SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS OF LEISURE TIME PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN NIGERIA

Solomon B. Oguntuase, Yanlin Sun, Tolulope C. Apata, Jephtah O. Ogunsanya

Abstract


Despite the numerous benefits associated with leisure time physical activity (LTPA), it is quite worrisome that the habit of regularly engaging in LTPA is rare among Nigerians, especially among adolescents who are found in myriads of sedentary lifestyle behaviour as a result of technological and economical advancement. The present study examined socio-demographic and psychological determinants of LTPA among adolescents in Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was conducted and multistage sampling technique was employed to recruit 1200 adolescents (Male =59.7%; Female =40.3%; Age: 10-19years) from twelve secondary schools in Southwest States, Nigeria. Physical Activity Self-Efficacy for Adolescent (PASE), The Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS), Activity Questionnaire for Adults and Adolescents (AQuAA) and Self-developed Socio-demographic Questionnaire were used to collect the data. Data were analyzed using statistics of frequency count, percentages & Multiple Regression. The result of the study showed that socio-demographic (F(8,1191) = 4.980; p< .05; R2 = .28) accounting for 28% of its variance and psychological factors (F (2,1197) =31014.342, p< .05; R2 = .99) accounting for 99% of its variance) were significant. Based on the findings, adolescents in Southwest states in Nigeria do not meet the World Health Organization recommendations on physical activity. Both socio-demographic and psychological factors significantly determined LTPA and these factors could be taken into account in the development of interventions to increase LTPA levels throughout the life course among adolescents in Nigeria. 

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


leisure-time physical activity, socio-demographic, motivation, self-efficacy, adolescents

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adegoke, B. & Oyeyemi, A. L. (2011). Physical inactivity in Nigerian young adults: prevalence and socio-demographic correlates. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 8, 1135 -1142

Ajibua M. A., Olorunsola H. K. & Bewaji O. B. (2013). Perceived motivational factors influencing leisure-time physical activity involvement of teaching and non-teaching staff in tertiary institutions in Ondo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Asian Social Science 3 (1):10-19

Ajibua, M. A, Babalola, A. J. & Oyesegun, O. O. (2014). Perceived motives for participation in leisure-time physical activity among employees of tertiary institutions in Ondo State, Nigeria. Journal of Education & Human Development March, 3 (1), 559-571

Ajibua, M. A. & Dominic, O. L. (2018). Quantification of leisure-time physical activity among university students in South-west, Nigeria. Journal of Physical Education and Sport 13 (1), 72-78.

Akarolo-Anthony, S. N., & Adebamowo, C. A. (2014). Prevalence and correlates of leisure-time physical activity among Nigerians. BMC Public Health 14 (1): 529. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-529. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-529

Aljayyousi, G. F., Munshar, M. A., Al-Salim, F. and Osman, E. (2019). Addressing context to understand physical activity among Muslim university students: the role of gender, family, and culture. BMC Public Health 19:1452, 1-12

Allison, K. R., Dwyer, J. J. M. and Makin, S. (1999). Self-efficacy and participation in vigorous physical activity by high school students. Health Education and Behavior, 26(1):12-24

Awotidebe, T. O., Adedoyin, R. A., Adegbesan, O. A., Babalola, J. F., Olukoju, I. O., Mbada, C. E. Chirwa, E. & Bisiriyu, L. A. (2014). Psychosocial correlates of physical activity among university students. International Journal of Sports Science, 4(6): 205-211 DOI: 10.5923/j.sports.20140406.01

Bagley, S. Salmon, J. & Crawford, D. (2006). Family structure and children’s television viewing and physical activity, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 38, 5, 910–918

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company

Benjamins, M. R. (2012). Religious beliefs, diet and physical activity among Jewish adolescents. Journal for the scientific study of religion, 51 (3), 588-597

Biddle S. J. H. & Mutrie N. (2008). Psychology of physical activity. Determinants, well-being and interventions. 2nd Edition, Routledge, London.

Cagla, E., Canlan, Y. & Demir, M. (2009). Recreational exercise motives of adolescents and young adult. Journal of Human Kinetics, 12: 83-89.

Chida, Yoichi, Andrew Steptoe, and Lynda H. Powell. (2009). Religiosity/spirituality and mortality. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 78: 81–90.

