THE EFFECTS OF FREQUENCY AND VOLUME OF TRAINING AND DIETS ON BONE MINERAL DENSITY IN FOOTBALLERS AND WRESTLERS

Ocak Yücel, Gölünük Başpinar Sebiha

Abstract


Regular physical exercise supersedes physical pressure in the body and it stimulates bone growth. It provides benefits to general health and protects bone mass and especially increases bone mineral density. Based on these considerations, the aim of this study is to evaluate the bone mineral density of elite footballers and wrestlers. The effects of different training methods, the frequency and volume of training and protein, carbohydrate and vitamin intake on footballers and wrestlers bone mineral density was examined. This present study was conducted with a total of 90 volunteers and 30 wrestlers, at the age of 24-30, at the level of national team, 30 footballers and 30 sedentary participants. The measurements of bone mineral density was measured in two parts of body with the Dual Energy X Ray Absorbtiometry (DXA) method by using Densitometry and with the equipment GE LUNAR DPX-NT, Madison, USA (L1, L4 and femur). RESULTS: When the athletes who took part in the study were examined, AP spine bone mineral density was calculated as 1,41 gr/cm2 among the wrestlers, 0.63 gr/cm2 among the footballers, and -0,74 gr/cm2 among the control group and the values were statistically significant. Although all groups used vitamins, the difference in intakes was statistically found significant (p<0.05). Bone mineral density of wrestlers who train for longer durations with more mechanical loading to bone mass with anaerobic system and who take more vitamin, mineral and carbohydrate was found to be higher than those of footballers and sedentary group

 

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bone mineral density, physical activity level, diet

References


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