Paraskevi Foti


Recently, and in the circumstances created due to COVID-19, it has been established that new conditions have been created for almost the entire educational potential of the country. The closing of schools created new data and difficulties that had to be overcome in order to continue the educational activity and the general pedagogical process and in these new data the use and development of electronic means of communication was inevitable In particular, the field of pre-school education, kindergarten teachers were called upon to respond to even more difficult challenges and difficulties, taking into account the age of the students (4-6 years) and the objective inability to approach the electronic forms of education. The purpose of this paper is first to describe the main objectives and conditions for distance education and then it will be presented a research that took place in kindergartens schools of 3rd region in Athens during the closing period of schools due to COVID-19. In this research was tried to explore perceptions, possibilities, and limitations regarding the implementation distance learning in kindergarten schools.


Article visualizations:

Hit counter



distance learning, kindergarten, possibilities, limitations, dilemmas

Full Text:



Anastasiades, P. (2008). Issues of pedagogical design for the Didactic Exploitation of Interactive Conference in a Mixed-Polymorphic-Learning Environment. In P. Anastasiades (Ed.). The Teleconference in the service of Lifelong Learning and Distance Learning (pp. 17-91). Athens: Gutenberg.

Bruner, J. (1960). The process of education (Translation of Clerides, Chrysanthi). Athens, ed.

Cohen, L. & Manion, L. (1994). Research methods in education. London and New York: Routledge.

Dimitropoulos, E. G. (2001): Introduction to the Methodology of Scientific Research. Towards a Systemic Dynamic Model of Scientific Research Methodology (3rd ed.), ed. Ellinas, Athens.

Downes S. (2007). E-learning 2.0: Feature Article. eLearn Magazine.

Fessakis, G., Goulia, E. & Mavroudi, E. (2013). Problem solving by 5–6 years old kindergarten children in a computer programming environment: A case study, Computers & Education. s.l.:s.n.

Keegan, D. (2001). The basic principles of open and distance learning. Athens: Metaichmio.

Karavias (2002). Interdisciplinary Single Curriculum framework for kindergarten and Programmes for Planning and Development of Activities, Athens, Ministry of Education –PI.

Lagoumitzis, G., Vlachopoulos, G., Koutsoyiannis, K. (2015). Methodology of Research in Health Sciences, SEAB, Athens.

Lionarakis, A. (2005). Open and distance learning education and processes. In A. Lionarakis (Ed.). Open and Distance Learning. Pedagogical and Technological Applications (pp. 13-38). Patras: Hellenic Open University.

Lionarakis, A. (2003). A preliminary framework for a theory of Open and Distance Learning – the evolution of its complexity, in Andras Szucs and Erwin Wagner (Eds). The Quality Dialogue, Integrating Quality Cultures in Flexible, Distance and eLearning. Proceedings of the 2003 EDEN Annual Conference held in Rhodes, Greece, 15-18 June 2003, pp. 42 – 47.

Mouzakis, Ch. (2004). Integrated Online Environments – Planning, Implementation and Evaluation Issues, in P. Anastasiades (E.M.). Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on "Lifelong and Distance Learning" University of Crete on 23 - 24 October 2004.

Ouzouni Ch. & Nakakis K. (2011). The Reliability and Validity of Measurement Tools in Quantitative Studies, Article of Continuing Education, Nursing, 50(2): 231–239.

Pappas, Th. (2002). The methodology of scientific research in the humanities. Kardamitsa Publications

Paraskevopoulos I. (1999). Interpersonal and intrapersonal adjustment questionnaire. Greek Letters, Athens.

Pekarova, J. (2008). Using a Programmable Toy at Preschool Age: Why and How?. s.l., s.n., pp. 112-121.

Piajet, J. (1958). The psychology of intelligence, Athens, "Athena".

Shah, A. & Godiyal, S. (2004). "ICT in early years : balancing the risks and benefits", British Journal of Educational Technology. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 18-5-2020].

Schlosser, L. A., and Simonson, M. (2002). Distance Education: Definition and Glossary of Terms, AECT.

Vasala, P., (2005). Open and distance learning education and processes. In, Distance schooling. Patras: Hellenic Open University.

Vygotsky L. (1988). Though and Knowledge. Knowledge Publications. Athens.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright © 2015-2018. European Journal of Open Education and E-learning Studies (ISSN 2501-9120) is a registered trademark of Open Access Publishing GroupAll rights reserved.

This journal is a serial publication uniquely identified by an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) serial number certificate issued by Romanian National Library (Biblioteca Nationala a Romaniei). All the research works are uniquely identified by a CrossRef DOI digital object identifier supplied by indexing and repository platforms.

All the research works published on this journal are meeting the Open Access Publishing requirements and can be freely accessed, shared, modified, distributed and used in educational, commercial and non-commercial purposes under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).