DEMOCRACY OR NOT: V-DEM INDEX IN LEBANON VERSUS SWEDEN

Ghada Awada

Abstract


The study set to measure the V-Dem index in Lebanon in comparison with that of Sweden. The study employed the meta-analysis method to ensure delving into the different democracy indices. The findings of the study revealed that the V-Dem was significantly efficient in purposely investigating the level of democracy in Lebanon and Sweden in terms of democracy components; electoral, liberal, participatory and deliberative in addition to politics, freedom of press and freedom of accessibility to political information. The V-Dem could surpass previous difficulties encountered using the democracy traditional measure tools in Lebanon. Contrary to democracy high V-Dem index in Sweden, the study revealed that the V-Dem four indices are low in Lebanon. However, the Lebanese model of democracy could be still employed as a pattern to disseminate democracy in other Arab countries especially the ones with segmental divisions based on religion and culture.

 

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BTI measure, consociationalism, democracy, V-Dem index

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