THE INFLUENCE AND DIFFERENCES OF ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS AND MOTOR SKILLS IN TWO GENERATION STUDENTS IN THE ATHLETIC DISCIPLINE OF HIGH JUMP

Aleksandar Simeonov, Mitrichka Dzambazovska-Stardelova, Ratko Pavlović

Abstract


Anthropometric characteristics, motor skills as well as good technical performance are very important in the result of the athletic discipline - High Jump. Aim: The aim of this research was to determine the impact and differences in morphological characteristics and motor skills in athletic discipline high jump, at both generations of students at the Faculty of Physical Education, Sports and Health. In a sample of 100 respondents, consisted of full-time second year students at the age of 20 years with ± of 6 months at the Faculty of Physical Education Sport and Health in Skopje. Divided into two groups 50 respondents in both generations surveyed - 2016 and 2018, research has been done. Methods: In our research for assessment of the morphological structure of the respondents, 14 morphological variables were used, and 5 motor variables for assessment of psychomotor abilities. The athletic discipline - high jump is used as a criterion variable. Results: From the obtained results of the regression analysis, we noticed that the morphological variables have a significant impact on the criterion variable - High Jump only in the first group of participants - 2016 generation (Q=0.008). Regarding the motor skills that were the subject of analysis in our research, we found that all five motor variables used as a test to test their abilities have a significant impact as a system on the criterion variable – High Jump (Q=0.000). According to the multivariate (MANOVA) and univariate analysis (ANOVA) of the results of both groups of entities, we noticed that both groups of respondents differ in their morphological characteristics and biomotor abilities (Q=0.000). Conclusion: Based on the results obtained from the applied research procedure, we came to the conclusion that the morphological structure of the respondents has a significant role in achieving greater height in аthletic discipline – High Jump. In terms of motor skills, we came to the conclusion that students should use the motor tests that were used in the research in the preparation phase, in order to be able to successfully meet the norm and achieve better results in the High Jump. The differences between the respondents would be smaller if they pay more attention to the preparation for the fulfillment of the norm in this athletic discipline, because from our experience so far we can say that is the most difficult athletic disciplines for students.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


morphology, motor skills, high jump, analysis, impact, differences

Full Text:

PDF

References


Antekolović, Lj., Zufar, G. & Hofman, E. (2004). Methodology for the development of explosive power such as jumping, International scientific-professional conference, Fitness training of athletes, Proceedings. 13, (7): 127-136, Faculty of Physical Education, University of Zagreb.

Аsadi, A. (2013). Effects of seasonal plyometric training on sprint and balance for basketball performance. Sport science. 6 (1): 24-27.

Аsllani, I. (2007). Uticaj eksplozivne snage na rezultatsku efikasnost u daljinskim skokovima kod omladinaca, [Influence of explosive power on result efficiency in long jumps in young people. In Serbian] Doktorski rad, Fakultet za sport i turizam- Novi Sad.

Atanasković, A. & Georgiev, M. (2014). Influence of programmed strength training on explosive power of the lower extremities in children aged 11-14 years. TIMS Acta. 8 (2): 147-154.

Bonacin, D., Blažević, S., Bilić, Ž., Kostovska, Z., Bonacin, D. (2012). Changes in the latent morphological dimensions and the explosive force of the feet in boys aged 7-9, International journal of scientific issues in physical education, sport and health. Research in Physical Education, Sport and Health. 1 (2): 39-42.

Čillik, I., Pupiš, M., Ďurják, O., Pavlović, R., & Bonacin, D. (2013). Speed and speed-strength abilities of the representatives for Slovakia in short-distance runs in pupils category in Athletics, Sport Science. 6 (1): 38-43.

Jakoljević, D. & Batričević, D. (2008). Effects of explosive power model for development on motor and functional abilities of students, Sport Science. 4(2): 31-37.

Kondrić, M., Duraković, M. & Metikoš, D. (2002). Contribution to the knowledge of the relations of morphological and motor characteristics of 7-19 year old students. Kinesiology. 34 (1):38-43.

Miller, M. G., Herniman, J. J., Ricard, MD., Christopher, C., Cheatham and Timothy J. Michael (2006). The Effects of a 6-Week Plyometric Training Program on Agility. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 5 (3):459-465.

Nikolić, B. (2001). Analysis of the effectiveness of specifically programmed training for the development of explosive power of the jumping type in basketball players, Kinesiology for the 21st Century. 9(2): 42-51.

Petrović, M., Mihajlović, I., Smajić, M., Đinić, I. (2012). Differences in indicators of explosive power of lower extremities of athletes of different sports activities. Acta Kinesiologica. 6 (1): 66-72.

Pavlović, R., Radić, Z. & Simeonov, A. (2013). Differences in anthropological space of jumpers finalists of the Beijing Olympics. Research in Physical Education, Sport and Health. 2 (2): 73-79.

Radić, Z., & Simeonov, A. (2006). Athletics – technique. Publishing company Alkom, Skopje.

Radić, Z., & Simeonov, A. (2013). Athletics – Methodology. Publishing company Alkom, Skopje.

Radić, Z. & Simeonov, A. (2009). Relations between morphological characteristics and results in the jumping discipline. In Proceedings FIS Communications. 7(2): 16-22.

Radić, Z. and Simeonov, A. (2014). Influence of motor variables on the result in the long jump in athletic pentathlon, International Magazine for Track and Field. 13 (2):28-35. Sofia.

Radić, Z., Simeonov, A. & Rakovic, A. (2014). Comparative analysis of the structure of the morphological, basic and specific motor space, Faculta humanitnych vied Slovenska asocijacija Kondicnyh trenerov, recenzovany vedecky zbornik z medzinarodney vedeckey konferencie kondicny Trening, Univerzitet Mateja Bela, Banska Bistrica, 14, (1): 58-64.

Stanković, D., Joksimović A. & Raković, A. (2011). The Influence of Longitudinal and Circular Dimensions on the Results of Long Jump. Research in Physical Education, Sport and Health. 1 (2): 22-29.

Simeonov, A., Radić, Z. & Stojanović, T. (2015). Explosive power as an indicator of success in vertical jumps, Research in Physical Education, Sport and Health. 1 (2): 123-128.

Wolfgang, R., & Harald, M. (2017). Run, Jump, Throw. The official IAAF Guide to Teaching Athletics, (pp.113-152).

Živković, M. & Lazarević, V. (2011). Influence of the flexibility and explosive power on the results in sprint disciplines, Research in Physical Education, Sport and Health. 1 (2): 123-128.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v6i9.3468

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Aleksandar Simeonov, Mitrichka Dzambazovska-Stardelova, Ratko Pavlović

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2022. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).