Sumer Salman Abou Shaaban


This study aimed at revealing teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL) professors' eLearning experiences during the Covid 19 pandemic in the Gaza Strip higher education institutions. For this end, the researcher designed a (20) open-ended questions questionnaires to be completed by (32) TEFL professors in (8) Palestinian higher education institutions. Results showed that TEFL professors need training to develop their skills in designing, developing and drawing action plan for TEFL e-courses that achieve the objectives of foreign language teaching\ learning. Palestinian TEFL professors spent (4- 7) hours daily preparing, meeting, guiding, helping and facilitating learning by using different eLearning programs and network social media such as Moodle, Google classroom, Zoom, WhatsApp and Facebook. They adopted different teaching methods as well as different types of evaluation and following up in order to measure the objectives achievement; however, they neglected developing thinking and real life skills. The most challenges for both TEFL professors and learners were insufficient knowledge about eLearning and technical problems. TEFL professors action plan was focused on reducing the number of activities and drawing clear procedures with all the needed tools and activities for each objective in the course. Based on the findings, the researcher recommends that higher education institutions should provide training courses in the field of eLearning for both learners and professors, prepare a guide for designing and developing e-courses and provide professional technicians for maintenance of equipment and should regularly fix various technical malfunctions.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


TEFL, eLearning, experiences, Covid 19 pandemic

Full Text:



AlAwaawdaa (2012). The Difficulties of Utilization of eLearning at Palestinian Universities in the Gaza Strip in Viewpoint of Professors and Students. Unpublished Thesis, Faculty of Education: Al-Azhar University- Gaza.

Abou Shaaban, S. (2009). The Effect of a suggested Online Program on Developing English Majors' Awareness Essay Writing Skills at the Islamic University-Gaza, Unpublished Thesis, Ain Shams University.

Abou Shaaban, S. & Hammad, R. (2006). Evaluating the Use of WebCT in Teaching at the Islamic University of Gaza, 4th Conference on E-Learning Applications, January 3– 4, The American University: Cairo.

Alias, N. & Hussin, S. (2002). E-Learning in a Writing Course at Tenaga National University, TEFL Web Journal, http://www.teflweb-j.org/v1n3/Alias_Hussin.htm

Al-Jarf, R. (2006). Teaching to EFL College Student Online, First International Conference and Exhibition on E-learning: E-learning a New Era of Learning and Culture, Bahrain University.

Al-Jaser, Gh. (2009). Difficulties Facing Higher Educational Institutions in eLearning and Strategies to Meet them as Perspective from Academic Staff at Tiba University, Unpublished Thesis, Om Al-Qura University.

Al-Masri, N. (2003). Using Technology (WebCT) for Teaching Advanced Writing, APETAU 2nd International Conference (Association of Professors of English & Translation at Arab Universities (APETAU), University of Jordan: Amman, Aug. 26 -28, 2003.

Al-Masri, N. (2005). Developing Effective TEFL Course with WebCT, CALL-EJ Online, Vol. 7, No.1, June 2005.http://www.tell.is.ritsumei.ac.jp/callejonline

Alshehab, M. (2013). The Impact of E-Learning in Students' Ability in Translation from English into Arabic at Irbid National University in Jordan. Vol.4, No.14, Available: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340540175.

Al-Riffi, M. & Abou Shaaban, S. (2008). Obstacles of Using eLearning in Palestinian Universities, Second international conference, Zain eLearning Center.

Bijeikienė, V., Rašinskienė, S., & Zutkienė, L. D. (2011). Teachers’ Attitudes towards the Use of Blended Learning in the General English Classroom. Kalbų Studijos, (18), 122-127. DOI: 10.5755/j01.sal.0.18.420.

Bloomsburg University of Pennsylvania (2006). E-Learning Concepts and Techniques, Department of Instructional Technology. http://iit.bloomu.edu/spring2006_eBook_files/index.htm.

Della, F., La Mura, F. & Petrino, R. (2005). E-learning as Educational Tool in Emergency and Disaster Medicine Teaching, Minerva anestesiologica 71(5):181-95. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15834347/. PMID: 15834347.

FAO (2011). E-Learning Methodologies A Guide for Designing and Developing e-Learning Courses, Rome: Italy.

Goyal, S. (2012). E-Learning: Future of Education, Journal of Education and Learning. Vol.6 (2) pp. 239-242. DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v6i4.168.

Hall, V. & McCune, A. (2005). Engaging the Online Learner in Academic Writing. The APA Format Interactive Tutorial, In G. Richards (Ed.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2005 (pp. 64-69). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.

Heafner, T. & Plaisance, M. (2012). Exploring the Effectiveness of Online Education in K-12 Environments, Information Science Reference: USA.

Kavitha, V. & Lohani, L. (2019). A Critical Study on the Use of Artificial Intelligence, e-Learning Technology and Tools to Enhance the Learners' Experience, Cluster Computing 22(3), DOI: 10.1007/s10586-018-2017-2

Kulkarni, K. & Goyal S. (2012). E-Learning: Future of Education, Journal of Education and Learning. Vol.6 (2) pp. 239-242.DOI: 10.11591/edulearn.v6i4.168

Illinois Online Network and the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois (2007). Instructional Strategies for Online Courses, Retrieved June 13, 2008 from http://www.ion.uillinois.edu/index.asp.

International Baccalaureate Organization (2020). Online learning, teaching and education continuity planning for schools, Le Grand-Saconnex: UK.

Muthuchamy, I. & Thiyagu, K. (2011). Technology and Teaching: Learning Skills, Kalpaz Publications: India.

Prasad, R.K. (2016). Implementing E-Learning? What Standards Should You Consider? https://trainingindustry.com/articles/e-learning/implementing-e-learning-what-standards-should-you-consider/.

Rajaretnam, T. (2004). Using Online Grammar Quizzes for Language Learning, The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. X, No. 8, August. http://iteslj.org/Article/Rajaretnam-OnlineQuizzes.html.

Samarawickrema, G. & Benson, R. (2004). Helping academic staff to design electronic learning and teaching approaches, British Journal of Education Technology, Vol. 35, No. 5, 659- 662. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0007-1013.2004.00422.x.

Samuels R. J. and Zaitun A. B. (2008). VELT: An e-learning Tool to Improve the Teaching and Learning of the English Language, 2nd International Conference and Exhibition on E-Learning, Bahrain University, 28 – 30 April.

Trokeloshvili, D. & Jost, N. (1997). The Internet and Foreign Language Instruction: Practice and Discussion, The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. III, No. 8. http://iteslj.org/Articles/Trokeloshvili-Internet.html.

Veries, J. (2005). E-Learning Strategy: A Framework for Success, Learning Circuits, SATD Website http://www.learningcircuits.org/2005/aug2005/devries.htm.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejfl.v5i1.3202


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2015. European Journal of Foreign Language Teaching (ISSN 2537-1754) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).