NORMS CONSTRUCTION FOR MUSCULAR STRENGTH, MUSCULAR POWER AND MUSCULAR ENDURANCE OF BASKETBALL PLAYERS OF GURU NANAK DEV UNIVERSITY, AMRITSAR, PUBJAB, INDIA

Baljinder Singh Bal, Gurpinder Singh, Bhupinder Singh, Lovepreet Singh

Abstract


The aim of this study was to construct norms for Muscular Strength, Muscular Power and Muscular Endurance of male Basketball Players. Seventy Two, male Basketball Players of Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar between the age group of 19-25 years (Mean ± SD: Age 22.263 ± 1.332 years, Body Height 180.75 ± 6.008 centimeters and Body Mass 77.526 ± 5.960 kilograms) volunteered to participate in the study. Statistical analyses were performed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences for Windows version 16.0 software (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL). The data, which was collected by administering tests, was statistically treated to develop for all the test items. In order to construct the norms, Percentile Scale was used. Further, the scores were classified into five grades i.e., very good, good, average, poor and very poor. In Muscular Strength, the scores below 43.296 are considered very poor, from about 45.995-43.296 is considered poor, 45.995-51.393 is considered average, 51.393-54.092 is considered good and the scores above 54.092 are considered very good. In Muscular Power, the scores below 41.913 are considered very poor, from about 43.991-41.913 is considered poor, 43.991-48.147 is considered average, 48.147-50.225 is considered good and the scores above 50.225 are considered very good. In Muscular Endurance, the scores below 4.39 are considered very poor, from about 5.438-4.39 is considered poor, 5.438-7.534 is considered average, 7.534-8.582 is considered good and the scores above 8.582 are considered very good.

 

Article visualizations:

Hit counter

DOI

Keywords


norms, basketball players, muscular strength, muscular power and muscular endurance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ben Abdelkrim, N., El Fazaa, S., & El Ati, J. (2006). Time-motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41, 69-75.

McInnes, S.E., Carlson, J.S., Jones, C.J., & McKenna, M.J. (1995). The physiological load imposed on basketball players during competition. Journal of Sport Science, 13, 387-97.

Apostolidis, N., Nassis, G.P., Bolatoglou, T., & Geladas, N.D. (2004). Physiological and technical characteristics of elite young basketball players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 44, 157-163.

Ben Abdelkrim, N., Chaouachi, A., Chamari, K., Chtara, M., & Castagna, C. (2010). Positional role and competitive-level differences in elite-level men’s basketball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24, 1346-1355.

Delextrat, A., & Cohen, D. (2008). Physiological testing of basketball players: toward a standard evaluation of anaerobic fitness. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22, 1066-1072.

Hoffman, J.R., Tenenbaum, G., Maresh, C.M., & Kraemer, W.J. (1996). Relationship between athletic performance tests and playing time in elite college basketball players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 10, 67-71.

Fry, A. & Kraemer W. (1991). Physical performance characteristics of American collegiate football players. J Strength Cond Res 4. 5 (3): 126-38.

Black, W. & Roundy, E. (1994). Comparisons of size, strength, speed, and power in NCAA Division 1-A football players. J Strength Cond Res, 8 (2): 80-5.

Abrantes, C., Macas, V. & Sampaio, J. (2004). Variation in football players’ sprint test performance across different ages and levels of competition. J Sports Sci Med, 3 (YISI 1): 44-9.

Quarrie, K.L., Handcock, P. & Waller, A.E. (1995). The New Zealand rugby injury and performance project. III: anthropometric and physical performance characteristics of players. Br J Sports Med, 29 (4): 263-70.

Young, W.B., & Pryor, L. (2007). Relationship between pre-season anthropometric and fitness measures and indicators of playing performance in elite junior Australian Rules football. J Sci Med Sport, 10 (2): 110-8.

Keogh, J.W., Weber, C.L. & Dalton, C.T. (2003). Evaluation of anthropometric, physiological, and skill-related tests for talent identification in female field hockey. Can J Appl Physiol, 28 (3): 397-409.

Gualdi-Russo, E. & Zaccagni, L. (2001). Somatotype, role and performance in elite volleyball players. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 41 (2): 256-62.

Drinkwater, E.J., Hopkins, W.G. & McKenna, M.J. (2007). Modeling age and secular differences in fitness between basketball players. J Sports Sci, 25 (8): 869-78.

Hoare, D.G. (2000). Predicting success in junior elite basketball players: the contribution of anthropometric and physiological attributes. J Sci Med Sport, 3 (4): 391-405.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Baljinder Singh Bal, Gurpinder Singh, Bhupinder Singh, Lovepreet Singh

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).