Yuliandary Yunus, Prima Dhewi Ratrikaningtyas, Dwi Ernawati


Background: Globally, 40% of children under the age of 6 months are exclusively breastfed. The results of the Basic Health Research (RISKESDAS) in 2018, the rate of exclusive breastfeeding for infants aged 0-6 months, it merely reached 37.3%. Purpose: To discover the factors that affected the failure of exclusive breastfeeding. Method: Scoping review adapted the Arskey and O'Malley framework, using a database from PubMed, Willey. and ScienceDirect. Finding: 21 articles out of 1563 selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Factors related to the failure of exclusive breastfeeding were divided into three factors, namely (1) sociodemographic factors consist of knowledge, occupation, age, environment and socio-culture, (2) health factors consist maternal parity, BMI, and psychological, (3) psychosocial factors consist of attitudes, breastfeeding intentions, family support, support from health workers and information obtained by the mother. Conclusion: The factors that most affected the failure of exclusive breastfeeding were the lack of family support for breastfeeding mothers, the support of passive health workers in providing information about exclusive breastfeeding and the work status of mothers who required mothers to work outside the home. In-depth research must be needed to find out the best strategy in increasing the achievement of exclusive breastfeeding.

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