Ratko Pavlović, Mensur Vrcić, Vladan Savić, Irina Skrypchenko, Zsolt Németh, Ahmed Khafagy


Kinematic parameters often crucially influence the performance in athletic disciplines. This is especially evident for top athletes who have almost identical morphological, motor and functional parameters. The differences that affect the sporting result are generally attributed to a better performance technique that is often the consequence of the different values of the individual's kinematic parameters. This study analyzes the differences between the defined kinematic parameters in the discipline Pole vault. The sample included 16 men and women athletes who competed in the finals of the World Championships (Daegu, 2011) and a total of 9 kinematic parameters were selected. The results were obtained by applying the T-test module for small independent samples, confirming the differences between men and women's finalists in Daegu, 2011. Statistically significant differences were recorded eight of nine kinematic parameters (about 89%). Significant differences were recorded in the following kinematic parameters: total run-up distance (T=5,312; p<0,01), number of steps (T=2,712; p<0,05), average step length (T=6,725; p<0,01), VA (T=18,430; p<0,01), AP (T=8,326; p<0,01); ¹average step length last (T=2,662; p<0,01); ²average step length last (T=8,303; p<0,01), ³average step length last (T=8,362; p<0,01).


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



pole vault, kinematic parameters, differences

Full Text:



Angulo-Kinzler, R., Kinzler, S., Balius, X., Turro, C., Caubet, J., Escoda, J. & Prat, A. (1994). Biomechanical analysis of the pole vault event. Journal of Applied Biomechanics 10 82), 147-165.

Arampatzis, A., Schade, F. & Brüggemann, G.P. (2004). Effect of the pole-human body interaction on pole vaulting performance. Journal of Biomechanics 37 (9), 1353- 1360.

Bowerman, W.J., Freeman, W, H. & Vern Gambetta T.A.C. (1998). Athletics. Zagreb- Gopal.

Dapena, J. & Chung, S.C. (1988). Vertical and radial motions of the body during the take-off phase of high jumping. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 20 (3), 290- 302.

Idrizović, K. (2010). Atletika I i II. [Athletics I,II. In Serbian]. Univerzitet Crne Gore. Biblioteka bio-medicinskihnauka.

Jovović, V. (2006). Atletika-biomehanika-tehnikaimetodika [Athletics -biomechanics- tehnics and metodius. In Serbian] Filozofskifakultet Nikšić-studijski program fizičkekulture.

Kim, N.H., Kang, J.E. & Kim, H.L. (2011). Biomechanical Analysis of the Pole Vault Men and Women Final.Scientific Research Project Biomechanical Analyses at the 13 IAAF World Championship, Daeegu, 2011 Final Report Pole Vault. Korean Society of Sport biomechanics

Mihajlović, I. (2010). Atletika [Athletics. In Serbian]. Novi Sad: Fakultet sport aifizičkogvaspitanja.

Mendoza, L., Nixdorf, E., Isele, R. & Gűnther, C. (2009). Biomechanical Analysis of the Pole Vault Men and Women Final.Scientific Research Project Biomechanical Analyses at the 12 IAAF World Championship, Berlin, 2009 Final Report Pole Vault.

Petrov, V. (2004). New Studies in Athletics, 12, 23.

Pavlović, R. (2012). The morphological status of the finalist in jumping disciplines at the Beijing Olympics. SPORT SCIENCE- International Scientific Journal on Kinesiology, 5 (2), 43-48.

Pavlović, R., (2013). Morfološki status atletičarkifinalista u skakačkimdisciplinamanaOlimpijskimigrama u Pekingu [The morphological status of female the finalist in jumping disciplines at the Beijing Olympics. In Serbian]. Sport Mont, 11 (37-39), 116-125.

Pavlović, R. (2016). Atletika 2 [Athletics 2.In Serbian]. Niš: udruženjeknjiževnika, Branko Miljković’’

Schade, F., Arampatzis, A. & Brüggemann, G.P. (2000). Influence of different approaches for calculating the athlete’s mechanical energy on energetic parameters in the pole vault. Journal of Biomechanics 33 (10), 1263-1268.

Schade, F., Arampatzis, A. & Brüggeman, & Komi, P. (2004). Comparison of the men’s and the women’s pole vault at the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games. Journal of Sport Sciences 22 (9), 835-842.

Schade, F., Arampatzis, A. & Brüggemann, G.P. (2006). Reproducibility of energy parameters in the pole vault. Journal of Biomechanics 39 (8), 1464-1471.

Stefanović, Đ. & Bošnjak, G. (2011). Atletika, filosofsko-naučneosnoveiprimena u praksi [Athletics, philosophical-scientific basics and application in practice. In Serbian]. Banja Luka: Fakultetfizičkogvaspitanja I sporta.

Stanković, D. & Raković, A. (2010). Atletika [Athletics. In Serbian] Univerzitet u Nišu: Fakultet fizičke kulture.

Tončev, I. (2001). Atletika-tehnikaiobučavanje [Athletics-technics and training. In Serbian]. Univerzitet u Novom Sadu.

Zagorac, N., Retelj, E. & Katić, R. (2008). Successful pole vault influenced by certain kinematical parameters. Coll Antropol. 32 (4), 1133-1139.

Zagorac, N. (2013). Influence of Kinematic Parameters on Pole Vault Result in Top Junior Athletes. Coll Antropol.37 (suppl.2), 19-24.

Yagodin, V. & Papanov, V. (1986). Sergei Bubka-6.01. Legkaya Atletica (USSR), 11, 12-14



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Ratko Pavlović, Mensur Vrcić, Vladan Savić, Irina Skrypchenko, Zsolt Németh, Ahmed Khafagy

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).