Trisnar Adi Prabowo


This study aims to investigate and develop a questionnaire to measure athletes’ satisfaction towards sports training. This quantitative research used a structural equating modeling (SEM) approach with the help of Smart-PLS. The population of this study consisted of athletes from Yogyakarta Province, Riau Province, and South Kalimantan Province. The sample was 806 athletes from 27 sports (Table 1) who will compete at the National Sports Week (PON) 2024. PON is a multi-event tournament held every four years in Indonesia, so athletes who will compete have high experience and performance. Athletes who participated in this research were aged 22.6±8.3 years, and they had 10.3±4.7 years of training experience. Instrument preparation is done by reviewing the literature and focus group discussions (FGD) involving sports coaching lecturers and nationally licensed coaches. The results of this study are that the outer loading value is >0.7, and the discriminant validity value (Fornell-Larcker Criteria) is >0.7. Cronbach Alpha Reliability and Composite Reliability also showed > 0.7. Goodness of Fit (GoF) shows an SRMR value of 0.076<0.10 or <0.08, so the model fits the data. The predictive relevance test or Q Square is 0.9>0, so this study has a good observation value. Based on the results, the questionnaire consisted of 16 items divided into four dimensions (Appendix 1), namely the dimensions of training quality, mental and emotional health, competitive performance, and competitive experience. In conclusion, a questionnaire can measure athletes’ satisfaction towards sports training. From the results of this study, it is recommended that athletes’ sports training satisfaction variable be tested on indirect influences as mediating or intervening variables. It can also be used as a variable that strengthens or weakens (moderator). Then, it is combined with other independent and dependent variables in management, psychology, society, education, and sports. So that in the future, it can produce more comprehensive research.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


satisfaction questionnaire, sports satisfaction, athlete’s satisfaction

Full Text:



Aga, A. J., Graha, A. S., Ambarwati, A., Hariono, A., & Prabowo, T. A. (2023). Development of Web-based Pencak Silat Double Category Training Media. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 10(4), 114–130.

Ahsan, M., & Ali, M. F. (2023). Body mass index: A determinant of distress, depression, self-esteem, and satisfaction with life amongst recreational athletes from random intermittent dynamic type sports. Heliyon, 9(4).

Almas, K. Z., Lismadiana, L., Tomoliyus, T., Hariono, A., Prabowo, T. A., & Hikmah, N. (2023). Contribution of Coordination, Balance, Flexibility, Arm Muscle Strength to the “kizami-gyaku Zuki” Punch: European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 10(4), 23–35.

Boyaci, A., & Kizilet, T. (2023). Acute Effects of Cluster Set and Traditional Set Post-activation Potentiation Protocols on Vertical Jump Performance. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 9(6).

Ekelund, R., Holmström, S., & Stenling, A. (2022). Mental Health in Athletes: Where Are the Treatment Studies? Frontiers in Psychology, 13.

Fan, F., Chen, J., Chen, Y., Li, B., Guo, L., Shi, Y., Yang, F., Yang, Q., Yang, L., Ding, C., & Shi, H. (2023). How relationship-maintenance strategies influence athlete burnout: Mediating roles of coach–athlete relationship and basic psychological needs satisfaction. Frontiers in Psychology, 13.

Jaiyeoba, O. M., & Ogunsanya, J. O. (2021). Psychological Characteristics of Health-related Quality of Life among Retired Elite Athletes in Nigeria. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 7(3).

Jin, H., Kim, S., Love, A., Jin, Y., & Zhao, J. (2022). Effects of leadership style on coach-athlete relationship, athletes’ motivations, and athlete satisfaction. Frontiers in Psychology, 13.

Juita, A., Tomoliyus, T., Hariono, A., Syahriadi, S., Sukamti, E. R., Fauzi, F., Alim, A., & Prabowo, T. A. (2024). The effect of service quality and coach competency on the motivation and achievement of Riau basketball student-athletes. SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias Del Deporte, 13, 12.

Karadağ, M., Alayunt, N. Ö., Kargün, K., Savucu, Y., Gür, E., Karadağ, A., & Kızar, O. (2021). Comparison of Some Biochemical Variables during Kickboxing Competitions. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 6(11).

Khorram, M. H. (2022). Goal orientation-based relationship between coaching efficiency, athlete satisfaction, and team cohesion. Scientific Journal of Sport and Performance, 2(1), 70–82.

Kim, H. D., & Cruz, A. B. (2021). Psychological Influence of Self-Management on Exercise Self-Confidence, Satisfaction, and Commitment of Martial Arts Practitioners in Korea: A Meta-Analytic Approach. In Frontiers in Psychology (Vol. 12). Frontiers Media S.A.

Kızar, O., Demir, G. T., & Genç, H. (2021). Examination of the Effect of National and Amateur Disabled Athletes’ Disability Types on Sports Participation Motivation. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science, 6(12).

Kurniawan, D. D., Nopembri, S., & Purnomo, E. (2023). Relationship between anxiety levels and the performance of early adolescent athletic athletes in tri-race numbers. Retos, 48, 742–748.

Li, Q., Li, S., Zhao, H., Jiao, L., & Han, X. (2024). Mixed methods research on satisfaction with athletes’ compensation. Scientific Reports, 14(1).

