TOP-DOWN AND BOTTOM-UP STRATEGY USE AMONG GOOD AND POOR READERS IN EFL READING COMPREHENSION

Yumiao Yang, Yea-Ru Tsai, Yasunaga Hikaru

Abstract


This study revealed the readers’ use of top-down and bottom-up strategies in EFL learning context in Taiwan. The participants, 111 undergraduates EFL learners, were classified into good and poor readers. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected through a questionnaire and interviews. The results showed that almost no difference was confirmed between good and poor readers in bottom-up and total strategy use, whereas it was found that good readers tended to use more top-down strategies than poor readers. It is suggested that both groups of readers use bottom-up strategies to a similar degree; however, the use of top-down strategies has helped good readers advance their level of reading comprehension.

 

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EFL, English reading strategy use, top-down strategies, bottom-up strategies

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejel.v0i0.2277

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