Patrick U. Osadebe, Morrison O. Jessa


This study developed Social Studies Achievement Test (SSAT) for the assessment of secondary school students. Six research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The instrumentation and ex-post facto research designs were adopted. A total population of 13,394 students was used, while a sample size of 800 was selected using simple and stratified random sampling techniques. A 100-multiple choice item Social Studies Achievement Test (SSAT) was developed by the researcher. The data was analysed using percentage, mean, standard deviation and independent samples t-test. The findings revealed that the SSAT was very valid, as shown in the proper distribution of the contents in the table of specifications; and reliable as indicated by a reliability estimate of 0.96. The finding also revealed that the SSAT had a good difficulty and discriminatory indices, ranging from 0.08 to 0.88 and -0.03 to 0.49 respectively. The study also revealed that gender and location could influence test results of junior secondary school students assessed using the Social Studies Achievement Test (SSAT). Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that the test should be used by teachers for the assessment of Secondary School Students in Social Studies.


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test development, achievement testing, item analysis, multiple choice

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