Li, W. (2022). Modeling and Analysis of Influencing Factors of Competitive Performance of Wushu Athletes. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, 2022.

Liu, P., Li, S., Zhang, Q., Zhang, X., Guo, L., & Li, J. (2022). Effect of paternalistic leadership on Chinese youth elite athletes’ satisfaction: Resilience as a moderator. Frontiers in Psychology, 13.

Liu, X., Wu, B., Weng, X., & Shan, Q. (2023). The effect of the partnership between DanceSport couples on competitive performance: the mediating role of athlete engagement. Frontiers in Psychology, 14.

Maciel, L. F. P., do Nascimento, R. K., Milistetd, M., do Nascimento, J. V., & Folle, A. (2021). Systematic review of social influences in sport: Family, coach and teammate support. In Apunts. Educacion Fisica y Deportes (Issue 145, pp. 39–52). Instituto Nacional de Educacion Fisica de Cataluna.

Mandan, A., Tomoliyus, T., Alim, A., Sukamti, E. R., Fauzi, F., Hariono, A., & Prabowo, T. A. (2024). The impact of service quality, family support, and coach-athlete intimacy on the achievement performance of student-athletes through motivation as a mediator. SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias Del Deporte, 13, 14.

Novan, N. A., Nuryadi, N., Komarudin, K., Risnuwanto, L., & Kumalasari, I. (2021). Factors Influencing The 30th SEA Games 2019 Medals Acquisition: Indonesian Case Study. JUARA : Jurnal Olahraga, 6(2), 239–250.

Nugroho, A., Tomoliyus, T., Sumaryanto, S., & Ilham, I. (2021). Effects of Service Quality, Social Environment and Financial on Motivation, Satisfaction, and Performance for Athletes at Training Center PON XX in DIY. International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences, 9(5), 1067–1079.

Padli, Tjung Hauw Sin, Yanuar Kiram, Jeki Haryanto, Ikhwanul Arifan, & Muhammad Farid Al Abid. (2023). Evaluation of the Achievement Improvement Training Program for Sepaktakraw Athletes. Mimbar Ilmu, 28(2), 240–245.

Prayoga, H. D., Tomoliyus, T., Lumintuarso, R., Fitrianto, A. T., Sukamti, E. R., Fauzi, F., Hariono, A., & Prabowo, T. A. (2024). A Case Study of Indonesian Amateur Boxing Athletes: Is There an Influence of Organizational Culture and Quality of Service on Performance through Achievement Motivation as a Mediator? Retos, 56, 63–72.

Reverdito, R. S., Fonseca, S., Lopes, A., Aires, K., Santos Alves, L., Alves de Lima, L., Tavares, M. de A., & Gonçalves, C. (2023). Sources of Sport Satisfaction and Perceived Self-Efficacy Among Youth in a Competitive Environment. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 130(3), 1221–1238.

Rossi, C., Roklicer, R., Tubic, T., Bianco, A., Gentile, A., Manojlovic, M., Maksimovic, N., Trivic, T., & Drid, P. (2022). The Role of Psychological Factors in Judo: A Systematic Review. In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (Vol. 19, Issue 4). MDPI.

Setiawan, I., Tomoliyus, T., Juita, A., Wijayanti, N. P. N., & Prabowo, T. A. (2023). Analysis of Basketball Coach Competency: A Case Study of Student Level Basketball Coaches in Yogyakarta. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis, 06(07), 3215–3221.

Shang, Y., & Yang, S. Y. (2021). The Effect of Social Support on Athlete Burnout in Weightlifters: The Mediation Effect of Mental Toughness and Sports Motivation. Frontiers in Psychology, 12.

Sridana, R., Tomoliyus, T., Sukamti, E. R., Prabowo, T. A., & Abrori, R. B. (2024). The Effect of Coaching Style on Performance of Athletes Through Anxiety as Mediating Variable in Adolescent Swimmers El efecto del estilo de entrenamiento sobre el rendimiento de los deportistas a través de la ansiedad como variable mediadora en nadadores. Retos, 55, 241–248.

Sumarsono, R. N., Setiawan, E., Ryanto, A. K. Y., Mahardhika, D. B., & Németh, Z. (2023). Investigate Relationship between Grit, Coach Leadership Style with Sports Motivation and Athlete Satisfaction While Training After COVID-19. Studia Sportiva, 17(1), 158–168.

Wibowo, M. S. R., Prasetyo, Y., Sriwahyuniati, C. F., Yulianto, W. D., & Prabowo, T. A. (2024). The effect of self-efficacy, social support, and achievement motivation on archery athlete’s performance. Retos, 54, 348–354.

Wijayanti, N. P. N., Alim, A., Wedi, S., Artanayasa, W., Sudiana, K., Sukamti, E. R., ... & Prabowo, T. A. (2024). The influence of coaches’ behavior on achievement motivation and performance of Riau athletes. SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 13, 11-11.

Zhang, M., Li, C., & Huang, C. (2024). A facile electrochemical cortisol sensing based on zinc oxide nanostructures for monitoring stress and recovery in high-performance athletes. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 88, 145–154.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Trisnar Adi Prabowo

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).