific Physiological and Anthropometric Characteristics of Turkish Men’s National Judo Team Athletes, Atatürk University Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 1 (2-4),59-66

Akkuş, H., İnal, A. N. (1999). Measurement and comparison of back, paw, leg strength and anaerobic strength of sportsmen students in Selçuk University Men's basketball, wrestling and volleyball teams, Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 1, 82-87

Aksoy, Y. & Aslan, H. & İmamoğlu, O. (2020a). Comparison of Attention Levels According to Sport Status and Age Category in Students Turkish Studies, 15(3), 1473-1483.

Aksoy, Y., Aslan, H., İmamoğlu, O. (2020b). Performance Development of Wrestlers in Sport Education Centre, Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise, Volume: 22 - Issue: 1 - Pages: 104-110.

Aslan C. S., İnan T. ve Akalan C. (2010). Comparison of some physical and physiological characteristics of a professional football team and physical education and sports school students. E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy Sports Sciences, 5 (1), 47-58.

Aslan H. Ziyagil M. A. (2020). Relationships between body mass index and skinfold thickness of exercised and sedentary young adults, African Educational Research Journal,8(3):422-431.

Aslan, C., S., ve Koç, H. (2015). Comparison of Physical, Physiological and Motoric Characteristics of Amateur Footballers. CBÜ Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 10(1), 56-65.

Atan T., Alaçam H. (2015). The effects of acute aerobic and anaerobic exercise on blood parameters. The Anthropologist, January 19(1), 87-93.

Atan T., Tural E., İmamoğlu O., Çiçek G., Tural Ş. (2012). Physical activity levels of teachers and health professionals in Turkey. Health MED, 6(6), 1935-1942.

Atan T., Unver S., Islamoglu I., Cavusoglu G. (2017). Endurance performance according to circadian cycle. Anthropologist. 27(1-3), 32-36.

Bayraktar I., Kocak H. (2017). A Study of Profile and Comparison for Turkish Greco-Roman and Freestyle Wrestlers who Prepared for Rio 2016, Science, Movement and Health, Vol. XVII, Issue 2:190-199.

Boden W. E. (2000). High-density lipoprotein cholesterol as an independent risk factor in cardiovascular disease: assessing the data from Framingham to the Veterans Affairs High-Density Lipoprotein Intervention Trial. Am J Cardiol, 86 (12A) 19L- 22.

Bostanci, O., Özdal, M., Mayda, H., & Kabadayi, M. (2017). The effect of preparation period trainings on respiratory muscle strength of hearing-impaired judokas. Archives of Budo Science of Martial Arts and Extreme Sports, 13, 97-102.

Bott, C. (2020). Concurrent Training: Implications for Freestyle Wrestling Performance – Striving for Optimal Training Practice - SimpliFaster. Retrieved 26 October 2020, from

Çağlar, H. A., Gokmen, A., Hazir, M. ve Kuscu, O. (1997). Relationship between aerobic and anaerobic power and hemoglobin, body fat ratio and vital capacity in male soccer players, Journal of Football Science and Technology, Vol. 4/4, 30-32.

Callan, S. D., D. M. Brunner, K. L. De-volve, S. E. Mulligan, J. Hesson, R. L. Wilber, and J. T. Kearney. (2000). Physiological profiles of elite freestyle wrestlers. J. Strength Cond. Res. 14(2), 162–169.

Çetin S., Ece C., Şen M., Çetin H. N., Aydoğan A. (2019). The Effects of Pilates and Aerobic Exercise on Blood Pressure, Heart Rates, and Blood Serum Lipids in Sedentary Females, Journal of Education and Training Studies, Vol. 7, No. 4,229-235.

Çetinkaya G., Imamoğlu G. (2018). Investigation of the Effect of Plates-Aerobic Exercises on Body Composition and Body Image in Obesity Female, The Journal of International Social Research, Volume: 11 Issue: 59,1451-1456.

Chtara, M., Rouissi, M., Haddad, M., Chtara, H., Chaalali, A., Owen, A., & Chamari, K. (2017). Specific physical trainability in elite young soccer players: efficiency over 6 weeks’ in-season training. Biology of Sport, 34(2), 137.

