Noor Hanim Rahmat, Noor Ahnis Othman, Hadayat Rahmah Hasan, Mazlen Arepin


There are several factors -internal and external- that may cause anxiety about oral presentations. Past studies have shown that trait and state apprehension can influence oral presentation among students. The main objective of this study is to look into the factors that cause apprehension for oral presentation among ESL learners. Specifically, this study explores how trait and state apprehension influence oral presentation. In addition to that, this research also investigates whether there are any significant differences of trait and state apprehension for oral comprehension across genders and faculties. The two main constructs are trait and state apprehension; while the variables are gender and faculties. 129 students participated in this quantitative research. T-test and ANOVA were used to find relationships and significant differences across gender and faculties. Results of this study reveal that both trait and state apprehension have different influence on oral presentation among students.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



oral presentation, internal factors, external factors, anxiety, apprehension

Full Text:



Al-Issa, A. (2010) Taking the Floor: Oral Presentations in EFL Classrooms. TESOL Journal, v1 n2 p227-246 Jun 20101(2) pp 227-246. Retrieved from

Bhati, S.S. (2012) The Effectiveness of Oral Presentation assessment in a Finance subject: An empirical examination. Journal of University Teaching and Learning Practice. Vol 9(2). Retrieved from

Brooks, G. and Wilson, J. (2014) Using Oral presentations to Improve Students’ English

Language Skills. Kwansei Gakuin University Humanities Review. Vol 19.

Brown, H.D. (2001) Teaching by Principles; An Interactive Approach to language Pedagogy. San Francisco: Longman

Chandran, S.K., Munohsamy, T. and Rahman, H.M. (2015) Anxiety in Oral Presentations among ITB Students. Retrieved from

Chen,Y. (2015) ESL Students’ Language Anxiety in In-Class Oral Presentations. Masters

Thesis, College of Liberal Arts, Marshall University. Retrieved from

Harmer, J. (2007) (3rd Edition) The Practice of English Language Teaching. UK: Longman Hatfield, R. (2015) Difference between State and Trait Anxiety. Retrieved from

Kakepoto, I., Said, H. Habil, H., Umrani, A.I., Memon, I.A. (2013) Analyzing Oral Communications apprehension Prevailing among Engineers in Engineering Workplace of Pakistan. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development. Vol 4(3). Retrieved from

Martin-Lynch, P., Correia, H. and Cunningham, C. (2015) Public speaking anxiety: the S.A.D. implications for students, transition, achievement, success and retention. Retrieved from

Miles, R. (2014) Oral Presentations for English Proficiency Purposes. Reflections on English Language Teaching, Vol 8(2) pp 103-110. Retrieved from

Santrock, J.W. (2009) Educational Psychology. Boston: McGraw-Hill.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of English Language Teaching (ISSN 2501-7136) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).