Uriel Sena Lopes Gomes da Silva, Hernán Ariel Villagra, Laura Luna Oliva, Nádia Fernanda Marconi


Background: individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) need upper limbs during activities of daily living that include transferring and propelling a wheelchair. A single session of Whole-body Vibration (WBV) has shown positive impact on musculoskeletal performance. Objective: To investigate the effects of one single session of WBV over the upper limb function in complete SCI during the execution of functional tasks. Design: Individuals with SCI have performed three functional tasks: a timed push up test, grip strength and throw ball test before and after a session of WBV. Participants: 15 individuals with complete SCI were recruited for this study. Interventions: WBV was composed of one single session, five series of thirty seconds vibration with one-minute rest between. The push up test consisted of attempting a maximum number of repetitions during a fifteen second work period followed by a forty-five second rest period. Grip strength was assessed using a handheld dynamometer. Throw ball test consisted on launching a 2Kg medicine ball as afar as possible. Results: WBV statistically improved performance in all three functional tasks. Conclusions: one single session of WBV can improve upper limb performance in complete SCI. 


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



WBV, spinal cord injury, functional tasks, hand dynamometry, push up test, ball throw test


Da Silva USLG, Villagra HA, Oliva LL, Marconi NF. EMG activity of upper limb on spinal cord injury individuals during whole-body vibration. Physiology International (Acta Phys Hung). 2016;103(3):361-7.

Sisto SA, Dyson-Hudson T. Dynamometry testing in spinal cord injury. J Res Dev. 2007;44:123-136.

Jain NB, Higgins LD, Katz JN, Garshick E. Association of shoulder pain with the use of mobility devices in persons with chronic spinal cord injury. PM R. 2010;2:896-900.

Bacha JMR, Cordeiro LRC, Alvisi TC, Bonfim TR. Impacto do treinamento sensório-motor com plataforma vibratória no equilíbrio e na mobilidade funcional de um indivíduo idoso com sequela de acidente vascular encefálico: relato de caso. Fisioter Pesq. 2016;23(1):111-6 112.

Hong H, Mayachela T, Abraham M, Moland1 J. Sullivan. Acute effects of whole body vibration on shoulder muscular strength and joint position sense. J Human Kinetics. 2010;25:17-25.

Alizadeh-Meghrazi M, Masani K, Popovic MR, Craven BC. Whole-body vibration during passive standing in individuals with spinal cord injury: effects of plate choice, frequency, amplitude, and subject's posture on vibration propagation. PM R. 2012;12:963-75.

Hadi SC, Delparte JJ, Hitzig SL, Craven BC. Subjective experiences of men with and without spinal cord injury: tolerability of the juvent and WAVE whole body vibration plates. PM R. 2012;4:954-962.

Abercromby AF, Amonette WE, Layne CS, McFarlin BK, Hinman MR, Paloski WH. Vibration exposure and biodynamic responses during whole-body vibration training. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007;39:1794-800.

Cardinale M, Bosco C. The use of vibration as an exercise intervention. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. 2003;31:3-7.

Gyulai G, Rácz I, Di giminiani I, Tihanyi J. Effect of whole body vibration applied on upper extremity muscles. Acta Phys Hung. 2013;100:37-47.

Amonette WE, Boyle M, Psarakis MB, Barker J, Dupler TL, Ott SD. Neurocognitive responses to a single session of static squats with whole body vibration. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29:96-100.

Bosvelt R, Field-Fote EC. Single-dose effects of whole body vibration on quadriceps strength in individuals with motor-incomplete spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med. 2015;38:784-91.

Di Giminiani R, Fabiani L, Baldini G, Cardelli G, Giovannelli A, Tihanyi J. Hormonal and neuromuscular responses to mechanical vibration applied to upper extremity muscles. PloS One. 2014;4:9:11:e111521.

Kordi Yoosefinejad A, Shadmehr A, Olyaei G, Talebian S, Bagheri H. The effectiveness of a single session of Whole-Body Vibration in improving the balance and the strength in type 2 diabetic patients with mild to moderate degree of peripheral neuropathy: a pilot study. J Bodyw Mov Ther.2014;18:82-6.