Chigbu, C. O., Berger, U. Aniebue, U. & Parhofer, K. G. (2020). Physical activity and outdoor leisure time physical exercise: A population study of correlates and hindrances in a resource-constrained African setting. Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, 13: 1791-1799. Doi http://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.528158

Chinapaw, M. J., Slootmaker, S. M., Schuit, A. J., van Zuidam, M., van Mechelen, W., (2009). Reliability and validity of the Activity Questionnaire for Adults and Adolescents (AQuAA). BMC Med Res Methodol 9, 58.

Chiu, L. K. & Kayat, K. (2010). Psychological determinants of leisure time physical activity participation among Public University Students in Malaysia. AJTLHE 2, (2), 33-45

Davison, K. (2004). Activity-related support from parents, peers, and siblings and adolescents’ physical activity: are there gender differences? Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 1,4, 363–376.

de Moraes A. C, Guerra, P. H, Menezes, P. R. (2013). The worldwide prevalence of insufficient physical activity in adolescents; a systematic review. Nutr Hosp;28 (3): 575–584.

Dias da Costa, J. S., Hallal, P. C., Wells, J. C., Daltoe, T., Fuchs, S. C., Menezes, A. M. & Olinto, M. T. (2005). Epidemiology of leisure-time physical activity: a population-based study in southern Brazil. Cadernos de Saude Publica.;21:275–282. doi: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000100030

Dishman, R. K., Hales, D. P., Sallis, J. F., Saunders, R., Dunn, A. L., Bedimo-Rung, A. L., & Ring, K. B. (2010). Validity of social-cognitive measures for physical activity in middle-school girls. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 35(1), 72–88.

Duncan, S. C., Duncan T. E., Strycker, L. A. & Chaumeton, N. R. (2004). A multilevel analysis of sibling physical activity. J Sport Exerc Psychol. 26:57–68

Fitzgerald, A., Fitzgerald, N., & Aherne, C. (2012). Do peers matter? A review of peer and/or friends’ influence on physical activity among American adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 35(4), 941-958. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.

Guthold, R., Cowan, M. J., Autenrieth, C. S., Kann, L. & Riley, L. M. (2010). Physical activity and sedentary behavior among school-children: a 34-country comparison. J Pediatr.157(1):43.

Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. & Biddle, S. J. H. (2002). A meta-analytic review of the theories of reasoned actions and planned behaviour in physical activity: Predictive and the contribution of additional variables, Journal of Exercise Psychology 24: 3-32.

Hallal, P. C., Andersen, L. B., Bull, F. C., Guthold, R., Haskell, W., Ekelund U., et al. (2012). Global physical activity levels: surveillance progress, pitfalls, and prospects. Lancet; 380(9838):247–257. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60646-1.

Jandric, S. (2010). Differences between boys and girls in terms of physical activity. Physical Education and Sport, 8(1), 1-7

Jonathan, M., Y., (2016). Leisure time physical activity participation motivation of secondary school student in Hong Kong. Thesis submitted to the Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University for the award of Bachelor of Social Sciences (Honours) in Sport and Recreation Leadership.

Kahn, J. A., Huang, B., Gillman, M. W, Field, A. E., Austin, S. B., Colditz, G. A. & Frazier, A. L. (2008). Patterns and Determinants of Physical Activity in U.S. Adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 42:369–377. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2007.11.143.

Kjonniksen, L., Torsheim, T., & Wold, B. (2008). Tracking of leisure-time physical activity during adolescence and young adulthood: a 10-year longitudinal study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act5, 69

Lee, I. M., et al. (2012). Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy, The Lancet, 380: 219–29

Liu, H. & Dai, X. (2017). Correlation between physical activity and self-efficacy in Chinese university students. Journal of Sport Psychology, 26, (4), 110-114

Lo, F. E., Tsai, F. C., Lee, M. B., Tsai, L. T., Lyu, S. Y., & Yang, C. C. (2015). Contextual factors influencing leisure physical activity of urbanized indigenous adolescents. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, 114 (11), 1082–1087. DOI: 10.1016/j

Loucaides, C. A. (2009). School location and gender differences in personal, social, and environmental correlates of physical activity in Cypriot middle school children. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 6(6), 722-730.

Lubowiecki-Vikuk, A., & Biernat, E. (2017). Socio-demographic determinants of leisure time physical inactivity of adolescents from the Voivodeships of Central Poland. Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine | Vol. 17, No. 1/2017: 41–50

Marques A. et al. (2015). Socio-demographic correlates of leisure time physical activity among Portuguese adults. Cad. Saúde Pública, Rio de Janeiro, 31(5):1061-1070

McMinn, A. M., van Sluijs, E. M. F., Wedderkopp, N., Froberg, K., & Griffin, S. J. (2008). Sociocultural correlates of physical activity in children and adolescents: findings from the Danish arm of the European Youth Heart Study. Pediatric Exercise Science, 20(3),319-33

Mukona, D., Munjanja, S. P., Zvinavashe, M., & Stray-Pederson, B. (2016). Physical activity in pregnant women in Africa: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery, 8, 28–34

Muller, A. M., Khoo, S. & Lambert, R. (2013). Review of physical activity prevalence of Asian school-age children and adolescents. Asia Pac J Public Health;25(3):227–238.

