THE DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE AND TASK PERFORMANCE OF LOW VISION LEARNERS ATTENDING INCLUSIVE SCHOOLS IN KAKAMEGA COUNTY, KENYA

Doreen Ashioya, Teresa Okoth

Abstract


Background: Task performance of the low vision learners is a key factor in influencing their comfort while at school and possibly cubing the increasing school dropouts in these schools. Purpose: This study aimed at investigating the task performance of low vision learners attending inclusive schools in Kakamega County. Setting: The study was conducted in public primary inclusive schools which hosts low vision learners in Kakamega County, Kenya. Methods: A census survey identified 21 low vision learners attending 11 primary public inclusive schools in Kakamega County. Out of the 21 low vision learners who were selected, 19 (90.5%) were assessed. The participants were guided to respond to a functional vision questionnaire, the LV Prasad Functional Vision Questionnaire, which was meant to elicit their ease of performing activities of daily living. Data was entered into SPSS version 25 software and analyzed using descriptive statistics. Data was summarized and presented using tables. Results: There were 13 (68.4%) males and 6 (31.6%) females who participated in this study. Participants were aged between 10 and 21 years old. The mean age was 14 while the modal age was 13 years. The highest number of low vision learners, six (31.6%), were in grade eight while the lowest number recorded, one each (5.3%), were in grades two and three. There was poor performance in the activities of daily living among the participants, which majorly included difficulty in participation in sports and games (78.9%), reading (89.5%) and orientation and mobility (57.9%). The findings enabled the study to determine the status of day-to-day task -performance at school. Conclusion: Most low vision learners attending inclusive schools have difficulty in performance of activities of daily living hence the need to device ways of addressing their visual demands in an inclusive school set-up.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


low vision, task performance, inclusive schools

Full Text:

PDF

References


A- Tayeb, Nouri. Jarrar, Bashir (2008). Fundamentals of Histochemistry (Theoretical and Applied) Index of King Fahd National Library. P. 5,207.

Al- arbain, Razaz (2010). Effect of Black Seed Oil on High Cholesterol Mice, Master Thesis, Umm Al-Qura University, Mecca.

Alam, N., Ki Nam, Y., Tae Soo, L. and U Youm L. (2011). Hypolipidemic Activities of Dietary Pleurotus ostreatus in Hyperchlesterolmic, Korea: University of Incheon, Mycobiology, 39(1): pages 45-51.

Al-Awish, Rashid, Al-Assi, Tayseer and Hayat, Nasser (2014). What You Should Know About Cholesterol, Kuwait Heart Association Sixth Edition Page 4, 5, 8, 11, 13,14.

Al-Harbi, Munira Mohammed (2004). Food and Living Factors Associated with Chronic Diseases in Saudi Arabia, Department of Nutrition King Fahd Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Arabic Journal of Food and Nutrition, 5th Year, Issue 10, Bahrain Center for Studies and Research.

Al-Zoghbi, Mohammed Bilal and Al-Talafah, Abbas (2012). Statistical System SPSS Understanding and Analyzing Statistical Data I 3, Amman: Dar Wael Publishing and Distribution

Braet, F., Taatjes, D., Wisse, E. (2017). Probing the unseen structure and function of liver cells through atomic force microscopy. Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology.

Fidele, N., Abakar, D., Emmanuel, T., Selestin, S., Paulin, N., Hamadijida, A., Richard, M. N., Christian, B, Samuel, G., Nicolas, N. Y. and Theophile, D. (2015) Hypolipidemic and anti-atherogenic effect of aqueous extract leaves of Ficus glucose (Moraceae) in rats, Experimental Gerontology, vol 62, pages 53-62.

Ichimura, M., Masuzumi, M., Kawase , M., Sakaki, M., Tamaru, S., Nagata, Y., Tanaka K., Suruga, K., Tsuneyama, K., Matsuda, S. and Omagari, K. (2016). A diet-induced Sprague–Dawley rat model of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis-related cirrhosis Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry Volume 40: page 62–69.

