Sang Ngoc Nguyen, Huan Buu Nguyen


Motivation plays a vital role in English language teaching and learning, especially in the development of speaking skills. This study, therefore, aims to examine teachers' use of motivational strategies (MS) in teaching VSTEP speaking to students learning to reach level 3 of VSTEP (B1) and the factors influencing their practices. Data were collected through observations and questionnaires with two and 54 teachers respectively. The findings reveal that teachers in the private sector demonstrated a range of motivational strategies in teaching VSTEP speaking to students who aspired to reach Level 3 (B1) in VSTEP. This study also reports five factors influencing the use of MS including teacher-related, student-related, school-related, MS-related and testing factors. This study contributes to the understanding of EFL teachers' use of motivational strategies in teaching speaking skills within the context of VSTEP Level 3 (B1). The findings offer insightful views for teachers and administrators, informing the development of effective teaching practices that foster motivation and enhance English language proficiency.


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motivational strategies, VSTEP speaking, influential factors

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejel.v8i4.4956


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