Iman Sabeeh Hussein, Bilal Ali Ahmed


The research problem arose through researchers' follow-up of training curricula for athletes in athletics in general and 400-meter runners in particular. Most training curricula adopt physical and skill exercises without paying attention to the need for energy appropriate for the effort exerted during the race or training. The Pro Health program - Commerce with Compassion is used in this research to calculate the calories spent during training to find out what is burned during training. The experimental research method is used in this research. The research sample was selected from young 400-meter joggers (9 runners). The arithmetic mean for age is (19.64), a standard deviation is (± 1.5), with an arithmetic mean for training age which is (6.6) with a standard deviation (± 1.65), an arithmetic mean for mass (71) with a standard deviation (± 2.54), an arithmetic mean for height (172) cm, and a standard deviation (± 3.5). The results showed that the calories consumed during training changed during training. The differences were statistically in favor of the post-test. The differences energy variable remaining in the body after performing the effort, whether in calories or kilojoules, were not significant. This means that the amounts of energy remained the same, whether in the pre or post-test. The cost of energy per 1 kg of the body, appeared in the indicator, indicated that the differences are not significant between what the body consumes during physical activity and the remaining calories in the body for both tests. It also showed that there is an imbalance between calories and their output in kilo joules that the sample members take from food, and the calories they burn to make physical effort.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


physical and biomechanical abilities, 400-meter run, calculated calories

Full Text:



a. Journals

Ajeel, Ali Naeem & Al-Fadhli, Sareeh Abdul-Kareem (2020). Special Exercises in Accordance with the Law of Centrifugation in some Physical Abilities of the Second Curve and the Completion of Running 400 meters Hurdles. Physical Education Journal, (1) 32.

Al-Fadhli, Sareeh Abdul-Kareem et al. (2010). Using Performance Index to Determine the Calories Required for Training and its Effect on Developing some Physical Abilities, Physiological Variables, and Achievement for 400-meter Running Youth. Zangoy Suleimani Journal for Human Studies.

Butler, H., et al. (2005). Consensus Statement of the 1st International Exercise-Associated Hyponatremia Consensus Development Conference, Cape Town, South Africa 2005. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 208-2013.

Falcone, P. H., et al. (2015). Caloric expenditure of aerobic, resistance, or combined high-intensity interval training using a hydraulic resistance system in healthy men. J Strength Cond Res., 3.

Manna, I., & Gulshan, L. (2013). Effect of Training on Selected Biochemical Variables of Elite Male Swimmers. American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 13-16.

Swimmers. American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 13-16.

Nasser, N. M., et al. (2019). Training According to The Required Calories as a Function of Muscular Work and its Impact on the Development of Some Physical Abilities and the Achievement of Long Distances Running 5000 Meters;. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, 10(7).

b. Books

Clark, N. (2003). Sports Nutrition Guidebook. 3rd ed. Brookline: Human Kinetics.

Wilmore, J. H., & Costill, D. L. (2005). Physiology of Sport and Exercise (3rd ed.). Human Kinetics Publishing.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Iman Sabeeh Hussein, Bilal Ali Ahmed

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).