Nagel, E. & Sgoutas-Emch, S. (2007). The relationship between spirituality, health beliefs, and health behaviors in college students. Journal of Religion and Health 46: 141–54. [CrossRef]

Ndagire, C. T., Muyonga, J. H. & Nakimbugwe, D. (2019). Fruit and vegetable consumption, leisure- time physical activity, and sedentary behavior among children and adolescent students in Uganda. Food Sci Nutr.;7:599–607. https://doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.883

Oyeyemi, A. L., Ishaku, C. M., Oyekola, J., Wakawa, H. D., Lawan, A., Yakubu, S., & Oyeyemi, A. Y. (2016). Patterns and associated factors of physical activity among adolescents in Nigeria. Plos One, 11(2), 1–16

Payne, S., Townsend, N., & Foster, C. (2013). The physical activity profile of active children in England. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 10, 136. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-136

Petosa, R. J., Hortz, B. V., Cardina, C. E. & Suminski, R. R. (2005). Social cognitive theory variables associated with physical activity among high school students. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 26, 158-163.

Rimmer J. H., Nicola T., Riley B. & Creviston T. (2002). Exercise training for African Americans with disabilities residing in difficult social environments. Am J Prev Med., 23(4):290–295

Saffer, H., Dave, D. M. & Grossman, M. (2011). Racial, ethnic and gender differences in physical activity. Working Paper 17413. http://www.nber.org/papers/w17413

Sallis J., Prochaska J. & Taylor, W. (2000). A review of correlates of physical activity of children and adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc.; 32:963–975. [PubMed]

Sedibe, H. M., Kahn, K., Edin, K., Gitau, T. & Ivarsson, A. (2014). Norris AS. Qualitative study exploring healthy eating practices and physical activity among adolescent girls in rural South Africa. BMC Pediatrics; 14:211. PMID:25164604

Shibata, A., Oka, K., Nakamura, Y. & Muraoka I. (2009). Prevalence and demographic correlates of meeting physical activity recommendation among Japanese adults. J Phys Act Health, 6:24-32

Shokrvash, B., Majlessi, F., Montazeri, A., Nedjat, S., Rahimi, A., Djazayeri, A., & Shojaeezadeh, D. (2013). Correlates of physical activity in adolescence: a study from a developing country. Global Health Action, 6, 20327-20327. doi: 10.3402/ghav6i0.20327

Zach, S., Bar-Eli, M. Morris, T. & Moore, M. (2012). Measuring motivation for physical activity: An Exploratory Study of PALMS – The physical activity and leisure motivation scale. Nova Science Publishers

Telama, R. (2009). Tracking of physical activity from childhood to adulthood: A review. Obes Facts2, 187-195

Wojtyła, A., Biliński, P., Bojar, I., & Wojtyła, K. (2011) Physical activity among junior high school adolescents in Poland. Problemy Higieny i Epidemiologii, 92, 335–3

World Health Organization (2014). Global recommendations on physical activity for health. Retrieved: December 15, 2017 from http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2010/9789241599979_eng.pdf

World Health Organization (WHO). (2015). Physical activity strategy for the WHO European Region 2016-2025. Retrieved: December 18, 2017 from http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/282961/65wd09e_PhysicalActivityStrategy_150474.pdf

World Health Organization (2017b). Physical activity and young people. Recommended levels of physical activity for children aged 5–17 years. Available from: http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_young_people/en/ Accessed on June 07, 2021

World Health Organization (2005). Regional committee for Africa. Diseases in the African region: current situation and perspective. Maputo: World Health Organization.

World Health Organization Prevalence of insufficient physical activity. (2018). https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity. Accessed on June 07, 2021.

Yao, C. A. & Rhodes, R. E. (2015). Parental correlates in child and adolescent physical activity: a meta-analysis. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity BioMe.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v7i4.3985

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Solomon B. Oguntuase, Yanlin Sun, Tolulope C. Apata, Jephtah O. Ogunsanya

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2022. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).