IMPLICATIONS OF LANDUSE AND LANDCOVER CHANGES ON THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES IN THE NIGERIAN PORTION OF THE LAKE CHAD

Usman H. M., Ikusemoran M., Elizabeth E., Joel M.B.

Abstract


The study examines how changes in the landuse and landcover of the Nigerian portion of the Lake Chad affect socio-economic activities of the inhabitants of Lake Chad that is, the fishermen, farmers, cattle headers and water transporters. Abadam and Kukawa Local Government areas were sampled from all the other LGAs that share their boundaries with the lake for this study. The seasonal behavior of the Lake Chad results into seasonal changes in the lake’s landuse and landcover. Structured questionnaire was administered to 270 respondents in the two LGAs. An oral interview was also conducted to generate more information to compliment those in the questionnaire. The results of the study show that the changes in the behavior of the Lake Chad control the socio-economic activities of those that rely on the Lake Chad for their survival. These changes bring about migration and switching of occupation by those who rely on the lake. The study concludes and recommends that, the current effort to recharge the lake by LCBC through River Oubangui in Central Africa should be sustained so that the lake can recover to its former size and landcover. Recharging the Lake Chad will boast fishing and agricultural activities on a commercial scale.

 

JEL: A10, I30, O13, O18, O41

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


landuse, landcover, change, socio-economic activities, Chad Lake

References


Ayuba, H. K and Dami, A. (2011): Environmental science: An introductory text. Book Wright Pub. Nigeria.

Briassoulis, H. (2000): Analysis of Landuse Changes: The theoretically and Modeling-Approaches. Regional Research Institute. www.briassoulis.edu.com Retrieved on 08-07-2012

Chrysoulakis, N., Kamarianakis, Y., Fasari, Y. Diamandakis, M. and Prastacos, (2004): Combining Satellite and Socioeconomic data for Landuse Models Estimation. In Goossens, R. (Edt.), Proc. Of 3rd Workshop of EARsel Special interest Group on Remote Sensing for Developing Countries (in press).

Dada, O.A., Jibrin, J.M. and Ejeoma, A. (2010): Secondary Atlas. Macmillan Nigeria.

Frank, S. and Kirily, J. (2004): The Political Economy of Land: Putting George Henry in His Place. The Journal of Australian Economy.

Lake Chad Basin Commission (2005): An Information System for Water Assessment and Lake Management of the Lake Chad Basin. A sub-regional component of The World Hydrological Cycle Observing System (WHYCOS). A Draft Project Proposal. Dec. 2005.

Onuoha, F. C. (2008): Environmental degradation, livelihood and conflict: A focus on the implications of the diminishing water resources of Lake Chad for North-eastern Nigeria. African journal on conflict resolution.Vol.8, No 2, 2008.

Sarch, M. T. (2000): Institutional Evolution of Lake Chad: traditional administration and Flexible Fisheries management. Pp. 133-164 In: Ayuba, H.K and Dami, A. (2011): Environmental Science: An Introductory Text. Book Wright Pub. Nigeria.

Tuner, B. L., Skole, D., Sanderson S., Fischer, G., Fresco, L. and Leemans R. (1995): Landuse and Landcover change; Science/Research Plan, IGBP Report No35, HDP Report No. 7 IGBP and HDP, Stockholm and Geneva.

Zubair, A. O., (2006): Change Detection in Landuse and Landcover Using Remote Sensing Data and GIS (A case study of Ilorin and Its Environs in Kware State). M.Sc. Thesis, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Usman H. M., Ikusemoran M., Elizabeth E., Joel M.B.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2015 - 2018. European Journal of Economic and Financial Research (ISSN 2501-9430) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.