SKELETAL MUSCLES: PHYSIOLOGICAL-BIOELECTRIC AND ENERGY FEATURES, CONTRACTION INTENSITY AND STRENGTH

Ratko Pavlović, Kemal Idrizović, Stanislav Dragutinović, Bojan Bjelica, Marko Joksimović

Abstract


Good knowledge of functions and specific features of a muscular system enables working with athletes in a facilitated, more professional, more quality and safer manner as well as solving issues regarding qualitative use during the training process. Knowledge of the features, legality of skeletal muscles and their functions enables setting grounds for different hypotheses when the issue is athletic sports, and top performances for which we find answers. Accordingly, knowledge of the mentioned muscular features and marks is crucial for every subject whose work is related to sports. Only with a proper knowledge of the legality of the active part of locomotor system, it is possible to implement modern cybernetic models and transformational training processes not only within athletics, but other sports branches as well. This paper analyzes certain physiological legalities, mechanisms and energy processes of muscular contraction.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


muscular contraction, functioning mechanisms, muscle energy

References


Astrand, P.O., & Rodahl, K.(1986). Textbook of Work Physiology, 3rd Edition. New York: Mc-Graw – Hill.

Arheim, D. (1995). Essentials of Athletic Training. WCB/McGraw-Hill, Long Beach. California.

Bajić, M., Jakonić, D. (1996). Fiziologija sa osnovama biohemije i higijene sporta [Physiology with the basics of biochemistry and hygiene sport. In Serbian].Novi Sad: Fakultet fizičke kulture.

Bowers, R, & Fox. E. (1992). Sport Physiology-third edition. A Division of The McGraw-Hill Companies.

Bowerman, W., & Freeman. W. (1995). High-performance training for track and field. Leisure press Champaigu, Ilinois.

Guyton, C.A., Hall, E.J., Saunders, B.W. (1999). Medical Physiology (translation IX edition. In Serbian] Savremena administracija, Beograd.

Dragaš, M. (1998). Antropološke dimenzije u nastavi fizičkog vaspitanja i sportu [The anthropological dimensions in physical education and sport. In Serbian]. Podgorica: Prosvjetni rad.

Fitts. R. H. (1994). Cellular mechanism of muscle fatigue. Physihology. Rew.(74), 49-94.

Janssen, P.G.J.M. (2001). Lactate threshold training. Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL.

Jovović, V. (2006). Atletika biomehanika-tehnika i metodika [Athletics biomechanics technique and methods.In Serbian] Nikšić. Filozofski fakultet-studijski program fizičke kulture.

Kukolj, M. (1996). Opšta antropomotorika [The general anthropomotorics. In Serbian]. Beograd: Fakultet fizičke kulture.

Lenmarken, C, & Bergman, T. (1985). Skeletal Muscle function and man. Clinical Physiology, 5.

Miller, A. & Tarnopolsky, M. A. (1993). Gender differences in strength and muscle fiber characteristics European Journal of Applied Physiology, (66), 254-262.

Monedero, J. (2000). Effect of recovery interventions on lactate removal and subsequent performance. International Journal Of Sports Medicine, (21), 593-597.

Mc Ginnis, P.M. (1999). Biomechanics of sport and exercise. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Nelson, R. (1994). Sport Mechanics. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Nikolić, Z. (1995). Fiziologija fizičke aktivnosti [Physiology of physical activity. In Serbian]. Beograd: Fakultet fizičke kulture.

Perić, D. (1999). Uvod u sportsku antropomotoriku [Introduction to the Sport anthropomotorics. In Serbian] II izdanje. Beograd: Sportska akademija.

Pavlović, R. (2006). Atletika-antropološka obilježja [Athletics-anthropological characteristics.In Serbian]. Istočno Sarajevo: Fakultet fizičke kulture.

Pavlović, R. (2014). Atletika [Athletics.In Serbian]. Niš.SIA.

Stojiljković, S. (2003). Osnove opšte antropomotorike [Basics of general anthropomotorics. In Serbian]. Studentski kulturni centar. Niš.

Sahlin, K. (2000): High-energy phosphates and muscle energetics. U Principles of exercise biochemistry. Medicine and Sport Science, 46. Karger, 87-107.

Ugarković, D. (1996). Biologija razvoja čovjeka sa osnovama sportske medicine [Biology of human development with the basics of sports medicine. In Serbian]. Beograd: Fakultet fizičke kulture.

Volkov, N. (1986). Regularities of the Biochemical Adaptacion of the Sports Training. Moskva.

Willmore, J.H. & Costill, D.L. (1999). Physiology of sport and exercise. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Yakovlev, N. (1983). Chemistry of the Movement. Science, Leningrad.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v0i0.565

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Ratko Pavlović, Kemal Idrizović, Stanislav Dragutinović, Bojan Bjelica, Marko Joksimović

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).