Loghman Karami, Elahe Danesh Rad


The present study has done with the purpose of investigating factors influencing the development of sports in schools of Kurdistan province. In terms of goal, this study is functional; in terms of strategy is survey –descriptive that was conducted as field. The statistical population includes all sport teachers (894 individuals) and professors of physical education of Universities of Kurdistan province (26 individuals) (N=920) that were active during 2015-2016 academic year in that province. The sample size was calculated 275 using Morgan table and sampling was done by targeting and available method for academic professors and for sport teachers cluster and simple random sampling was done. In order to study the objectives of this study the researcher made questionnaires was constructed which contains 28 item questionnaires that by using similar researches and literature of research prepared in the Likert 5 item. 9 experts in the field of physical education tried to confirm face validity and the content of the questionnaire and the reliability of the questionnaire obtained α=0.81 by the pilot implementation on the 40 members of the research community and by calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The binomial test was used for data analysis. It should be noted that in this study SPSS version 22 was used for data analyzing. Results showed that economic, social and cultural, organizational management, facilities and sports equipment, technology and political factors influencing the development of school sports in the Kurdistan province. It became clear that prioritize of components and items affecting development of sports schools in the Kurdistan province Are different that according to these findings, recommends to Department of Education in Kurdistan province that provide necessary measurements to promote the development of sports schools.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



influencing factors, developing sport school, Kurdistan province


Azizi, Bisotoon. (2008). investigate the attitudes of the students living in dormitories of Tehran University, Master's Thesis of Sports Management. University of Tehran

Bagher Zadeh, F.; hemeyattalab, R., Mottaghipour, M. (2010). Investigate the causes of female high school students in extracurricular activities, Move, Issue 11, pp. 23-31.

Edington, D. W., Adgrtvn him. Reggie. (2011). Biology of Physical Activity (Translation by Hojjat Allah Nikbakht). Tehran: Samt Publication, the first edition, Eighth Edition.

Ghafori Farhad, Rahman Seresht, H, Kozechian, H, Ehsani, M. (2004). Study of Physical Education professional’s attitude toward the role of mass media (Radio, television and publications) in the case of interest in athletics and universal sports. The Journal of Harekat, Issue 16, pp. 57-78.

Kalliopi, S., Shilbury D., Christine, G. (2008). Sport Development Systems, Policies and Pathways: An Introduction to the Special Issue. Sport Management Review, Vol. 11, pp. 217-223.

Khalaji, H. (2014). Principles of Physical Education. Tehran: Payame noor University.

Momtaz Bakhsh, Maryam, Fakor .U. (2008). Investigating the mechanisms used to promote and develop sport for women in Military Sciences University. Quarterly disciplinary knowledge, the ninth year, the second edition, pp. 53-61

Mozaffari, Seyed Amir Ahmad, a certain person, MR, pour Sultan, Hussein, overlooking Javadi, B., Ismail, and Mohammad Reza. (2010). Describe the implementation status of physical education and sport in first grade of primary school teachers and administrators in the of the country, Movement and exercise Journal, Vol. VII, Issue 14, Pages 119-139

Ramezaninejad, Rahim. (2013). Physical education in schools. Tehran, the publisher, Eighth Edition

Safarzade Reza. (1997). studies secondary school student’s city neighborhoods leisure activities with an emphasis on physical activity. Thesis of Master Physical Education. Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch.

Shabani Bahar, GR, mystical, Nasrallah, Ashraghi, Amir. (2009). Investigate the influential factors the quality to physical education teachers in secondary schools from the perspective of sports. Journal of Sports Sciences, No. 20, pp. 143-156.

Stella K. Muthuri., Lucy-Joy M. Wachira., Allana G. Leblanc., Claire E. Francis., Margaret Sampson., Vincent O. Onywera and Mark S. Tremblay. (2014). Temporal Trends and Correlates of Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Physical Fitness among School-Aged Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(3), 3327-3359.

Zeng, Howard Z.; Hipscher, Michael; Leung, Reymond W. (2011). Attitudes of High School Students toward Physical Education and Their Sport Activity Preferences. Journal of Social Sciences 7 (4): 529-537.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Loghman Karami, Elahe Danesh Rad

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright © 2015-2022. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science (ISSN 2501 - 1235) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing Group. All rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms. All authors who send their manuscripts to this journal and whose articles are published on this journal retain full copyright of their articles. All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).