REPRESENTATION OF MUSLIMS’ CONDITION IN AMERICA AFTER 9/11 INCIDENT: POSTCOLONIAL STUDY OF THE NOVEL ‘THE RELUCTANT FUNDAMENTALIST’

Wahid Pervez

Abstract


The present study compares the conditions of protagonist of the novel, Changez, with the colonized nation. The study shows the place of Muslims and Muslim countries in the eyes of Americans after 9/11 incident. Changez as postcolonial subject represents the state of the Muslims, colonized by Europeans. In America his way of living represents him hybrid, who, leaving his native culture adopts the culture of another country. ‘Other’ is the most important element of postcolonial theory found in the novel. After 9/11 incident, Changez feels that he is ‘other’ means not fully human. Americans’ changing attitude makes him diaspora. Before the fall of World Trade Centre, he never remembered his home. As a nativist, he has beard in protest and leaving his job comes back to Pakistan. Moreover, research will describe the values and demands of the Muslims who were well settled in America since long? The paper will focus on the sudden changing attitude of Americans to Muslims after 9/11 incident.

 

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hybridity, other, diaspora (unhommed) and nativism

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References


Bill Ashcroft, Griffith Gareth, and Helen Tiffin, The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-colonial Literature (London and New York: Routledge).

Bhaba, K. Homi, Of Mimicry and Man: The Ambivalence of Colonial Discourse. The Location of Culture (London and New York: Routledge).

Dwight L. Burton, Literature Study in High Schools, (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1956).

Helen Gilbert, and Joanne Tompkins, Post-colonial Drama: Theory, Practice, Politics (London and New York: Routledge).

Homi K. Bhabha, Cultural Diversity and Cultural Differences, The Post-colonial Studies Reader. Edited by Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths and Helen Tiffin (London and New York: Routledge).

Lois Tyson, Critical theory today a user friendly guide, (United State America: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group 2006).

Mohsin Hamid, The Reluctant Fundamentalist (UK: Oxford University Press, 2007).


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