Ahsan Huda Yumkhaibam, Sm Farooque, Sanjib Kumar Bhowmik


Background: Autogenic training (AT) is a relaxation technique that has garnered attention for its potential to reduce anxiety and improve psychological well-being. Objectives: This study aims to synthesize the findings from a diverse range of studies investigating the relationship between autogenic training and anxiety disorder across different populations and settings. Methods: A comprehensive review of 162 studies, including randomised controlled trials (RCTs), non-randomized controlled trials (N-RCTs), surveys, and meta-analysis, was conducted out of these 29 studies were selected which is directly related to the objectives of the studies. Participants in the studies had conditions such as cancer patients, bulimia nervosa, stroke survivors, coronary angioplasty, nursing students, healthy volunteers, athletes, and so on. Anxiety levels were measured before and after the AT intervention using a variety of anxiety assessment scales, including the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). The formats, duration, and delivery of the interventions varied, with some studies utilising guided sessions by professionals and other self-administered practises. Results: The combined findings of these studies revealed consistent trends in the beneficial effects of autogenic training on anxiety reduction. AT was found to be effective in reducing anxiety symptoms across a wide range of populations and settings. Following AT interventions, participants reported reduced anxiety, improved mood states, and improved coping mechanisms. AT was found to be superior to no treatment or a comparable intervention in a number of cases. Conclusion: The body of evidence supports autogenic training as a non-pharmacological approach to reducing anxiety and improving psychological well-being. Despite differences in methodology and participant profiles, the studies show that AT has a positive impact on a wide range of populations. The findings merit further investigation and highlight AT's potential contribution to anxiety management strategies.


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autogenic training, anxiety disorders, meta-analysis, relaxation techniques, therapeutic interventions

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v10i3.5059


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