BLOOD FLOW RESTRICTION IN STRENGTH TRAINING (REVIEW)

Ömür Gülfirat, Halil Bişgin

Abstract


Background/Objective: The aim of this review is to investigate general information about blood flow restriction in strength training. Methods: In this study, the related literature was studied by using the screening model. Data were obtained from various articles and internet websites. Of the indexes and databases used in the research; (6) scientific studies on Yöktez, (3) on Pubmed, (3) on Researchgate, (2) on Physiopedia and (4) on Google Scholar were examined. Scientific studies where the effects of blood flow restriction on sedentary individuals (11), the effects of blood flow restriction on individual athletes (1), the effects of blood flow restriction on team athletes (3), and the effects of blood flow restriction on individuals after injury examined (3), were used in our research. Conclusion: The aim of this review is to investigate the application methods and effects of venous blood flow restriction technique, which has recently become popular in resistance training. In this direction, resistance training applied with the BFR technique has been examined with this review by making a literature review. As a result, it is thought that the BFR technique may have a positive effect on the post-injury recovery process and can also help increase the sportive performance and competition gain. It can be said that it can give positive results in terms of hypertrophy if it is evaluated as an aid to strength training, which is quite popular. It is estimated that they will be able to do their daily activities more freely if it is applied to elderly people. It is thought that a very popular movement such as squat, when applied together with venous blood flow restriction, can increase the strength of jumping, besides, if it is applied in anaerobic-based branches, sportive performance can also increase positively.

Article visualizations:

Hit counter


Keywords


blood flow restriction, occlusion, ischemia, strength training

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arasan, D. D. (2019). Sağlıklı Bireylerde Kan Akışını Kısıtlayarak Yapılan Egzersizlerin Kuvvet, Eklem Pozisyon Duyusu ve Fonksiyonel Motor Performans Üzerine Etkisi. (Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi). Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi/Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İzmir.

Boyanmış, A. H. (2018). Taekwondocularda Pliometrik ve Kan Akımı Kısıtlama Antrenmanlarının Kuvvet Gelişimine Etkisi. (Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Mersin Üniversitesi/Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Mersin.

Brandner, C. R., Clarkson, M. J., Kidgell, D. J. and Warmington, S. A. (2019). Muscular Adaptations to Whole Body Blood Flow Restriction Training and Detraining. Frontiers in Physiology, 10:1099. doi:10.3389/fphys.2019.01099.

Buckner, S. L., Dankel, S. J., Counts, B. R., Jessee, M. B., Mouser, J. G., Mattocks, K. T., Laurentino, G. C., Abe, T. and Loenneke, J. P. (2017). Influence of Cuff Material on Blood Flow Restriction Stimulus in The Upper Body. The Journal of Physiological Sciences, 67, 207–215. doi:10.1007/s12576-016-0457-0.

Cook, S. B., LaRoche, D. P., Villa, M. R., Barile, H. and Manini, T. M. (2017). Blood Flow Restricted Resistance Training in Older Adults at Risk of Mobility Limitations. Experimental Gerontology, 99:138–145. doi:10.1016/j.exger.2017.10.004.

Dankel, S. J., Buckner, S. L., Jessee, M. B., Mattocks, K. T., Mouser, J. G., Counts, B. R., Laurentino, G. C., Abe, T. and Loenneke, J. P. (2016). Post-exercise Blood Flow Restriction Attenuates Muscle Hypertrophy. European Journal of Applied Physiology, doi:10.1007/s00421-016-3447-2.

Demirci, S. (2019). Ön Çapraz Bağ Rekonstrüksiyonu Sonrası Kan Akımı Kısıtlamalı Pliometrik Eğitimin Kas Kuvveti ve Fonksiyon Üzerine Etkisi. (Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi). Hacettepe Üniversitesi/Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.

Fry, C. S., Glynn, E. L., Drummond, M. J., Timmerman, K. L., Fujita, S., Abe, T., Dhanani, S., Volpi, E. and Rasmussen, B. B. (2010). Blood Flow Restriction Exercise Stimulates mTORC1 Signaling and Muscle Protein Synthesis in Older Men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 108(5), 1199-1209.

Fujita, S., Abe, T., Drummond, M. J., Cadenas, J. G., Dreyer, H. C., Sato, Y., Volpi, E. and Rasmussen, B. B. (2007). Blood Flow Restriction During Low-Intensity Resistance Exercise Increases S6K1 Phosphorylation and Muscle Protein Synthesis. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 103:903–910. doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00195.2007.

Gürel, G. (2013). Venöz Kan Akımı Kısıtlaması ile Uygulanan Ağırlık Antrenmanının Kas Hipertrofisi ve Kuvvetine Etkisinin Araştırılması. (Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi). Kocaeli Üniversitesi/Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Kocaeli.

Hamilton, D. L., MacKenzie M. G. and Baar K. R. (2009). Molecular Mechanisms of Skeletal Muscle Hypertrophy Using Molecular Biology to Understand Muscle Growth. Muscle Plasticity – Advances in Biochemical and Physiological Research, 45-93 ISBN:978-81-308-0322-7.

Jessee, M. B., Buckner, S. L., Mouser, J. G., Mattocks, K. T., Dankel, S. J., Abe, T., Bell, Z. W., Bentley, J. P. and Loenneke, J. P. (2018). Muscle Adaptations to High-Load Training and Very Low-Load Training with and Without Blood Flow Restriction. Frontiers in Physiology, 9:1448. doi:10.3389/fphys.2018.01448.

