Tuğba Şam, Abdil Ceylan, Mehmet Sümer, H. Nedim Çetin


In this study, it was aimed to determine whether the body image of the university student athletes changes according to gender, sports branch and sports education status. Body Perception Scale filled by a total of 540 people, 227 males and 313 females. T-test, one-way analysis of variance and LSD tests were used in statistical processes. A statistically significant difference was found between body Image scores of men and women according to gender (p < 0.05). A statistically significant difference was found between total body image scores according to Body Mass Index (p < 0.05). The scores of the groups with low and high body mass index were found to be higher than the groups with Body Mass Index between 20-25 kg/m2. Body image scores of university student athletes who did not receive sports training were found to be statistically higher than individual athletes and team athletes who received sports education (p < 0.001). In conclusion, in university student athletes, women are worse than men, and those whose body mass index is below normal and higher than normal are less satisfied with their bodies than normal ones. In addition, university students who take sports education have better body image scores. It can be said that sports education has a positive effect on body image score. It is recommended that university student athletes who do not have sports education should be given courses and seminars for sports education.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


sport education, body image, gender, athletes

Full Text:



Aktaş, A., Aştı, T. A., Bakanoğlu, E., & Çelebioğlu, M. (2010). Determination of body image perception of a nursing school students, Istanbul University Florence Nightingale Journal of Nursing, 18-2, 63-71.

Aldemir, Y. G., Biçer, T., & Kale, E. K. (2014). The effect of imagery interventions on problem solving skill in elite athletes. Journal of Sports and Performance Researches, 5(2), 37-45.

Alebachew F., Ashagrie M. (2017). The Body-Image Concept Analysis of Youth and Adolescent, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences, 5(6): 130-134.

Anton, S. D., Perri, M. G., & Riley III, J. R. (2000). Discrepancy between actual and ideal body images: Impact on eating and exercise behaviors. Eating Behaviors, 1(2), 153-160.

Aşçı, F. H. (1994). The Physical Self-Perception and Body Image Satisfaction Profile of Junior National Male Basketball Players, Journal of Sport Sciences, SBD, 7(4),13-20.

Bostancı, Ö., Karaduman, E., & Mayda, M. H. (2019). Investigation of self confidence levels in elite extreme athletes. Physical education of students, 23(3), 106-111.

Cohane, G. H., & Pope Jr, H. G. (2001). Body image in boys: A review of the literature. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29(4), 373-379.

Crissey S. R., Honea J. C. (2006). The relationship between athletic participation and perceptions of body size and weight control in adolescent girls: The role of sport type. Sociol Sport J.,23, 248-272.

Çakar F. S., Karayol S. S. (2015). The Impact of Body Image and Self-Esteem on Turkish Adolescents’ Subjective Well-Being, Psychology Research, September, Vol. 5, No. 9, 536-551 doi:10.17265/2159-5542/2015.09.005

Doğan, E., Yilmaz, A. K., Kabadayi, M., & Mayda, M. H. (2018). Spor Bilimleri Öğrencileri İle Farklı Fakültelerde Okuyan Öğrencilerin Sosyalleşme Ve Mutluluk Düzeylerinin İncelenmesi. Kafkas Universitesi. Sosyal Bilimler Enstitu, (22), 403-411.

Fischer, R., Short, S. E., & Ross-Stewart, L. (2005, June). Beyond frequency: imagery effectiveness, confidence in using imagery, and imagery ability. In journal of sport & exercıse psychology (vol. 27, pp. s17-s17). 1607 n Market st, Champaign, Il 61820-2200 USA: Human Kinetıcs Publ Inc.

Gaspar, M. J. M., Amaral, T. F., Oliveira, B. M., & Borges, N. (2011). Protective effect of physical activity on dissatisfaction with body image in children–A cross-sectional study. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12(5), 563-569.

Gillen, M. M., & Lefkowitz, E. S. (2009). Emerging adults’ perceptions of messages about physical appearance. Body Image, 6 (3), 178–185.

Göksan, B. (2007). Ergenlerde beden imajı ve beden dismorfik bozukluğu. Yayınlanmamış Uzmanlık Tezi.

Grogan, S. (2006). Body image and health: contemporary perspectives. Journal of health psychology, 11(4), 523-530.

Hausenblas H. A., Fallon E. A. Exercise and body image: A meta-analysis. Psychol Health. (2006). 21, 33-47.

