Shantikumar Meetei Ngangbam, Chen Jung-Sheng


In the last six or so decades, researchers have investigated, proved and shown the benefits of sports and physical activities on students’ physical and mental health, academic performance and overall personal development. However, many researchers found that more and more students were staying away from sports and physical activities. Today, more than 80% of adolescent and 40-50% of college students globally did not meet the current physical activity per day recommended by the World Health Organization, thus keeping them unhealthy and unfit. This led researchers around the world to investigate the perceived facilitators and barriers that keep students away from these healthy activities. But, so far Taiwan region is concerned, no internationally published study has been done on this topic. To fill up the gap, the present quantitative, descriptive cross-sectional study investigated what perceived benefits and barriers keep in or away Taiwanese students from doing sports and physical activities. 9 self-designed multiple-choice paper survey questionnaires were administered among 199 students of different age groups, studying at different class levels at three educational institutes in New Taipei City, Taiwan during the six months, April to October, 2021. The collected data was then analyzed using Microsoft Excel Pivot table. Results: 82% of students knew doing physical activities could keep them physically and mentally healthy, but only 28% did enough exercise. Main responsible factors were: too much school works, part-time jobs, not enough social encouragements, lack of interest, no self-confidence in sports, and lack of knowledge respectively.


最近六年或者說幾十年來,研究人員經由調查,求證,展示出運動競技和體能活動對於學生們的身心健康、學業成績和全人發展的助益。但是,許多研究人員也發現,有愈來愈多的學生選擇了疏遠運動競賽和體能活動。今日全球有超過 80% 的青少年和 40-50% 的大學生並沒有達到世界衛生組織當前每日體育的訓練量,導致他們不健康和不良的體態。世界各地的研究人員想要利用調研,找出學生保持或遠離運動與體能活動所感知的有利的與障礙因素。但是,有關於台灣地區,目前國際上還沒有發表過相關研究。為了填補這一空白,目前的定量、描述性橫斷面研究調查了台灣學生進行運動競技和體能活動所感知的好處和障礙因素。 2021 年 4 月至 10 月的六個月期間,筆者在新北市三所教育機構的不同班級學習的 199 名不同年齡組學生中進行了自行設計的9題複選的問卷調查。然後對收集的數據進行了分析使用 Microsoft Excel 數據透視表。結果 有 82% 的學生知道從事體能鍛煉可以保持身心健康,卻只有 28% 學生的訓練是足夠的,其主要因素分別為:學校作業過多、兼職工作過多、社會鼓勵不足、缺乏興趣、對運動缺乏自信、知識匱乏。


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


sports, physical activities, facilitators and barriers, health, and academic performance / 運動競技、體能活動、促進因素和障礙、健康和學業成績

Full Text:



Alkhateeb, S. A., Alkhameesi, N. F., Lamfon, G. N. (2019). Pattern of physical exercise practice among university students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (before beginning and during college): a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 19, 1716.

Andersen, M. P., Starkopf, L., Sessa, M., Mortensen, R. N., Vardinghus-Nielsen, H., Bøggild, H., Lange, T., & Torp-Pedersen, C. (2017). The indirect and direct pathways between physical fitness and academic achievement on commencement in post-compulsory education in a historical cohort of Danish school youth. BMC public health, 17(1), 699.

Eva Sanz-Arazuri, Ana Ponce-de-León-Elizondo, and María Ángeles Valdemoros-San-Emeterio (2012). Parental Predictors of Physical Inactivity in Spanish Adolescents. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine.

Arzu, D., Tuzun, E. H., & Eker, L. (2006). Perceived barriers to physical activity in university students. Journal of sports science & medicine, 5(4), 615–620.

Awadalla N. J., Aboelyazed A. E., Hassanein M. A., Khalil S. N., Aftab R., Gaballa I. I., Mahfouz A. A. (2014, Oct.) Assessment of physical inactivity and perceived barriers to physical activity among health college students, south-western Saudi Arabia. East Mediterr Health J. 2014 Oct 20;20 (10):596-604. PMID: 25356690.

Boiché J. S. C., Sarrazin P. G. (2009). Proximal and distal factors associated with dropout versus maintained participation in organized sport. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 8(1), 9-16.

Ching-Lin Wu and Chen-Kang Cha (2019). Results from the Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) 2018 Report Card on physical activity for children and youth. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness 17 (2019) 8e13.

Christine A. Crumbley, Tracey A. Ledoux, Craig A. Johnston (2019, 14 October). Physical Activity During Early Childhood: The Importance of Parental Modeling. Journal article.