Kenney, W. L., Wilmore, J. and Costill, D. (2015). Physiology of sport an exercise (6. Baskı). Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Korkmaz, E. (2018). 19 Yaş Altı Erkek Futbol Takımı Oyuncularında 6 Haftalık Kan Akışı Kısıtlama Antrenmanının Kas Kuvveti ve Kasın Mimarisi Üzerine Etkisinin Ultrasonografik Olarak Değerlendirilmesi. (Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Osmangazi Üniversitesi/Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Eskişehir.

Kraemer, W. J., Adams, K., Cafarelli, E., Dudley, G. A., Dooly, C., Feigenbaum, M. S., Fleck, S. J., Franklin, B., Fry, A. C., Hoffman, J. R., Newton, R. U., Potteiger, J., Stone, M. H., Ratamess, N. A. and Triplett-McBride, T. (2002). American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand. Progression Models in Resistance Training for Healthy Adults. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 34(2), 364-380.

Kubo, K., Komuro, T., Ishiguro, N., Tsunoda, N., Sato, Y., Ishii, N., Kanehisa, H. and Fukunaga, T. (2006). Effects of Low-Load Resistance Training with Vascular Occlusion on The Mechanical Properties of Muscle and Tendon. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 22(2), 112-119.

Larkin, K. A., Macneil, R. G., Dirain, M., Sandesara, B., Manini, T. M. and Buford, T. W. (2012). Blood Flow Restriction Enhances Post-Resistance Exercise Angiogenic Gene Expression. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 44, 2077–2083. doi:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182625928.

Loenneke, J. P., Thiebaud, R. S., Fahs, C. A., Rossow, L. M., Abe, T. and Bemben, M. G. (2013). Effect of Cuff Type on Arterial Occlusion. Clinical Physiology and Functional. Imaging, 33, 325–327. doi:10.1111/cpf.12035.

Loenneke, J. P., Thiebaud, R. S., Fahs, C. A., Rossow, L. M., Abe, T. and Bemben, M. G. (2014). Blood Flow Restriction: Effects of Cuff Type on Fatigue and Perceptual Responses to Resistance Exercise. Acta Physiology Hungarica, 101, 158–166. doi:10.1556/APhysiol.101.2014.2.4.

Nakajima, T., Kurano, M., Iida, H., Takano, H., Oonuma, H., Morita, T., Meguro, K., Sato, Y., Nagata, T. and Kattsu Training Group (2006). Use and Safety of Kaatsu Training: Results of a National Survey. International Journal of Kaatsu Training Research, Volume 2:5-13.

Novo, M. G. (2016). Blood flow restriction training manual. Erişim: https://www.liftersclinic.com.

Ohta, H., Kurosawa, H., Ikeda, H., Iwase, Y., Satou, N. and Nakamura, S. (2003). Low-Load Resistance Muscular Training with Moderate Restriction of Blood Flow After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, 74(1), 62-68.

Patterson, S. D., Hughes, L., Head, P., Warmington, S. and Brandner, C. R. (2017). Blood Flow Restriction Training: A Novel Approach to Augment Clinical Rehabilitation: How to Do It. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51, 1648–1649. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2017-097738.

Scott, B. R., Loenneke, J. P., Slattery, K. M. and Dascombe, B. J. (2015). Exercise with Blood Flow Restriction: An Updated Evidence-Based Approach for Enhanced Muscular Development. Sports Medicine, 45,313–325. doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0288-1.

Takarada, Y., Nakamura, Y., Aruga, S., Onda, T., Miyazaki, S. and Ishii, N. (2000a). Rapid Increase in Plasma Growth Hormone After Low-Intensity Resistance Exercise with Vascular Occlusion. Journal of Applied Physiology, 88(1):61-5.

Takarada, Y., Takazawa, H., Sato, Y., Takebayashi, S., Tanaka, Y. and Ishii, N. (2000b). Effects of Resistance Exercise Combined with Moderate Vascular Occlusion on Muscular Function in Humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 88(6), 2097-2106.

Takarada, Y., Sato, Y. and Ishii, N. (2002). Effects of Resistance Exercise Combined with Vascular Occlusion on Muscle Function in Athletes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 86(4), 308-314. doi:10.1007/s00421-001-0561-5.

Takarada, Y., Tsuruta, T. and Ishii, N. (2004). Cooperative Effects of Exercise and Occlusive Stimuli on Muscular Function in Low-Intensity Resistance Exercise with Moderate Vascular Occlusion. The Japanese Journal of Physiology, 54(6), 585-592.

Türkdoğan, H. E. (2019). Kan Akımını Kısıtlayıcı Yöntem ile Yapılan Skuat Hareketinin Sıçrama Performansı Üzerine Akut Etkisi. (Yayımlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi). Pamukkale Üniversitesi/Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Denizli.

Wernbom, M., Augustsson, J. and Thomee, R. (2006). Effects of Vascular Occlusion on Muscular Endurance in Dynamic Knee Extension Exercise at Different Submaximal Loads. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(2), 372.

Yokokawa, Y., Hongo, M., Urayama, H., Nishimura, T. and Kai, I. (2008). Effects of Low-Intensity Resistance Exercise with Vascular Occlusion on Physical Function in Healthy Elderly People. Bioscience Trends, 2(3), 117-123.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.46827/ejpe.v6i11.3629

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Ömür Gülfirat, Halil Bişgin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.


This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).