Thi Hanh Dang, Thanh Hai Chau, Cam Thuy Diep


Speaking is regarded as the most important aspect of communication skills, and it contributes to the success of language learners in their studies and careers, as well as the success of teachers in their teaching process. However, English-majored students, especially English-majored freshmen, usually face some errors in speaking English. Consequently, this research, entitled "A Survey on Common Errors in Studying Speaking Skills of English-majored Freshmen at Tay Do University" was conducted to figure out some common problems in speaking English that these English-majored students have encountered. The participants of this research were 80 students from two classes, English 15A and English 15B, at Tay Do University. The main research instrument for collecting the data was a questionnaire. The findings of this research pointed out the participants’ errors in speaking skills problems (pronunciation, grammar tense, pronunciation, mother tongue, vocabulary) and psychological problems (anxiety of error, lack of motivation, shyness, lack of confidence). The results showed that the students had errors in their speaking skills. Thanks to the results, some useful solutions were proposed for English-majored students.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


common errors, speaking skill, English-majored freshmen

Full Text:



Avery, P. & Ehrlich, S. (1992). Teaching American English pronunciation. Oxford [England], Oxford University Press.

Baker, J., & Westrup, H. (2003). Essential Speaking Skills: A Handbook for English Language Teachers. London: Continuum.

Brown, D. (2000). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching (4th Ed.). London: Longman.

Brown, G. (1990). Listen to the spoken English (2nd ed.). New York: Longman.

Brown, G., & Yule, G. (1983). Discourse analysis. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Burns, A., & Joyce, H. (1997). Focus on speaking. Sydney: National Center for English Language Teaching and Research.

Chaney, A. L., and T. L. Burk (1998). Teaching Oral Communication in Grades K-8. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Clark, J., & Yallop, C. (1996). An introduction to phonetics and phonology (2nd ed). UK: Blackwell Publishing.

Deborah Hwa-Froelich & Barbara W. Hodson (2002). American Journal of speech-language pathology, Volume 11, Issue 3, p.264-273.

Ellis, R. 1997. Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Field, J. (2004). Psycholinguistics the key concepts. New York: Routledge.

Fredericksonn, C. J. (1997). Tenses. Yindii Dot Com Co. Ltd.

Fulcher, G. (2003). Testing Second Language Speaking. London: Longman/Pearson.

Gardner, R. C. (1985). Social psychology and second language learning: The role of attitudes and motivation.

Griffiths, B. (2010). Integrating pronunciation into classroom activities. Retrieved 1 March, 2011from http://www.teachingenglish.edu.vn/en-US/Teaching-tips/Integrating-pronunciation-intoclassroom-activities.htm

Ha, Cam Tam (2005). Common pronunciation problems of Vietnamese learners of English. Tap chi khoa hoc DHQGHN, Ngoai Ngu, TXXI, so 1.

Halliday, M. A. K. (2002). On grammar. London, Peking University Press.

Harmer, J. (2004). How to teach writing. New York: Longman.

Harmer, J. (2007). How to Teach English. Harlow: Pearson.

Hendrickson, J. M. (1987). Error correction in foreign language teaching: Recent theory, research, and practice. In M. H. Long & J. C. Richards (Eds.), Methodology in TESOL: A book of readings. Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

Horwitz, E. K. (2001). Language anxiety and achievement. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 21, 112-126. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0267190501000071

Horwitz, E. K., Horwitz, M. B., & Cope, J. A. (1986). Foreign language classroom anxiety. The Modern Language Journal, 70(2), 125-132. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/327317

Ishrat Aamer Qureshi (2006). The Important of Speaking Skill for EFL Learner. Retrieved from https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e3/Speaking_Skills.pdf

James, C. (1998). Errors in Language Learning and Use Exploring Error Analysis. Harlow: Longman

Khamkhien A. (2010). Teaching English speaking and English-speaking tests in the Thai context: A reflection from Thai perspectives. English Language Journal, 3(1):184-200

Ladefoged, P. (1993). A course in phonetics. U.S.A.: Harcourt Brace College

Nguyen Thi Thu Thao (2007). Difficulties for Vietnamese when pronouncing English – final sounds. Achieved at http://du.divaportal.org/smash/get/diva2:518290/FULLTEXT01.pdf

Nguyen, T., Ingram, C., & Pensalfini, J. R. (2008). Prosodic transfer in Vietnamese acquisition of English contrastive stress patterns. Journal of Phonetics, 36(1), 158-190. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wocn.2007.09.001

Norrish, J. (1983). Language learners and their errors. London: Macmillan Press.

Nunan, D. (2003). Practical English Language Teaching. NY: McGraw-Hill.

Richards, J. C. & Schmidt, R. (2002). Dictionary of language teaching and applied linguistics (3rd Ed.). London: Longman

Richards, J., & Rodgers, T. (2001). Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching (p.40). New York: Cambridge University Press.

Situjuh N. (2011). Students’ Perception on EFL Speaking Skill Development. Retrieved from http://www.academie.edu/776982/Students_Perception_on_EFL_SpeakingSkill_Development

Spielberger, C. D. (1980). Test Anxiety Inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Tench, P. (1996). The intonation systems of English. London: Cassell.

Underhill, A. (1994). The teacher development series: Sound foundations living phonology. Great Britain: The Bath Press.

Ur, P. (2000). A Course in Language Teaching: Practice and Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Yule, G. (2006). The Study of Language. 3rd edition. Cambridge University Press.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejel.v7i3.4301


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of English Language Teaching (ISSN 2501-7136) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).