Crawford, S. M. (1996). Anthropometry. In measurement in pediatric exercise science. Docherty, D. (Ed.) Champaing, IL: Human Kinetics. (Almuzaini, S. K. (2007) Muscle function in Saudi children and adolescents: relationship to anthropometric characteristics during growth. Pediatric Exercise Science, Vol. 19, No: 319.

Dawes J., Roozen M. eds. (2012). Developing agility and quickness, Human Kinetics.

Demirel N., Özbay S., Kaya F. (2018). The Effects of Aerobic and Anaerobic Training Programs Applied to Elite Wrestlers on Body Mass Index (BMI) and Blood Lipids, Journal of Education and Training Studies, Vol. 6, No. 4, 58-62.

Ergün M., İşlegen Ç., Acar M. F., Özkol Z., Taşyürek Z. (2005). Anaerobic Capability of Soccer Players with Differing Aerobic Power Levels, Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 40, 35-42.

Ermiş E., Satıcı A., İmamoğlu O. (2019). 12th World University Wrestling Championship Women’s Competitions Technical Analyses, Turkish Studies Social Sciences,4(3), 1169-1178.

Ermiş, E., Yılmaz, A. K., & Mayda, M. H. (2019). Analysis of Respiratory Functions and Respiratory Muscle Strength of Martial Arts Athletes. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology, 8(1), 10-17.

Ermiş, E., Yilmaz, A. K., Mayda, H., & Ermis, A. (2019). Analysis of respiratory function and muscle strength of elite judo athletes and sedentary females.

Franceschini G. (2001). Epidemiologic evidence for high-density lipoprotein cholesterol as a risk factor for coronary artery disease. Am J Cardiol, 88 (12A) 9N- 13N.

Güllü, E., Güllü, A., Cicek, G., Yamaner, F., İmamoğlu, O., & Gumusdağ, H. (2013). The effects of aerobic exercises on cardiovascular risk factors of sedentary women. Int. J. Acad. Res, 5,160-167.

Horswill C. A. (1992). Applied physiology of amateur wrestling. Sports Medicine, 14(2), 114-143.

Hsu, C. C., Wahlqvist, M. L., Wu, I. C., Chang, Y. H., Chang, I. S., Tsai, Y. F., & Hsiung, C. A. (2018). Cardio metabolic disorder reduces survival prospects more than suboptimal body mass index irrespective of age or gender: a longitudinal study of 377,929 adults in Taiwan, BMC Public Health, 18(1), 142.

Hubner-Wozniak, E. Kosmol, A., Gajewski, J. (2009).Aerobic fitness of elite female and male wrestlers. Biology of Sport. Vol 26(4), 339-348 .

İmamoğlu O., Ağaoğlu S. A., Kishali N. F., Çebi M. (2001). Relationship Between Aerobic, Anaerobic Power, Body Fat Rate, Hand Grip Strength, and Vital Capacity in Men’s National Judacas, Atatürk University Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences,1(2-4),96-100.

İmamoğlu O., Çebi M., Kishali N. F., İmamoğlu H. (1999a). Analysis of Body Composition Parameters in Turkish Judo Men's National Team, Atatürk University Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 1(1),12-18.

İmamoğlu O., Çebi M., Kishali N. F., Tunç T. (1999b). Analysis of Some Anthropometric and Physiological Parameters in Judo Women’s National Team Athletes, Atatürk University Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences,1 (1),34-40.

İmamoğlu, O., Atan, T., Kishali, N. F., Burmaoglu, G., Akyol, P., Yıldırım, K. (2005). Comparison of lipid and lipoprotein values in men and women differing in training status. Biol of Sport; 22(3), 261–70.

İri R., Yılmaz A., Aktuğ Z. B. (2017). Comparison of physical fitness levels and motoric characteristics of elite football and handball players, Journal of Sport and Performance Research, 8, 19-25.

Keskin Ö. D. Y., İmamoğlu O., Kabadayı M. (2019). Effect of Handedness and Footedness on Some Motoric Characteristics in Amateur Soccer Players, Journal of Education and Training Studies, 7(12), 13-21.

Kılıç T., Toşur M. A. A. (2018). Comparison of Some Parameters of Football Players According to Their Status, The Journal of International Social Research, 11(61), 1283-1291.

Koc H. (2011). The Comparison of Blood Lipid Levels of Athletes and Sedentary College Students. Pak J Med Sci. 27(3), 622-25.