Hsu, C. C., Wahlqvist, M. L., Wu, I. C., Chang, Y. H., Chang, I. S., Tsai, Y. F., & Hsiung, C. A. (2018). Cardiometabolic disorder reduces survival prospects more than suboptimal body mass index irrespective of age or gender: a longitudinal study of 377,929 adults in Taiwan, BMC Public Health, 18(1): 142

Ingledew, D. K., & Sullivan, G. (2002). Effects of body mass and body image on exercise motives in adolescence. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 3(4), 323-338.

İmamoğlu G., Demirtaş Ö. (2017b). Investigation of The Effect of Art, Sport and Religious Education on Body Imag, 9th Conference of the International Society for the Social Sciences of Sport, Book of Abstracts.

İmamoğlu G., Demitaş Ö. (2017a). Body Image, Self Design and Stress Level in Fine Arts Education Individuals, 15. International Sport Sciences Congress Proceedings Book, Antalya, 850,

Karagöz, N., Karagün, E. (2015). A Descriptive Study on Body Image of Professional Athletes, Sport Sciences (NWSASPS), 2B0102, 10(4),34-43.

Koparan, Ş., Öztürk, F. ve Korkmaz, N. H. (2010). Examining Physical Education Teachers' Self-Efficacy Perception and Social Physics Anxiety Levels in Terms of Some Variables (Bursa Example),e-Journal of New World Sciences Academy, Sports Sciences, 2B0059, 5(4),286-293.

Kumcağız H. (2012). Pregnant women, body image and self-esteem according to the examination of some of the variables, International Journal of Human Sciences [Online]. (9)2, 691-703.

Kundakçı, A. H. (2005). Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Yeme Tutumları, Benlik Algıları, Vücut Algısı ve Stres Belirtileri Açısından Karşılaştırılması, Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Ankara Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Ankara.

Leng H. K., E, Phua Y. X. P., Yang Y. (2020). Body Image, Physical Activity and Sport Involvement: A Study on Gender Differences, Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research, 85, 40-49, DOI: 10.2478/pcssr-2020-0005.

McCormack J., Star A., Beadle J., Maartens N. (2013). Body image and sport: a qualitative study. Journal of Eating Disorders, 1(Suppl1):O51.

Morrison, T. G., Kalin, R., & Morrison, M. A. (2004). Body-image evaluation and body-image investment among adolescents: A test of sociocultural and social comparison theories. Adolescence, 39(155), 571.

Öngören B. (2015). Sociological Perspective Of Healthy Body Image, Journal Of Social Sciences and Humanities Researches,34:25-45.

Robinson K., Ferraro F. R. (2004). The relationship between types of female athletic participation and female body type. J Psychol. 138, 115-128.

Santa Barbara, N. J., Whitworth, J. W., & Ciccolo, J. T. (2017). A systematic review of the effects of resistance training on body image. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 31(10), 2880-2888.

Smith, D., Wright, C., Ross, N., & Warmington, S. (2006). Sports Advertising and Body Image Body Image: New Research (pp. 65-73): Nova Science Publisher.

Tahhan, A. M. A. A., Özdal, M., Vural, M., & Mayda, M. H. (2018). Acute effects of aerobic and anaerobic exercises on circulation parameters. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science.

Thompson R. A., Sherman R. T. (2005). The last word: Athletes, eating disorders and the four-minute mile. Eat Disord. 13, 321-324.

Thompson, J. K., Heinberg, L. J., Altabe, M., & Tantleff-Dunn, S. (1999). Exacting beauty: Theory, assessment, and treatment of body image disturbance: American Psychological Association.

Torstveit M. K., Rosenvinge J., Sundgot-Borgen J. (2008). Prevalence of eating disorders and the predictive power of risk models in female elite athletes: A controlled study. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 18: 108-118.

Tylka, T. L., Wood-Barcalow, N. L. (2015). What is and what is not positive body image? Conceptual foundations and construct definition. Body Image, 14, 118-129.

Yamak B., İmamoğlu O., Çebi M. (2016). The Effects of the Physical Fitness Levels of Adolescents on Body Image, Self-Concept and Stress Levels, The Journal of Academic Social Science, 4 (34),191-201.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Tuğba Şam, Abdil Ceylan, Mehmet Sümer, H. Nedim Çetin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2022. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).