Nicholas Kibet Kosgei, Lucy Wanza, Joshua Matanda Wepukhulu


This study investigated the effects of information disclosure as part of engagement of stakeholders on implementation of water projects in Machakos County, Kenya. The paper is guided by stakeholder theory advanced by Freeman (1984). The study was guided by causal comparative research design. The study targeted 172 water projects being implemented in Machakos County from the year 2016-2018 with the respondents being seven members of project management committees. Simple random sampling technique was used in selecting 17 water projects that was involved in this study. Questionnaires were used to collect data for the research. The collected data was analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Qualitative data from open-ended questions was analysed using thematic content analysis. It was found out that there was an above degree level of correlation (r=0.584) between information disclosure and implementation of water projects. The paper concludes that when all information pertaining project is disclosed to the respondents, implementation goals would be achieved. On recommendations, the research suggests that communication needs to be improved during implementation stages to ensure every information from the project is relayed to all stakeholders.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



stakeholder, information, disclosures, implementation, water projects

Full Text:



Aapaoja, A., Haapasalo, H., & Soderstrom, P. (2013). Early Stakeholder Involvement in the Project Definition Phase: Case Renovation. ISRN Industrial Engineering, 14, 1 – 15.

Awino J. M. (2013). Stakeholder Involvement in Strategy Implementation at Lake Victoria South Water Services Board, Kenya. MBA Project, University of Nairobi.

Bal, M., Bryde, D., Fearon, D. & Ochieng, E. (2013). Stakeholder Engagement: Achieving Sustainability in the Construction Sector. Sustainability, 6, 695-710; doi:10.3390/su5020695.

Crane, A & Livesey, S. (2003). ‘Are you talking to me? Stakeholder communication and the risks and rewards of dialogue’, in Andriof, J, Waddock, S, Husted, B & Rahman, SS (eds), Unfolding Stakeholder Thinking: Relationships, Communication, Reporting and Performance, vol. 2, Greenleaf, Sheffield.

Doloi, H., Pryke, S. & Badi, S. (2016). The Practice of Stakeholder Engagement in Infrastructure Projects: A comparative study of two major projects in Australia and the UK. London: Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) 6.

Fikkert, J. P. B (2015). Stakeholder engagement and sustainability integration; A case study of Royal Ahold. Master Thesis, Utrecht University.

Freeman, R. E. (1984). Strategic Management: A Stakeholder Approach. Marshfield, Massachusetts, USA: Pitman Publishing Inc.

Freeman, R. E. (1994). ‘The Politics of Stakeholder Theory: Some Future Directions’, Business Ethics Quarterly, 4(4), 409-421.

Gao, S. S. & Zhang, J. J. (2006). ‘Stakeholder engagement, social auditing and corporate sustainability’, Business Process Management Journal, 12(6), 722-740.

Gibson, K. (2000). ‘The moral basis of stakeholder theory’, Journal of Business Ethics, 26(3), 245-257.

Heravi, A., Coffey, V. & Trigunarsyah, B. (2015). Evaluating the level of stakeholder involvement during the project planning processes of building projects. International Journal of Project Management, xx (2015) xxx–xxx. Manag.

Kaur, A. (2014). Stakeholder engagement in sustainability accounting and reporting: A study of Australian local councils. D.Phil Thesis, University of South Australia.

Kituku, J. M. (2014). Factors Affecting Performance of Projects of Non-Governmental Organisations in Kenya: A Case Study of Mwingi Cluster Projects. The International Journal of Business & Management, 2(12), 261 – 271.

Malachira, A. R. (2017). Six key components of Collaboration in Higher Education buildings: a case study of Stakeholder Engagement at the University of Washington. Master Thesis, University of Washington.

Midin, M., Joseph, C., & Mohamad, N. (2016). Advancing Sustainable Development in the Public Sector via Stakeholders’ Engagement Disclosure Website. 6th International Research Symposium in Service Management, IRSSM-6 2015, 11-15 August 2015, UiTM Sarawak, Kuching, Malaysia.

Muthoni, V. W. (2016). Influence of Stakeholder Engagement on Performance of Street Children Rehabilitation Programmes in Nairobi County Kenya. MAPPM Project, University of Nairobi.

Pellinen, K. (2016). CSR communication challenges: communication channels, sustainability reporting, and stakeholder engagement. A case study of four Finnish companies. Master Thesis, Nord University, Finland.

Shah, M. & Haider, I.N. (2014). Impact of Internal Stakeholder’s Engagement on Project Portfolio Management Success, It Industry in Lahore, Pakistan. Sci.Int.(Lahore), 26(4),1777-1782.

Sokolova, E. (2016). Stakeholder Engagement: Schiphol airport case: Managing engagement with stakeholders when the interests are conflicting. MSc Thesis, Norwegian School of Economics Bergen.

Tengan, C. & Aigbavboa, C. (2016). Stakeholder Engagement and Participation in Monitoring and Evaluation of Construction Projects in Ghana. DII-2016-046. University of Johannesburg, South Africa.

Wanyera, L. A. (2016). Influence of Community Participation on Sustainability of Community Based Projects: A Case of Kiambiu Water and Sanitation Slum Project, Nairobi County, Kenya. MAPPM Project, University of Nairobi, Kenya.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Nicholas Kibet Kosgei, Lucy Wanza, Joshua Matanda Wepukhulu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

The research works published in this journal are free to be accessed. They can be shared (copied and redistributed in any medium or format) and\or adapted (remixed, transformed, and built upon the material for any purpose, commercially and\or not commercially) under the following terms: attribution (appropriate credit must be given indicating original authors, research work name and publication name mentioning if changes were made) and without adding additional restrictions (without restricting others from doing anything the actual license permits). Authors retain the full copyright of their published research works and cannot revoke these freedoms as long as the license terms are followed.

Copyright © 2017-2023. European Journal of Management and Marketing Studies (ISSN 2501 - 9988) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library. All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and standards formulated by Budapest Open Access Initiative (2002), the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (2003) and  Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (2003) and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Copyrights of the published research works are retained by authors.