Labović S. B., Đonović N., Andrejević V., Banjari I, Kurgaš H., Zejnilović M. (2015). Lipid Status of Professional Athletes, MD-Medical Data, 7(1), 021-025.

Lemieux, I., Lamarche, B., Couillard, C., Pascot, A., Cantin, B., Bergeron, J., & Després, J. P. (2001). Total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio vs LDL cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio as indices of ischemic heart disease risk in men: the Quebec Cardiovascular Study. Archives of internal medicine, 161(22), 2685-2692.

Menevşe A., İmamoğlu O., Kabadayı M., Demirhan B. (2014). The comparison of some blood parameters of elite athletes and sedentary people, HealthMED - Volume 8 / Number 4, 523-528.

Menevse, A., İmamoğlu, O., Kabadayı M. (2013). A comparison of the national wrestling team's blood biochemical levels before and after the camp. International Journal of Academic Research Part A; 5(6), 66-71.

Özaslan, B. R., Biçer, M., Özdal, M., Vural, M., & Şan, G. (2017). Investigation of visual and auditory simple reaction time of individuals with mental retardation. European Journal of Special Education Research. 2(3), 65-76.

Pancar, S., Tokgöz, O., & Topçu, H. (2018). The effect of 8-week exercise program on some hematological parameters in obese children. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science.

Pancar, Z., Özdal, M., & Vural, M. (2018). The Effect of a Four-Week Physical Activity Program on Liver Enzyme Levels, Uric Acid, Urea and Creatine Kinase Activity in Obese and Overweight Children. Scholars Journal of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, 6(7), 1485-1489.

Pancar, Z., Özdal, M., Pancar, S., & Biçer, M. (2016). Investigation of Visual and Auditory Simple Reaction Time of 11-18 Aged Youth. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, v1i4.

Reilly T., Bangsbo J., Franks A. (2000). Anthropometric and physiological predispositions for elite soccer. J Sports Sci. 18(9), 669–683.

Sharratt M. T., Taylor A. W., Song T. M. (1986). A physiological profile of elite Canadian freestyle wrestlers. Can J Appl Sport Sci 11:100–105

Stølen T., Chamari K., Castagna C., Wisløff U. (2005). Physiology of soccer: an update. Sports Med. 35(6), 501–536.

Tahhan, A. M. A. A., Özdal, M., Vural, M., & Mayda, M. H. (2018b). Acute effects of aerobic and anaerobic exercises on circulation parameters. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science. 4(3), 72-79.

Tahhan, A. M. A. A., Özdal, M., Vural, M., & Pancar, Z. (2018a). Influence of aerobic and anaerobic exercise on oxygen saturation. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science. 4(2), 188-196.

Tønnessen E., Hem E., Leirstein S., Haugen T., Seiler S. (2013). Maximal Aerobic Power Characteristics of Male Professional Soccer Players, 1989–2012, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8, 323-329.

Turgut G., Genç O., Kaptanoğlu B. (1998). Determination of Differences of Blood Lipid Fractions between Athletes and Sedentary People, SDÜ Tıp Faculty Sci. 5(1), 33-37

Wittich A., Mautalen C. A., Oliveri M. B., Bagur A., Somoza F., Rotemberg E. (1999). Professional Football (Soccer) Players Have a Maıkedly Greater Skeletal Mineral Content Density and Size than Age- and BMI Matched Controls, Calcified Tissue. New York.

Yamaner F., Bayraktaroğlu T., Atmaca H., Ziyagil M. A., Tamer K. (2010). Comparison of Serum Leptin ve Serum Lipoprotein Levels of Turkish International Wrestlers and Sedentary People, Türk J Med Sci.40 (3), 471-77.

Yılmaz, A. K., Kabadayı, M., Bostancı, Ö., Özdal, M., & Mayda, M. H. (2019). Analysis of isokinetic knee strength in soccer players in terms of selected parameters. Physical education of students, 23(4), 209-216.

Yoon J. (2002). Physiological profiles of elite senior wrestlers. Sports Medicine. 32, 225-233

Zi-Hong H, Lian-Shi F, Hao-Jie Z, Kui-Yuan X, Feng-Tang C, Da-Lang T, Ming-Yi L, Lucia A, Fleck SJ. (2013). Physiological profile of elite Chinese female wrestlers, J Strength Cond Res. 27(9), 2374-95.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Feyzullah Koca

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).