CRITICAL ANALYSIS IN USE OF COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE TO IMPROVE TEACHER TRAINEES’ ORAL ABILITY AND TEACHING OF ENGLISH AT THE TEACHER TRAINING COLLEGES IN ZAMBÉZIA, MOZAMBIQUE

Gregório Jorge Gonçalves

Abstract


English language teachers’ trainees at Zambézia Colleges have difficulties in English language speech, which is shown through lack of confidence and fluency when teaching in classes during the teaching practices. It is the topic built on the basis of the frequent interactions with the teacher trainees and observations made through English language teaching practices. Critical analysis in Use of Communicative Competence to Improve Oral Ability and Teaching of English Language Learners at the Teachers' Training Institutes of Zambézia. Dell Hymes (1972) is the proponent of the communicative competence approach under the Sociolinguistics perspective, which later was framed under English language teaching by Canale and Swain (1980) and Canale (1983). It is a fact that the English teacher trainees and teacher trainers need to be helped with current Communicative Language Teaching and Learning Approaches to enhance the quality of their speech as teachers as well as language communicators. The qualitative approach was chosen for this study based on discussions and review of several authors who have written about communicative competence, communicative language teaching and current training procedures to bring out solid suggestions for further improvements on the English language teacher training process so that the trainees must have oral fluency in English language. The current study found out that clear and several teaching activities that can help the teacher trainees to perform fluently and competently during and when and start teaching in the schools.

 

Os estudantes do curso de Inglês nos institutos de formação de professores na Zambézia têm dificuldades no discurso da língua inglesa, o que é demonstrado pela falta de segurança e fluência durante as práticas pedagógicas. Este é um artigo construído com base nas interacções frequentes com os formandos e observações feitas através de práticas de ensino de língua inglesa e do trabalho de pesquisa de doutoramento. Assim, o artigo faz uma análise crítica no uso da competência comunicativa para melhoria das capacidades orais dos formandos e o ensino da língua inglesa nos institutos de formação de professores na província da Zambézia. Dell Hymes (1972) é o proponente da abordagem da competência comunicativa, sob a perspectiva Sociolinguística, que mais tarde foi enquadrada no ensino da língua inglesa por Canale e Swain (1980) e Canale (1983). É um facto que os formandos de professores de inglês e formadores de professores precisam de apoio didáctico-pedagógico com as actuais abordagens de ensino e aprendizagem de ensino de inglês para a melhoria da qualidade do discurso como professores e também como comunicadores de línguas. A abordagem qualitativa foi escolhida para este estudo com base nas discussões e revisão de vários autores que escreveram sobre competência comunicativa, ensino da linguagem comunicativa e procedimentos de formação mais adequados para melhorias no processo de formação de professores de língua inglesa. O presente estudo constata que há actividades de ensino bem claras e diversas que podem ajudar os professores de inglês em formação a aquisição de desempenho fluente e com competência durante a formação e no processo de leccionação nas escolas primárias.

 

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communicative, competence, language, teaching, training / competência, comunicativa, língua, ensino, e formação

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References


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