Abit Bostancı, Mustafa Özdal


The aim of this study is to examine the effect of core stabilization training on drag-flick and shot performance in young hockey players. For this purpose, 20 super league level hockey players participated in the study as subjects. The subjects were divided into two equal groups as experimental and control. While core training and hockey training were applied together for 8 weeks to the experimental group; the control group only continued their routine hockey training. Shot and drag flick tests were applied to the groups one day before and one day after the 8-week period. The obtained data were analyzed in SPSS 22.0 program. After testing for normality and homogeneity, independent samples t-test was performed for between groups, and paired samples t-test was performed for pre-post-tests of each group. When the results were examined, there were significant changes in the hit and drag flick parameters in favor of the post-tests between the pre-post tests in the experimental group in which core training was applied (p<0.05), while the significant changes in the control group were not evaluated because they were in favor of the pre test. Despite these results, there was no significant difference in the measured features between the groups (p>0.05) As a result, it can be said that core training has positive effects on drag flick and shot performance in hockey players.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter


hockey, core, drag-flick, shot

Full Text:



Aslan AK. Genç futbolcularda sekiz haftalık “core” antrenmanın denge ve fonksiyonel performans üzerine etkisi. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Selçuk Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Anabilim Dalı, 2014.

Kibler, W. B., Press, J. and Sciascia, A. The Role of Core Stability in Athletic Function. Sports Medicine. 2006;36(3):189-198.

Brungardt K, Brungardt B, Brungardt M. The Complete of Book Core Training. Harper Colins Special markets department. New York. 2006.

Sato K, Mokha M. Does core strength training influence running kinetics, lower-extremity stability, and 5000-m performance in runners? J Strength Cond Res, 2009;23(1):133–140.

Smith D, Holmes PS, Whitmore L, Collins D, Devonport T, Effect of Theoretically-based Imagery Scripts on Field Hockey Performance Journal of Sport Behavior, 2001;24(4):408-19

Joshi P, Bryan C, Howat H. Relationship of body mass index and fitness levels among schoolchildren. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2012;26(4):1006-14.

Abe T, Loenneke JP, Kojima K, Thiebaud RS, Fahs CA, Sekiguchi O. Influence of strength training on distribution of trunk and appendicular muscle mass. J Aging Res Clin Pract, 2014;3:28-30.

Gezer E, Cakmakci E. The effect of 8 weeks step-aerobic exercise program on body composition and sleep quality of sedentary women. Age, 2010;35:9-11.

Gremeaux V, Drigny J, Nigam A, Juneau M, Guilbeault V, Latour E, Gayda M. Long-term lifestyle intervention with optimized high-intensity interval training improves body composition, cardiometabolic risk, and exercise parameters in patients with abdominal obesity. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 2012;91(11):941-50.

Otto III WH, Coburn JW, Brown LE, Spiering BA. Effects of weightlifting vs. kettlebell training on vertical jump, strength, and body composition. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2012;26(5):1199-202.

Sillanpää EL, Häkkinen AR, Nyman K, Mattila M, Cheng S, Karavirta L, Laaksonen DE, Huuhka N, Kraemer WJ, Häkkinen KE. Body composition and fitness during strength and/or endurance training in older men. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 2008;40(5):950-8.

Tsuzuku S, Kajioka T, Endo H, Abbott RD, Curb JD, Yano K. Favorable effects of non-instrumental resistance training on fat distribution and metabolic profiles in healthy elderly people. European journal of applied physiology, 2007;99(5):549-55.

Kline JB, Krauss JR, Maher SF, Qu X. Core strength training using a combination of home exercises and a dynamic sling system for the management of low back pain in pre-professional ballet dancers: a case series. Journal of dance medicine & science, 2013;17(1):24-33.

Kim KJ. Effects of Core Muscle Strengthening Training on Flexibility, Muscular Strength and Driver Shot Performance in Female Professional Golfers. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences, 2010;22:1.

Sukalinggam C, Sukalinggam G, Kasim F, Yusof A. Stability ball training on lower back strength has greater effect in untrained female compared to male. Journal of human kinetics, 2012;33:33-41.

Sekendiz B, Cug M, Korkusuz F. Effects of Swiss-ball core strength training on strength, endurance, flexibility, and balance in sedentary women. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2010;24(11):3032-40.

Granacher U, Lacroix A, Muehlbauer T, Roettger K, Gollhofer A. Effects of core instability strength training on trunk muscle strength, spinal mobility, dynamic balance and functional mobility in older adults. Gerontology, 2012;59(2):105-13.

