INVESTIGATION OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY PARAMETERS AND ANXIETY STATUS OF ACTIVE INDIVIDUALS

Esin Kaplan

Abstract


The aim of this study is to examine the heart rate variability (HRV) parameters, trait anxiety, and competitive state anxiety levels of active individuals. The research was conducted with a total of 28 men and women aged 18-26 who exercise regularly. Personal information form, trait anxiety inventory, and competitive state anxiety inventory (CSAI-2) were applied to the volunteers. Heart Rate Variability measurement was performed using the Heart Math emWave Pro + device. In the analysis of the data, normal distribution criteria were checked using the Shapiro-Wilk test. T-test was used for variables with normal distribution, and Mann Whitney U test was used for variables that did not show normal distribution. Pearson and Spearman correlation analyzes were conducted to examine the relationship between cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, and HRV parameters. According to the findings, a statistically significant difference in favor of women was found between the genders in the LF / HF (log) (p = .011) parameter (p <0.05). According to the correlation analysis, a significant negative correlation was observed between somatic anxiety and the parameters SDNN, RMSSD, LF (Log) (-.457; -.403; -.462 respectively). In conclusion, men and women who exercise regularly have similar anxiety states. It is observed that women have better sympathovagal balance compared to men. The absence of stress parameters that cause impairment in heart rhythm such as anxiety does not cause deterioration in the structure of HRV. In addition, there is a negative correlation between somatic anxiety and some HRV parameters.

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HRV, anxiety, regular exercise

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v6i10.3578

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