Ntallas Constantinos, George Dallas


The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of an 8-week whole-body vibration intervention program on muscular strength of upper extremities. Twenty-four physical educations participated in this study. Participants were separated in two equal group; the experimental group (EG), and the control group (CG). Before the inception of the intervention program all participants were evaluated with random order in the a) the circumference of each arm, b) the number of push-ups; c) grip strength; d) chest medicine ball throw and immediately after the end of intervention program and two days after. Participants applied a total of 24 sessions, three times per week at the same time of the day. The frequency and amplitude of the vibration platform were 35 Hz and 2 mm, respectively. The intervention program consisted of three different exercises which each had duration of 30 sec. A 30 sec rest was mediated between each trial and a 2 min time interval between exercises in order to avoid the fatigue effect. No significant interaction effect was found for the examined upper extremities variables (p < .05). Furthermore, no significant time and no group effect were found also (p < .05). Paired t-test comparisons revealed significant post differences in comparison to baseline values on medicine ball throw and left arm circumference. According to the results, EG showed a statistically significant improvement in medical ball throw and in left hand circumference, while improvement was also found in the other parameters considered.

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vibration, upper extremities, muscular strength, grip strength

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