Boucher JA, Abboud J, Dubois JD, Legault E, Descarreaux M, Henchoz Y. Trunk neuromuscular responses to a single whole-body vibration session in patients with chronic low back pain: a cross-sectional study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2013;36:564-71.

Schlee G, Reckmann D, Milani TL. Whole body vibration training reduces plantar foot sensitivity but improves balance control of healthy individuals. Neurosci Lett. 2012;506:70-3.

Erskine J, Smillie I, Leiper J, Ball D, Cardinale M. Neuromuscular and hormonal responses to a single session of whole body vibration exercise in healthy young men. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2007;27:242-8.

Cochrane DJ, HawkeEJ. Effects of acute upper-body vibration on strength and power variables in climbers. J Strength Cond Res. 2007;21:527-531.

Bosco C, Cardinale M, Tsarpela O: The influence of vibration on mechanical power and electromyogram activity in human arm flexor muscles. Europ J Appl Physiology. 1999;79:306–311.

Issurin VB, Liebermann DG, Tenenbaum G: Effect of vibratory stimulation training on maximal force and flexibility. J Sports Sci. 1994;12, 561-566.

Issurin VB, Tenenbaum G: Acute and residual effect of vibratory stimulation on explosive strength in elite and amateur athletes. J Sports Sci. 1999;17:177–182.

Liebermann DG, Issurin VB: Effort perception during isotonic muscle contractions with superimposed mechanical vibration stimulation. J. Hum Mov Stud. 1997;32:171-186.

McBride JF, Porcari JP, Scheunke MD: Effect of vibration during fatiguing resistance exercise on subsequent muscle activity during maximal voluntary isometric contractions. J Strength Cond Res. 2004;18:77–781.

Mischi M, Cardinale M: The effects of a 28-Hz vibration on arm muscle activity during isometric exercise. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 2009;41:645–653.

Moran K, McNamara B, Luo J: Effect of vibration training in maximal effort (70% 1RM) dynamic bicep curls. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 2007;39:526-533.

Negrete RJ, Hanney WJ, Kolber MJ, Davies GJ, Ansley MK, Mcbride AB. Reliability, minimal detectable change, and normative values for tests of upper extremity function and power. J Strength Cond Res. 2010;24:3318-25.

Negrete RJ, Hanney WJ, Kolber MJ, Davies GJ, Ansley MK, Mcbride AB. Can upper extremity functional tests predict the softball throw for distance: a predictive validity investigation? Intern J of Sports Phys Ther. 2011;6:104-11.

Negrete RJ, Hanney WJ, Pabian P, Kolber MJ. Upper body push and pull strength ratio in recreationally active adults. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. 2013;8:138-44.

Lubans SJJ, Harries SK. Development, test-retest reliability, and construct validity of the resistance training skills battery. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28:1373-80.

Kolber MJ, Cleland JA. Strength testing using hand-held dynamometry. Phys Ther Rev. 2005;10:99-112.

Schrama PPM, Stenneberg MS, Lucas C, Trijffel EV. Intraexaminer reliability of hand-held dynamometry in the upper extremity: a systematic review. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2014;95:2444-69.

Stark T, Walker B, Phillips JK, Fejer R. Hand-held dynamometry correlation with the gold standard isokinetic dynamometry: a systematic review. PM R. 2001;3:472-479.

Uzun S, Pourmoghaddam A, Hieronymus M. Thrasher TA. Evaluation of muscle fatigue of wheelchair basketball players with spinal cord injury using recurrence quantification analysis of surface emg. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2012;112:3847-3857.

Marín PJ, Herrero AJ, Milton JG, Hazell TJ, García-López D. Whole-body vibration applied during upper body exercise improves performance. J

Strength Cond Res. 2013;27:1807-12.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Uriel Sena Lopes Gomes da Silva, Hernán Ariel Ariel Villagra, Laura Luna Oliva, Nádia Fernanda Marconi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).