Cosio-Lima LM, Reynolds KL, Winter C, Paolone V, Jones MT. Effects of physioball and conventional floor exercises on early phase adaptations in back and abdominal core stability and balance in women. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 2003;17(4):721-5.

Faigenbaum AD, Milliken LA, Loud RL, Burak BT, Doherty CL, Westcott WL. Comparison of 1 and 2 days per week of strength training in children. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 2002;73(4):416-24.

Sartorio A, Lafortuna CL, Pogliaghi S, Trecate L. The impact of gender, body dimension and body composition on hand-grip strength in healthy children. Journal of endocrinological investigation, 2002;25(5):431-5.

Damush TM, Damush JG. The effects of strength training on strength and health-related quality of life in older adult women. The Gerontologist, 1999;39(6):705-10.

Angst F, Drerup S, Werle S, Herren DB, Simmen BR, Goldhahn J. Prediction of grip and key pinch strength in 978 healthy subjects. BMC musculoskeletal disorders, 2010;11(1):1.

Bohannon RW. Hand‐Grip Dynamometry Predicts Future Outcomes in Aging Adults. Journal of geriatric physical therapy, 2008;31(1):3-10.

Massy-Westropp NM, Gill TK, Taylor AW, Bohannon RW, Hill CL. Hand Grip Strength: age and gender stratified normative data in a population-based study. BMC research notes, 2011;4(1):127.

Wind AE, Takken T, Helders PJ, Engelbert RH. Is grip strength a predictor for total muscle strength in healthy children, adolescents, and young adults? European journal of pediatrics, 2010;169(3):281-7.

Drinkwater EJ, Pritchett EJ, Behm DG. Effect of instability and resistance on unintentional squat-lifting kinetics. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 2007;2(4):400.

Escamilla RF, Babb E, DeWitt R, Jew P, Kelleher P, Burnham T, Busch J, D’Anna K, Mowbray R, Imamura RT. Electromyographic analysis of traditional and nontraditional abdominal exercises: implications for rehabilitation and training. Physical Therapy, 2006;86(5):656-71.

Fatouros IG, Kambas A, Katrabasas I, Nikolaidis K, Chatzinikolaou A, Leontsini D, Taxildaris K. Strength training and detraining effects on muscular strength, anaerobic power, and mobility of inactive older men are intensity dependent. British journal of sports medicine, 2005;39(10):776-80.

Chromiak JA, Smedley B, Carpenter W, Brown R, Koh YS, Lamberth JG, Joe LA, Abadie BR, Altorfer G. Effect of a 10-week strength training program and recovery drink on body composition, muscular strength and endurance, and anaerobic power and capacity. Nutrition, 2004;20(5):420-7.

Miszko TA, Cress ME, Slade JM, Covey CJ, Agrawal SK, Doerr CE. Effect of strength and power training on physical function in community-dwelling older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 2003;58(2):M171-5.

Slade JM, Miszko TA, Laity JH, Agrawal SK, Cress ME. Anaerobic power and physical function in strength-trained and non–strength-trained older adults. The Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 2002;57(3):M168-72.

Sale DG, MacDougall JD, Jacobs I, Garner S. Interaction between concurrent strength and endurance training. Journal of applied physiology, 1990;68(1):260-70.

Chtara M, Chamari K, Chaouachi M, Chaouachi A, Koubaa D, Feki Y, Millet GP, Amri M. Effects of intra-session concurrent endurance and strength training sequence on aerobic performance and capacity. British journal of sports medicine, 2005;39(8):555-60.

Rourk ZT. The Relationship between Core Stability and a Hockey Specific Sport Performance in Elite vs. Non-Elite Hockey Athletes (Doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota), 2016.

Briggs AM, Greig AM, Wark JD, Fazzalari NL, Bennell KL. A review of anatomical and mechanical factors affecting vertebral body integrity. International Journal of Medical Sciences. 2004;1(3):170.

Hodges PW, Richardson CA. Inefficient muscular stabilization of the lumbar spine associated with low back pain: a motor control evaluation of transversus abdominis. Spine. 1996;21(22):2640-50.

Cholewicki J, McGill SM. Mechanical stability of the in vivo lumbar spine: implications for injury and chronic low back pain. Clinical biomechanics. 1996;11(1):1-5.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Abit Bostancı, Mustafa Özdal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015 - 2023. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).