Donnelly, J. E., Hillman, C. H., Castelli, D., Etnier, J. L., Lee, S., Tomporowski, P., Lambourne, K., & Szabo-Reed, A. N. (2016). Physical Activity, Fitness, Cognitive Function, and Academic Achievement in Children: A Systematic Review. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 48(6), 1197–1222.

Kenneth R. Allison, Edward M. Adlaf, John J. M. Dwyer, Daria C. Lysy, Hyacinth M. Irving, M. (2007, March). The Decline in Physical Activity among Adolescent Students a Cross-national Comparison. Canadian journal of public health.

Kevi McCoy (2020). Influences and Perceptions of Exercise and Physical Activity among Taiwanese and non-Taiwanese Adults. (Master’s Thesis). National Chengchi University, Taiwan.

Kyan, A., Takakura, M., & Miyagi, M. (2018). Does Physical Fitness Affect Academic Achievement among Japanese Adolescents? A Hybrid Approach for Decomposing Within-Person and Between-Persons Effects. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(9), 1901.

Liu, Hao; Dai, Xia (2017). Correlation between physical activity and self-efficacy in Chinese university students, Department of Physical Education. Journal of Sport Psychology 2017, Vol 26, Suppl 4, pp. 110-114.

Lopez, C. Q., Vera, V. D. G., Lopez, Álzate Jaramillo, Carolina, J., C. (2020). Impact of sport on social cognition: an analysis based on structural equational models. Journal of Physical Education and Sport ® (JPES), Vol.20 (1), Art 4, pp. 31 - 36, 2020 online ISSN: 2247 - 806X; p-ISSN: 2247 – 8051; ISSN - L = 2247 - 8051 © JPES.

Manuel Gómez-López, Antonio Granero Gallegos and Antonio Baena Extremera. (2010, 10 September). Perceived Barriers by University Students in the Practice of Physical Activities, ©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. Journal article. Faculty of Sports Science, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Gorton, Michael J. (2010). Exploring the Impact of Sports Participation on Academic Achievement in a Middle School. (Master’s thesis). The College at Brockport, New York

Michael, S. L., Merlo, C. L., Basch, C. E., Wentzel, K. R., & Wechsler, H. (2015). Critical connections: health and academics. The Journal of school health, 85(11), 740–758.

Mohammad Younis K., Dr Asif J., Dr Umar A. K., Uzma K. (2012). Association between Participation in Sports and Academic Achievement of College Students. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences.

Ngangbam, Shantikumar Meetei (2020, not published yet). The Impact of Regular Exercise or Sports Participation on Student’s Academic Performance. Paper presented at 59th International Conference on Business, Education, Social Science, and management (BESM-59). Taipei, Taiwan.

R. M. Youssef, K. Al Shafie, M. Al-Mukhaini and H. Al-Balushi (2013). Physical activity and perceived barriers among high-school students in Muscat, Oman. Journal article.

Rodolfo Iván Martínez-Lemos, Anna María Puig-Ribera, Oscar García-García (2014) Perceived Barriers to Physical Activity and Related Factors in Spanish University Students. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 4, 164-174.

Sanz-Arazuri E., Ponce-de-León-Elizondo A., Valdemoros-San-Emeterio M. A. (2012). Parental predictors of physical inactivity in Spanish adolescents. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 11.

Smetaniuk, T., Johnson, D., Creurer, J., Block, K., Schlegel, M., Butcher, S., & Oosman, S. N. (2017). Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour of Master of Physical Therapy Students: An Exploratory Study of Facilitators and Barriers. Physiotherapy Canada. Physiotherapie Canada, 69(3), 260–270.

Tomporowski, P. D., Davis, C. L., Miller, P. H., & Naglieri, J. A. (2008). Exercise and Children's Intelligence, Cognition, and Academic Achievement. Educational psychology review, 20(2), 111–131.

Vasilopoulos, F., & Ellefson, M. R. (2021). Investigation of the associations between physical activity, self-regulation and educational outcomes in childhood. PloS one, 16(5), e0250984.

Vibha V. Prasad (2012). Students and Sports: The Participation of Sports and Academic Achievement. (Master’s thesis). Massey University, College of Education, Albany, New Zealand.

World Health Organization. (2019, 22 November). The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health

Zhang, Y., Ma, X., Zhao, J., Shen, H., & Jiang, F. (2019). The Effect of Strengthened Physical Education on Academic Achievements in High School Students: A Quasi-Experiment in China. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(23), 4688.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Shantikumar Meetei Ngangbam, Chen Jung-Sheng

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).