EXPLORING EFL TEACHERS' TECHNIQUES IN TEACHING ORAL SKILLS IN JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS OF SHAHROOD, IRAN: A QUALITATIVE STUDY

Seyyed Ali Ostovar-Namaghi, Nayereh Torabi

Abstract


Instead of following grand theories and methods prescribed during pre-service and in-service teacher education programs, experienced teachers follows their own theories of practice. However, due to the dominance of hypothetico-deductive mode of inquiry in language teaching, theories of practice have rarely been explored. To uncover personal theories implicit in teachers’ practice and how these theories are realized in down-to-earth techniques, this data-driven study aims at exploring fifteen experienced teachers’ techniques of teaching oral skills in junior high schools of Shahrood, a major city in Semnan province. To this end, teachers’ perspectives were qualitatively explored and analysed through the principles and procedures of grounded theory. Final analysis revealed that the participants used “Learners’ Mother Tongue”, "Warm-up", and "Role-play", "Summarizing”, “Storytelling", " Describing Pictures" and "Practicing Linguistic Patterns" to teach oral skills. The findings have clear implications for curriculum developers and pre-service language teacher educators. 

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


teachers’ perspectives, theoretical sampling, teaching techniques

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asher, C. (1993). Using the target language as the medium of instruction in the communicative classroom: The influence of practice on principle. Studies in Modern Languages Education, 1, 225-238.

Atkinson, T. (1987). The Mother tongue in the classroom: A neglected resource? ELT Journal, 41(4), 241-247. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/elt/41.4.241

Aurbach, E. (1993). Re-examining English only in the ESL classroom. TESOL Quarterly, 27 (1), 9-32. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3586949.

Bahrani, T., & Tam, S. S. (2012). Technology and language learning: Exposure to TV and radio news and speaking proficiency. Kritika Kultura (17), 144-160.

Celce-Murcia, M. (2001). Language teaching approaches: An overview. Teaching English as a second or foreign language, 2, 3-10.

Chapple. L. & Curtis. A. (2000). Content based instruction in Hong Kong: Students responses to films. System, 28, 419-433.

Chaudron, C. (1988). Teacher talk in second language classrooms. In M. H. Long, &J. C. Richards (Eds.), Second language classroom (pp. 50-87). Hawaii: Cambridge University Press.

Cianflone, E. (2009). L1 use in English courses at university level. ESP World, 8 (22), 1-6.

Cole, S. (1998). The Use of L1 in Communicative Language Teaching. Retrieved December 13, 2009, from http://jalt-publications.org/tlt/files/98/dec/cole.html.

Dörnyei, Z. & Thurrell, S. (1994). ‘Teaching Conversational Skills Intensively: Course Content and Rationale.’ ELT Journal 48 (1), 40-49.

Ellis, R. (1984). Types of classroom interaction and their role in classroom second language development. Classroom second language development (pp. 83-134). Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Gronna, S., Serna, L., Kennedy, C., & Prater, M. (1999). Promoting generalized social interaction using puppets and script training in an integrated preschool: A single-case study using multiple baseline design. Retrieved April, 17, 2006, from http://bmo.sgepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/23/3/419.

Halliwell, S., & Jones, B. (1991). On target: teaching in the target language. London: Centre for Information on Language Teaching and Research.

Harmer, J. (2001). The Practice of English language teaching. England: Pearson Education Limited.

Kayi, H. (2006). “Teaching speaking: Activities to promote speaking in a second language”, The Internet TESL Journal, 8(11).

Nation, P. (2003). The role the first language in foreign language teaching. The Asian EFL Journal, 5(2).

Nunan, D. (1991). Language teaching methodology. UK: Prentice Hall International.

Nunan, D. (2003) ‘The Impact of English as a global language on educational policies and practices in the Asia-Pacific Region.’ TESOL Quarterly, 37, 589-613.

Ozdeniz, D. (2000). Puppets in primary. Retrieved April, 17, 2006, from http://www.hltmag.co.uk/mar01/sartmar017.rtf.

Phlipson, R. (1992). Linguistic Imperialism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Reutzel, R. D. (2003). Teaching children to read: Putting the pieces together. New York: Prentice Hall.

Richards, J. C. (1990). The language teaching matrix. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stern, H.H. (1992). Issues and options in language teaching. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sze, P. (1996). Teaching Conversation in the Second Language Classroom: Problems and Prospects. Education Journal, 23(2).

Turnbull, M. (2001). There is a role for the L1 in second and foreign language teaching Canadian Modern Language Review, 57, 531-540. http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/cmlr.57.4.531.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2015. European Journal of English Language Teaching (ISSN 2501-7136) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).