LA DUREE POUR AMELIORER LES PERFORMANCES ET DISSIPER LES EFFETS NEGATIFS APRES LE STRETCHING PASSIF EST COMPRISE ENTRE 2 ET 15 MINUTES \ DURATION TO IMPROVE PERFORMANCE AND DISPEL NEGATIVE EFFECTS AFTER PASSIVE STRETCHING IS BETWEEN 2 AND 15 MINUTES

Mokkedes Moulay Idriss, Zerf Mohammed, Bengoua Ali, Touati Blidi, Belfakroun Abdellah, Mabrouki Fatiha

Abstract


The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of passive stretching alone on subsequent sprinting and jump performance. Two different stretching protocols: (a) static stretch (SS) to point of discomfort (POD); (b) a control warm-up condition without stretching were implemented with a prior aerobic warm-up and followed by dynamic activities. The control condition showed signficant differences (p = 0.05) for sprint, agility run, jump and measure of flexibility tests faster than the PS, POD condition. There were variable effects during the four phases of play. The performances were affected during the first time (D1), recuperation of muscular capacities in the second (D2), significant progresses in the third (D3) and stability with some perturbation in the last (D4). The lack of stretch-induced impairments may be attributed to the trained state of the participants or the amount of time used after stretching before the performance. Participants were either amateurs or regional level football athletes who trained 3–4 times a week with each session lasting; 90 minutes. Based on these findings and the literature, highly trained individuals or intermediary who wishes to implement static stretching should include an adequate warm-up and dynamic sport- specific activities with at least 15 or more minutes of recovery before their sport activity.

 

L’intérêt de la présente recherche porte précisément sur la relation entre le stretching passif et la performance sportive en fonction de la durée de jeu. La procédure vise à  inclure un stretching passif pendant la phase d’échauffement qui précède l’épreuve de sprint et de sauts chez des footballeurs Amateurs et à étudier l’effet de cette pratique sur les performances en fonction des durées de jeu (après 2min de repos, 15min de jeu, 30min de jeu et 45min de jeu). Deux protocoles d'échauffement différents: (a) avec stretching passif  (SP) au point d'inconfort (POD); (B) sans stretching passif  ont été mis en œuvre avec un échauffement aérobie avant suivie par des activités dynamiques. Dans les conditions de contrôle les résultats ont montré des différences plus significatives (p = 0,05) que la condition SP≤ POD concernant toutes les variables. Les effets du stretching passif au cours des quatre phases de jeu avaient influencé variablement les performances des joueurs. Les performances ont été affectées au cours de la première fois (D1), récupération des capacités musculaires dans la deuxième (D2), une progression significative dans la troisième (D3) et stabilité avec une certaine perturbation dans la dernière (D4). Cet effet induits par le stretching passif peut être attribuée au niveau de préparation des participants ou la durée de repos utilisé après stretching passif  et avant la performance, soit le stretching passif manifeste des effets négatifs au début puis son interaction avec la durée, le type et l’intensité de l’effort améliore les performances au fur et à mesure. Les participants étaient des athlètes de niveau régionales qui s’entrainaient 3-4 fois par semaine avec des séances de 90 minutes. Sur la base de ces observations et de la littérature, les athlètes de performance  qui souhaitent mettre en œuvre un stretching passif devrait inclure un échauffement adéquat et des activités dynamiques au sport spécifiques avec au moins 15 minutes ou plus de récupération avant leur épreuve sportive. 

 

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Keywords


passive stretching, performance, acute and chronic effects, dissipation \ stretching passif, la performance, effets aigus et chroniques, dissipation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v0i0.404

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