Jian Wang, Chi Zhang, Zhiguo Zhang, Qiang Chen, Xuemian Lu, Mingling Shao, Liangmiao Chen, Hong Yang, Fangfang Zhang, Peng Cheng Yi Tan, Ki-Soo Kim, Ki Ho Kim, Bochu Wang and Young Heui Kim (2014). BL153 Partially Prevents High-Fat Diet-Induced Liver Damage Probably via Inhibition of Lipid Accumulation, Inflammation, and Oxidative Stress Oxidative Medicine and Cellular: pages 10. DOI./10.1155/2014/674690.

Laker, M. (2010). Understanding Cholesterol Family Doctor Books

Leroux, A. Ferrere, G. Godie, V. Cailleux F. Renoud, M. Gaudin, F. Naveau, S. Prévot, S. Makhzami, S. Perlemuter, G. and Doulcier, A. (2012). Toxic lipids stored by Kupffer cells correlates with their pro-inflammatory phenotype at an early stage of steatohepatitis Journal of Hepatology. Volume 57page: 141–149.

Li, S., Zenga, X. Zhou, X., Wang, H.. Jo, E., Robinson, S., Xu, A. and Ye, J. (2015). Dietary cholesterol induces hepatic inflammation and blunts mitochondrial function in the liver of high-fat-fed mice. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry Volume 27,page:96-103.

Mahfouz, Mohamedain and Kummerow, Fred (2000). Cholesterol-rich diets have different effects on lipid peroxidation, cholesterol oxides, and antioxidant enzymes in rats and rabbits. J. Nutr. Biochem.Volume 11 page: 293–302.

Masquer, Abdul Rahman Obeid (2001). Foundations of therapeutic feeding, 1, United Arab Emirates, Dubai: Dar Al Qalam for Publishing and Distribution.

Poisson, J., Lemoinne, S., Boulanger, C., Durand, F. Moreau, R. Valla, D., Rautou, P. (2017). Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells: Physiology and role in liver diseases Journal of Hepatology vol. 66 j 212–227.

Popescu, R., Filimon, M., Dumitrescu, G. Ciochina, L. Dumitrascu, V. Daliborca Vlad, D. Verdes, D. (2012). Histological and Morphometrical Studies in Liver

Qahl, Safa Hassan (2015). A histological and synthetic study of the effect of figs, olives and olive oil on the liver of rats infected with high cholesterol to show scientific miracles in the Koran and Sunnah, Master Thesis, College of Science for Girls, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Regeneration in Mice. Popescu R. et al./Scientific Papers: Animal Sciences and Biotechnologies, 45 (2).

Roth, B., Fkelund, M., Fan, B.G., Hagerstrand, I. and Nilsson-Ehle, P. (1996) Lipid deposition in Kupffer cells after parenteral fat nutrition in rats: a biochemical and ultrastructural study, Sweden: University Hospital Lund,(11): pages 1224-1231.

Sadghipour, A., Eidi, M., Ilchizadeh, K., Ali, Ghahrammani, R., Shahabzadeh, S., and Anissian, A. (2014) Lipid Lowering Effect of Punica granatum L. Peel in High Lipid Diet Fed Male Rats, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Article ID 432650, ISSN 1741-427X: page 5.

Schermer, S. (1967). The blood morphology of laboratory animals, Philadelphia:3rd ed. F. A. Davi Co: page 42.

Wali, Safiya (2013). Histological Study of the Local Rabbit Liver, Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 12, No. 2

Wu, B., Xiao, Z., Zhang, W., Chen, H., Liu, H., Pan, J., Cai, X., Liang, G., Zhou, B., Shan, X., Zhang, Y. (2019). A novel resveratrol-curcumin hybrid, a19, attenuates high fat diet-induced. by Elsevier Masson SAS. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy 110 (2019) 951–960

Zhou, L., Yang, J., Wang, W., Gao, Y., Zhang, S., Sun, Y., Wang, Q., Cui, J., Li, Y. (2018). Effect of Dachaihu decoction on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease model rats induced by a high-fat high-sugar diet. Elsevier B.V.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejphs.v3i2.29

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Doreen Ashioya, Teresa Okoth

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2019. European Journal of Public Health Studies (ISSN 2668-1056/ISSN-L 2668-1056) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.